NTSB Identification: FTW94FA158

On May 16, 1994, at 1502 central daylight time, N47GY, a Bell 47G-2, was destroyed when it impacted terrain during an uncontrolled descent in Tulsa, Oklahoma. The commercial pilot was fatally injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the ferry flight.

Eye witnesses were interviewed and thirteen witness' statements were submitted. The consensus of these statements revealed:

The accident helicopter was following a lead helicopter [both helicopters were enroute to Tulsa Helicopters, Inc., a helicopter repair facility, for maintenance to be performed on the accident helicopter (see attached map)].

Five witnesses reported hearing a loud "pop," "exploding," or "backfire" noise.

Two witnesses indicated that there was a power loss.

Eight witnesses saw something separate from the helicopter.

One witness saw the helicopter tilt left and go sideways. "I could see top of rotors from my view point which told me copter was completely sideways," he wrote. Another witness verbally reported seeing the helicopter roll 90 degrees to the left, and said he also saw the top of the rotor disc.

Five witnesses said the helicopter went inverted, four witnesses said the helicopter entered a spin or spiral, and another witness said it "tumbled."


The helicopter impacted the back yard of a residence at 3324 E. 83rd Place, causing minor damage to the chimney structure. Two of the three longitudinal tail boom trusses were found severed. Approximately 240 feet away, on the west side of Harvard Avenue, the left synchronized elevator and end cap were located. These were the only parts that were found to have separated from the helicopter. One of the main rotor blades had an indentation on its leading edge near the blade tip. Measurements made on this indentation matched those made to the elevator end cap.


An examination of the body was performed by the Oklahoma State Medical Examiner's Office in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Toxicological examination by the FAA's Civil Aeromedical Institute (CAMI) disclosed 32.000 (ug/ml, ug/g) salicylate in the urine. According to a CAMI spokesman, salicylate is the same as aspirin.


A metallurgical examination of the fractured surfaces concluded that they were the result of overload forces.

Measurements taken from a three dimensional scale drawing of the Bell 47G-2 indicate that in order for the main rotor blade to contact the synchronized elevator, the rotor system would have to tilt aft approximately 18 degrees.

According to a report by Bell Helicopter's Rotor System Design Group, static stops limit the angular movement of the rotor mast. In a static state, the rotor blades will clear the tailboom about 14 inches. The report noted, "In trimmed, high speed forward flight, the rotor would have about 8 degrees of collective pitch, and 8 degrees of cyclic pitch, and the rotor flapping would be near 0 degrees. However, an unusual and violent maneuver such as a maximum rate drop of the collective pitch with full aft cyclic pitch applied simultaneously could command aft flapping exceeding the stop-to-stop clearance. Under this circumstance, heavy flapping stop contact could occur, and with large mast and blade bending deflections a blade strike on the tail boom is possible."


The lead helicopter pilot said that shortly after departing the airport, he was forced to bank sharply to avoid a flock of birds. He radioed this information to the second helicopter pilot but received no reply. When he turned around, the second helicopter was not in sight.

A "Release of Aircraft Wreckage," NTSB Form 6120.15, was executed on August 3, 1994, but it was never returned by the owner.