Automated Vehicles - Investigations

​​​​​​​​​​​ ​​

Below are our completed investigations that involved a vehicle being operated by an automation system at the time of the crash. Each ​describes the examined issues, and links to the investigation page with the crash description, probable cause and links to the docket and relevant documents.

Completed Investigations

​​See investigations involving:

Production-level vehicle with partial automation:

Report image.Collision Between a Car Operating With Automated Vehicle Control Systems and a Tractor-Semitrailer Truck
Williston, FL | May 7, 2016


This was the first fatal crash in the United States involving a vehicle operating in a partial automation mode at the time of the crash. We examined these safety issues:​

  • automation system capabilities and limitations, 
  • driver automation overreliance, and 
  • ​data recording requirements.

For more information:


Download:


Report photo.Rear-End Collision Between a Car Operating with Advanced Driver Assistance Systems and a Stationary Fire Truck
Culver City, CA | January 22, 2018​

​This non-fatal crash involved a vehicle operating in partial automation mode that crashed into the back of a stopped fire truck partially blocking the travel lane. We examined these safety issues:

  • ​the limitations of the partial automation system, 
  • the method of monitoring driver engagement, and 
  • driver distraction and automation overreliance.
For more information:

Download:



Report photo.Collision Between Car Operating with Partial Driving Automation and Truck-Tractor Semitrailer
Delray Beach, FA | March 1, 2019​

This fatal crash involved a vehicle operating in partial automation mode that struck the trailer of a combination vehicle crossing a state highway, in a sequence that closely resembles the Williston crash​​. We examined these safety issues: 

  • the limitations of the partial automation system, 
  • the method of monitoring driver engagement, and 
  • automation overreliance.

​For more information:

Download:
  • ​​​Video report that examines information from the vehicle’s forward camera


Report photo.Collision Between a Sport Utility Vehicle Operating With Partial Driving Automation and a Crash Attenuator
Mountain View, CA | March 23, 2018​

A fatal crash involving a vehicle operating in partial automation mode that veered into a gore area and struck a previously damaged crash attenuator at highway speed; a postcrash fire ensued. We examined these safety issues:

  • the limitations of the partial automation system and the method of monitoring driver engagement,
  • federal requirements for collision avoidance systems, and
  • driver distraction and automation overreliance. ​
For more information:
  • Go to the investigation page for links to the docket, final report and board meeting material

Download:



Top of page


Developmental automated driving system:

accident image.Low-Speed Collision Between Truck-Tractor and Autonomous Shuttle
Las Vegas, NV | November 18, 2017​


​​

This minor incident involved a low-speed automated shuttle operating on a city street, on a first day of testing operation with passengers on board. We examined these safety issues:

  • the capabilities of the developmental ADS,
  • the shuttle’s operational procedures, and
  • the process by which the testing was designed and approved.
For more information:

Download:
  • Vehicle automation report that describes the structural organization and functional capabilities of the system, and also examines crash-related data
  • Video report​ that describes the information from the shuttle’s cameras


​​

Report photo.Collision Between Vehicle Controlled by Developmental Automated Driving System and Pedestrian
Tempe, AZ | March 18, 2018​


​This fatal crash involved a test vehicle controlled by a developmental automated driving system (ADS) and occupied by a safety driver, striking a pedestrian walking a bicycle across a roadway. We examined these safety issues:

  • the capabilities and limitations of the developmental ADS,
  • the testing operational procedures, oversight of the safety driver,
  • the overall company safety culture, and
  • the state and federal policies regarding ADS testing.​
For more information:
  • Go to the investigation page for links to the docket, final report and board meeting material

Download:

  •  ​​Vehicle automation report​​ that describes the system design perceptual processes and examines crash-related data​
  • ​​Video report that describes information from the vehicle’s forward and driver-facing cameras
  • Operations reports​ that describes the organization’s structure, including its safety departments

​​



Top of page







​​​