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Accident Report Detail

Rear-End Collision of Two Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority Red Line Rapid Transit Trains near the 98th Street Station

Executive Summary

About 8:12 a.m., eastern daylight time, July 10, 1985, eastbound two-car train No. 6601 struck the rear of three-car train No. 6614, which was standing inoperative on the eastbound main track of the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (GCRTA) Red Rapid Transit Line. Train No. 6614 was stuck in a reverse curve about 900 feet west of the West 98th Street Station in Cleveland, Ohio. The operators and conductors of both trains and a total of 46 of the approximately 400 passengers on the trains were transported to nearby hospitals. Two days after the accident, another passenger was admitted to the hospital for a cervical spine injury; the train crewmembers and the other passengers received outpatient treatment for minor injuries. The rear car of train No. 6614 was derailed and sustained rear end structural damage as a result of the collision impact.

Probable Cause

The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the failure of the operator of train No. 6601 to comply with the signal aspects displayed and to monitor properly the track ahead and react in time to safely stop the train, and the failure of the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority to enforce strict compliance with operating rules, to maintain its signal system, to adopt unambiguous operating rules, and to monitor adequately the performance of its train operators, thereby creating a permissive block operation. Contributing to the accident was the failure of the GCRTA to prevent vegetation from blocking visibility in areas of critical sight distance.

Accident Location: Cleveland , OH    
Accident Date: 7/10/1985
Accident ID: DCA85RM009

Date Adopted: 4/14/1987
NTSB Number: RAR-87-01
NTIS Number: PB87-916301

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