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Accident Report Detail

Pipeline Accident Brief: TransCanada Corporation Pipeline (Keystone Pipeline) Rupture

Executive Summary

​On November 16, 2017, at 4:34 a.m. mountain daylight time, a TransCanada Corporation, Keystone Pipeline (Keystone) ruptured near Amherst, South Dakota, between the Ludden, North Dakota, (Ludden) and Ferney, South Dakota, (Ferney) pump stations. Keystone’s Operational Control Center (OCC), in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, was monitoring Keystone’s Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition system that detected the leak and shut down the pipeline. Keystone’s field staff traveled to the indicated leak location, confirmed that the pipeline had ruptured, and initiated their spill response plan. The approximate spill area was comprised of about 5,000 barrels of crude oil.

Probable Cause

​The NTSB determines that the probable cause of the failure of the Keystone Pipeline was a fatigue crack, likely originating from mechanical damage to the pipe exterior by a metal-tracked vehicle during pipeline installation, that grew and extended in-service to a critical size, resulting in the rupture of the pipeline.

For more details about this accident, visit and search for NTSB accident identification PLD18LR001.

Accident Location: Amherst , SD USA  
Accident Date: 11/16/2017
Accident ID: PLD18LR001

Date Adopted: 7/5/2018
NTSB Number: PAB1801
NTIS Number:  

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