On February 19, 2012, about 1315 eastern standard time, an Aviat Aircraft, model A-1C-200, N45TT, was substantially damaged when it exited the right side of runway 10 during landing at the Wood County Airport (1G0), Bowling Green, Ohio. The pilot and pilot rated passenger were not injured. The aircraft was registered to Differential Leasing, LLC and operated by the airline transport pilot under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight, which was not on a flight plan. The local flight originated at 1300.

The pilot reported to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Inspectors and to the NTSB investigator-in-charge that the left brake locked during landing and caused the airplane to veer to the side. Examination of the airplane by FAA inspectors revealed damage to the left wing and wing spar. Additional damage was noted to the left landing gear and propeller. No anomalies were detected by the inspectors, however, the airplane owner reported to FAA inspectors that he disassembled the left brake and found metal shavings within the port where the brake bleeder was attached. The left brake caliper assembly, along with the recovered metal shavings, were sent to the National Transportation Safety Board investigator for examination.

The left brake assembly was a disk brake type caliper that had two independent pistons. The brake caliper and metal shavings were examined using a 10X magnifier. The piston bores within the main body of the caliper were clean with no evidence of scoring of the piston bores. The pistons each had circumferential abrasions on the outside of their bodies consistent with the pistons having been misaligned with the piston bores at some point. The O-ring seals appeared intact with no deficiencies noted. With the O-rings removed, the pistons were placed in their bores and were free to move. The previously mentioned abrasions, although visible, did not impede the movement of the pistons in either direction. The brake pads appeared intact and did not appear to have excessive wear. The metal shavings were not attracted to a magnet, which indicated that they were non-ferrous. The spiral appearance of the shavings was consistent with that of shavings expelled during drilling operations. The shavings still had a spiral shape and did not appear flattened. The lack of flattening of the spiral shavings indicated that they had not become jammed in between the piston and the piston bore. The examination of the brake assembly revealed no anomalies that would have precluded normal operation.

The recorded weather conditions at the Toledo Executive Airport, about 12 miles northeast of the accident site, included wind from 20 degrees at 10 knots.

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