On October 29, 1997, at 1200 central standard time (cst), a Lear 35A, N62MB, piloted by an airline transport-rated crew, was substantially damaged when its left wing collided with a deer during takeoff from runway 03 (5,399' X 100' dry concrete) at the Sheboygan County Memorial Airport, Sheboygan, Wisconsin. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident. The 14 CFR Part 135 passenger flight was not operating on a flight plan. The flight crew and two passengers reported no injuries. The flight was departing from Sheboygan, Wisconsin, at 1200 cst.

According to the pilot, the airplane collided with a deer that "...bolted across the front of the aircraft from right to left..." as the airplane reached its rotational speed for liftoff. He said the left wing struck the deer "...about 2/3 of the way outboard of the wing very near the stall fence."

The pilot said they climbed the airplane slowly, noting " took full right aileron and almost full right rudder to keep the aircraft level. As we accelerated the control forces required reduced rapidly." The pilot said he accelerated the airplane to 200 knots and it "...flew well... ." According to the pilot, there was "...some vibration..." during the cruise portion of the flight. He said that about 1/4 right aileron was required to keep the airplane level.

The pilot said he decided to fly the airplane to General Mitchell International Airport, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, because it had longer runways and "...excellent rescue equipment." N62MB was landed on runway 25L (8,011' X 150' dry concrete) at General Mitchell Airport "...without incident...," according to the pilot.

Inspection of the airplane revealed that the middle-third of the left wing's leading edge was crushed aft about 3 to 4-inches. The wing fence's forward section was wrinkled to its mid-span location. The wing skin next to the leading edge damage was wrinkled to about the mid-chord area.

During an interview with the airport manager (manager) it was revealed that N62MB collided with the deer about 2/3rds the way down runway 03. He said that portion of the runway is located between two wooded areas. The wooded area west of the collision point is about 1,100 feet from the runway. The wooded area east of the collision point is about 600 feet from the runway. The manager stated the deer was going from the east wooded area to the west wooded area via the clearway and runway environment. The manager said in addition to the wooded areas close to the runways, there are also wetlands and farm fields immediately adjacent to the airport property. The farm fields are usually planted with corn, soy beans and wheat, according to the manager.

The manager said the airport does not have a perimeter fence to prevent deer and wild turkeys from entering the airport property. He said the county board has petitioned state aviation authorities for funding assistance to install a fence in the past. The funding has not been available for such a project, according to the manager. The manager said a fence project involving the installation of a 12-foot high fence would cost about $400,000.00.

At the conclusion of discussions with the Federal Aviation Administration Airport District Office in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the Wisconsin Bureau of Aeronautics in Madison, Wisconsin, and the airport manager the installation of the deer fence at the airport has been approved and should be installed by Fall 1998.

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