ANC97LA112
ANC97LA112

On July 25, 1997, about 1715 Alaska daylight time, a float equipped Cessna 206 airplane, N9412Z, crashed during a forced landing in a remote area about 25 miles east-southeast of Palmer, Alaska. The airplane was being operated as a visual flight rules (VFR) local area personal flight when the accident occurred. The airplane, operated by the pilot, sustained substantial damage. The certificated commercial pilot, and one passenger received minor injuries. A second passenger received serious injuries. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed. The flight originated at Campbell Lake, a private lake in Anchorage, Alaska, about 1630.

On July 26, 1997, during a telephone conversation with the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigator-in-charge (IIC), the pilot reported he was in cruise flight about 3,000 feet mean sea level over the Knik Glacier when the engine suddenly quit. Emergency procedures failed to restore engine power. The pilot made a "Mayday" radio call, and selected an emergency landing area on flat, mud/gravel covered terrain between the glacier, and the shore line of Lake George. During the touchdown, both float assemblies were torn off the fuselage, and the airplane nosed over.

The airplane, and engine, had accrued 1,382.9 service hours since new. The most recent annual inspection of the engine was September 1, 1996, 32.6 service hours before the accident. On August 10, 1990, the number one engine cylinder was replaced by an airframe and powerplant mechanic. The cylinder had accrued about 585 service hours at the time of the accident.

After recovery, the engine, a Continental IO-520F, was examined at Sea Air Inc., Anchorage, Alaska, on August 21, 1997. The examination revealed the presence of oil around the base and underside of the number one cylinder. No torque paint was evident on the cylinder bolts. One of the cylinder bolts was not tight. The remaining cylinder bolts required little effort to loosen. Removal of the oil sump pan revealed the presence of metal shavings, and fractured portions of main engine crankshaft bearing material, Superior Part number SA642720. Examination of the oil filter revealed metal contamination. The interior surfaces of the oil pump housing exhibited light scoring.

The engine case exhibited fretting around the number one main journal mating surfaces. The number one main bearing was displaced slightly aft. The number two main bearing saddle was extensively deformed. The number two main bearing was destroyed.

The crankshaft was fractured at the number three short cheek, between the number two, and number three rod bearings.

The crankshaft was examined at the NTSB Materials Laboratory, Washington, D.C. The examination of the fracture site revealed heavy rubbing damage. The origin of the fracture displayed a crack arrest pattern typical of fatigue cracking. Multiple ratchet marks were noted in the fatigue origin area.

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