NTSB Identification: ATL86FA120.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 31443.
Accident occurred Tuesday, April 29, 1986 in WINTON, NC
Probable Cause Approval Date: 03/25/1988
Aircraft: PIPER PA-28-160, registration: N5258W
Injuries: 4 Fatal.

NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

BEFORE THE FLT, THE STUDENT PLT & PASSENGERS HAD BEEN SOCIALIZING & DRINKING BEER. AT APRX 0200 EDT, WHILE AT A FRIEND'SHOME NEAR MURFREESBORO, NC, THEY DECIDED TO GO FLYING. AT ABOUT 0300, AN ACFT WAS OBSERVED TO FLY OVER THE FRIEND'S HOME AT LOW ALT, THEN IT DEPARTED THE AREA & DID NOT RETURN. SUBSEQUENTLY, THE ACFT CRASHED NEAR WINTON, NC & WAS EXTENSIVELY DAMAGED DURING IMPACT. THE NEEDLE OF THE AIRSPEED INDICATOR WAS PRESSED AGAINST THE INSTRUMENT FACE AT 142 MPH. ALSO, THE ACFT'S CLOCK WAS DAMAGED & HAD STOPPED AT 0347. THERE WAS EVIDENCE THE PLANE WAS IN A 22 DEG DIVE WITH ABOUT A 30 DEG RGT BANK WHEN IT CRASHED. NO PREIMPACT PART FAILURE/MALFUNCTION WAS FND; HOWEVER, THE ARTIFICIAL HORIZON HAD BEEN REMOVED FOR REPAIR. TOXICOLOGY CHECKS OF THE PLT'S BLOOD SHOWED AN ALCOHOL LVL OF 90 MG% (0.090%), COCAINE LVL OF 0.09 MG% & BENZOYLECGONINE LVL OF 0.11 MG%. THE PLT HAD ONLY ABOUT 3 HRS OF NIGHT FLYING TIME.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

JUDGMENT..POOR..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

IMPAIRMENT(ALCOHOL)..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

IMPAIRMENT(DRUGS)..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

AIRCRAFT HANDLING..NOT MAINTAINED..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

SPATIAL DISORIENTATION..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

OVERCONFIDENCE IN PERSONAL ABILITY..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

LIGHT CONDITION..DARK NIGHT


Contributing Factors

PROCEDURES/DIRECTIVES..NOT FOLLOWED..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

QUALIFICATION..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

LACK OF RECENT EXPERIENCE IN TYPE OPERATION..PILOT IN COMMAND

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