NTSB Identification: DCA86IA017.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 31970.
Scheduled 14 CFR AMERICAN AIRLINES, INC.
Incident occurred Saturday, February 08, 1986 in HARLINGEN, TX
Probable Cause Approval Date: 05/27/1988
Aircraft: BOEING 727-223, registration: N871AA
Injuries: 134 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators used data provided by various sources and may not have traveled in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft incident report.

WHILE EN ROUTE, THE COMPANY DISPATCHER NOTIFIED AMERICAN FLT 844 (VIA ACARS) THAT HARLINGEN (HRL) HAD UNFORECAST FOG & WAS 300' OBSCD WITH 1/2 MI VIS. AT 2335, AS THE FLT BGN A DSCNT FM FL 310, THE SAME CEILING & VIS WERE RPRTD. HOWEVER, AS THE FLT WAS CLRD FOR AN ILS RWY 17R APCH, HOUSTON ARTCC ADZD THE WX WAS (IN PART) 200' OBSCD, 3/8 MI VIS WITH FOG. WXMINS FOR THE APCH WERE 200' CEILING & 1/2 MI VIS. TWO APCHS WERE MADE USING THE AUTOPLT, BUT BOTH WERE TERMINATED WITH MISSED APCHS DUE TO WX. THE CREW STARTED TO DIVERT, BUT RECD A WX UPDATE (VIA ACARS) THAT THE WX WAS IMPROVING, SO A 3RDILS WAS ATMTD. AFTER ACTIVATING RWY LGTS, THE CAPT HAND FLEW THE APCH. AS HE TRANSITIONED TO A VISUAL APCH, THE DSCNT RATE INCREASED & THE ACFT TOUCHED DWN SHORT OF THE RWY, DMGG THE LNDG GEAR & APCH LGTS. THE CREW MADE A GO-ARND, THEN DIVERTED WITH NO FURTHER INCIDENT. A COMPANY WX OBSERVER AT HRL NOTED THE 0010 WX WAS 200' OBSCD & 1/2 MI VIS & THE 0018WX WAS 100' OBSCD & 1/4 MI VIS, BUT THE CREW DID NOT CONTACT THE OBSERVER, AS REQD, BFR MAKING THE APCHS.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this incident to be:

IFR PROCEDURE..NOT FOLLOWED..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this incident to be:

CREW/GROUP COORDINATION..INADEQUATE

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this incident to be:

DECISION HEIGHT..IMPROPER USE OF

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this incident to be:

GO-AROUND..DELAYED


Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..LOW CEILING


Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..FOG


Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..BELOW APPROACH/LANDING MINIMUMS


Contributing Factors

PLANNED APPROACH..CONTINUED..PILOT IN COMMAND

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