NTSB Identification: MIA89FA033.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 38109.
Nonscheduled 14 CFR
Accident occurred Sunday, November 13, 1988 in JACKSONVILLE, FL
Probable Cause Approval Date: 11/27/1989
Aircraft: PIPER PA-28-181, registration: N8342L
Injuries: 4 Fatal.

NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

DRG A NGT ARRIVAL, THE PLT REQUESTED A SPECIAL VFR CLNC TO THE ARPT & WAS ADZD THAT THE WX WAS PARTIALLY OBSCURED, VIS WAS 1 MI WITH FOG & THE WIND WAS CALM. AS HE CONTD THE APCH, ALL FLTS WERE ADZD THE VIS HAD DROPPED TO 1/2 MI. THE PLT REQUESTED CLNC FOR AN ILS RWY 7 APCH. AFTER BEING CLRD FOR THE APCH, HE WAS ADZD THE RVR WAS '2000 TOUCHDOWN . . . MID- POINT 1000 & ROLLOUT 1600.' CONTACT WITH THE ACFT WAS LOST AS IT APCHD THE ARPT. LATER, THE ACFT WAS FND WHERE IT HAD COLLIDED WITH TREES & CRASHED APRX 1400 FT LEFT OF THE RWY & 500 FT PAST THE THRESHOLD. AN INV REVEALED THAT INITIAL IMPACT WAS IN A LVL ATTITUDE. AN EXAM OF THE ACFT REVEALED THE FLAPS WERE FULLY RETRACTED & THE THROTTLE WAS FULL OPEN. PROP DAMAGE INDCD THERE WAS ROTATION AT HIGH RPM DURING IMPACT. RECORDS SHOWED THE ACFT HAD AN INOP TURN COORDINATOR. NO OTHER PART FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION WAS EVIDENT. A CHECK OF THE WT & BALANCE INFO SHOWED THAT WHEN THE ACFT CRASHED, IT WAS APRX 55 LBS OVER THE MAX GROSS WT LIMITATION & THE CENTER-OF-GRAVITY (CG) WAS APRX .5 INCH BEHIND THE AFT LIMIT.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

IFR PROCEDURE..IMPROPER..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

DECISION HEIGHT..IMPROPER USE OF..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

MISSED APPROACH..NOT ATTAINED..PILOT IN COMMAND



Contributing Factors

FLIGHT/NAV INSTRUMENTS,TURN AND BANK INDICATOR..INOPERATIVE


Contributing Factors

OPERATION WITH KNOWN DEFICIENCIES IN EQUIPMENT..PERFORMED..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

LIGHT CONDITION..NIGHT


Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..LOW CEILING


Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..FOG


Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..OBSCURATION


Contributing Factors

PROPER ALIGNMENT..NOT MAINTAINED..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

OBJECT..TREE(S)

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