NTSB Identification: ATL88LA252.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 38412.
Accident occurred Thursday, September 15, 1988 in COVINGTON, TN
Probable Cause Approval Date: 01/04/1990
Aircraft: PIPER PA-12, registration: N2833M
Injuries: 1 Minor.

NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

THE PLT REPORTED THAT THE ENGINE SUDDENLY BEGAN TO RUN ROUGH AND BACKFIRE DURING A PIPELINE PATROL FLIGHT AT 300 FT AGL. THE ROUGHNESS WORSENED AND THE PLT MADE A FORCED LDG ON A DIRT ROAD. DURING ROLLOUT, ONE OF THE WINGS CAUGHT VEGETATION BORDERING THE ROAD AND THE AIRPLANE VEERED OFF THE ROAD INTO A DITCH. EXAM OF THE AIRPLANE REVEALED THAT IT WAS SUPPLEMENTAL TYPE CERTIFICATED FOR THE USE OF AUTOMOTIVE GASOLINE, AND THAT IT WAS FUELED WITH AUTO GAS. EXAM OF THE LYC 0-290-D2 ENGINE REVEALED THAT THE #4 EXHAUST VALVE WAS STUCK OPEN, AND HEAVY CARBON DEPOSITS WERE PRESENT ON THE VALVE. THE VALVES IN THE #3 CYL WERE FOUND TO BE BURNED. LYCOMING DOES NOT RECOMMEND THE USE OF AUTO GAS IN LYCOMING ACFT ENGINES. SERVICE LETTER L199 NOTES THAT GUMS CAN FORM IN AUTO FUELS WHICH CAN CAUSE STICKING VALVES. FAA AC 91.33A CONTAINS SEVERAL CAUTIONS ON THE USE OF THE AUTO FUEL CONCERNING QUALITY CONTROL, GUM FORMATION, VOLATILITY & CARB ICING.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

ENGINE ASSEMBLY,VALVE,EXHAUST..CONTAMINATION

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

ENGINE ASSEMBLY,VALVE,EXHAUST..SEIZED

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

FLUID,FUEL GRADE..IMPROPER


Contributing Factors

TERRAIN CONDITION..HIGH VEGETATION



Contributing Factors

INSUFFICIENT STANDARDS/REQUIREMENTS..FAA(ORGANIZATION)


Contributing Factors

INADEQUATE CERTIFICATION/APPROVAL..FAA(ORGANIZATION)

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