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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation H-84-042
Details
Synopsis: ON JUNE 28, 1983, A 100-FOOT-LONG SUSPENDED SPAN BETWEEN PIERS 20 AND 21 OF THE EASTBOUND TRAFFIC LANES OF THE INTERSTATE ROUTE 95 HIGHWAY BRIDGE OVER THE MIANUS RIVER IN GREENWICH, CONNECTICUT, COLLAPSED AND FELL 70 FEET INTO THE RIVER BELOW. TWO TRACTOR-SEMITRAILERS AND TWO AUTOMOBILES PLUNGED INTO THE VOID IN THE BRIDGE AND WERE DESTROYED BY IMPACT FROM THE FALL. THREE VEHICLE OCCUPANTS DIED, AND THE OTHER THREE RECEIVED SERIOUS INJURIES. THE NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD DETERMINED THAT THE PROBABLE CAUSE OF THE COLLAPSE OF THE MIANUS RIVER BRIDGE SPAN WAS THE UNDETECTED LATERAL DISPLACEMENT OF THE HANGERS OF THE PIN AND HANGER SUSPENSION ASSEMBLY IN THE SOUTHEAST CORNER OF THE SPAN BY CORROSION-INDUCED FORCES DUE TO DEFICIENCIES IN THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT'S BRIDGE SAFETY INSPECTION AND BRIDGE MAINTENANCE PROGRAM.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION: DEVELOP A MODEL BRIDGE INSPECTOR'S FIELD HANDBOOK IN A CONVENIENT CHECKLIST FORMAT WHICH ENCOMPASSES ALL THE ELEMENTS OF AN INTEGRATED BRIDGE INSPECTION PROCEDURE TO BE PRESCRIBED BY 23 CFR 650.303 IF AMENDED AS RECOMMENDED BY THE SAFETY BOARD.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Highway
Location: Mianus River, Greenwich, CT, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA83AH003
Accident Reports: Collapse of a Suspended Span of Inter- state Route 95 Highway Bridge over the Mianus River
Report #: HAR-84-03
Accident Date: 6/28/1983
Issue Date: 7/19/1984
Date Closed: 6/10/1985
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FHWA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FHWA
Date: 6/10/1985
Response:

From: FHWA
To: NTSB
Date: 11/9/1984
Response: FHWA LTR: A CHECKLIST FOR BRIDGE INSPECTORS WAS DEVELOPED IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE BRIDGE INSPECTOR'S TRAINING MANUAL. THE CHECKLIST HAS BEEN MADE AVAILABLE TO ALL INTERESTED STATES INCE 1971. IT HAS BEEN ROUTINELY HANDED OUT DURING FHWA TRAINING COURSES FOR BRIDGE INSPECTORS AND WILL AGAIN BE DISTRIBUTED TO ALL STATES IN 1985.