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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation H-17-043
Details
Synopsis: At 4:36 p.m. eastern daylight time on Saturday, May 7, 2016, a 2015 Tesla Model S 70D car, traveling eastbound on US Highway 27A (US-27A) west of Williston, Florida, struck a semitrailer powered by a 2014 Freightliner Cascadia truck tractor. At the time of the collision, the truck was making a left turn from westbound US 27A across the two eastbound travel lanes onto NE 140th Court, a local paved road. The car struck the right side of the semitrailer, crossed underneath it, and then went off the right roadside at a shallow angle. Impact with the underside of the semitrailer sheared off the roof of the car. After leaving the roadway, the car continued through a drainage culvert and two wire fences. It then struck and broke a utility pole, rotated counterclockwise, and came to rest perpendicular to the highway in the front yard of a private residence. Meanwhile, the truck continued across the intersection and came to a stop on NE 140th Court, south of a retail business located on the intersection corner. The driver and sole occupant of the car died in the crash; the commercial truck driver was not injured.
Recommendation: TO THE ALLIANCE OF AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURERS AND TO THE ASSOCIATION OF GLOBAL AUTOMAKERS: Notify your members of the importance of incorporating system safeguards that limit the use of automated vehicle control systems to those conditions for which they were designed.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Open - Initial Response Received
Mode: Highway
Location: Williston, FL, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: HWY16FH018
Accident Reports: Preliminary Report, ​Highway HWY16FH018Collision Between a Car Operating With Automated Vehicle Control Systems and a Tractor-Semitrailer Truck Near Williston, Florida May 7, 2016
Report #: HAR-17-02
Accident Date: 5/7/2016
Issue Date: 9/28/2017
Date Closed:
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers (Open - Await Response)
Association of Global Automakers, Inc. (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers
Date: 11/13/2017
Response: The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has reviewed the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) notice of public availability and request for comments concerning the guidance document “Automated Driving Systems: A Vision for Safety,” published at 82 Federal Register 178, September 15, 2017. As a result of the Williston crash investigation, the NTSB issued multiple safety recommendations addressing the need to incorporate system safeguards to limit the use of automated vehicle control systems to those conditions for which they were designed. The NTSB also recommended that both the US Department of Transportation and NHTSA define the data parameters that must be recorded by vehicles operating with automated control systems of any level. We further recommended the establishment of reporting requirements for automated vehicles addressing incidents, crashes, and vehicle miles traveled with automated systems enabled. Finally, the NTSB recommended that manufacturers of Level 2 automated vehicle systems incorporate safeguards to limit system operations to their intended domains, and develop more effective applications to sense the driver’s degree of engagement with the driving task.

From: NTSB
To: Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers
Date: 9/28/2017
Response: The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is an independent federal agency charged by Congress with investigating every civil aviation accident in the United States and significant accidents in other modes of transportation—railroad, highway, marine, and pipeline. We determine the probable cause of the accidents and issue safety recommendations aimed at preventing future accidents. In addition, we carry out special studies concerning transportation safety and coordinate the resources of the federal government and other organizations to provide assistance to victims and their family members affected by major transportation disasters. On September 12, 2017, the NTSB adopted its report Collision Between a Car Operating With Automated Vehicle Control Systems and a Tractor-Semitrailer Truck Near Williston, Florida, May 7, 2016, NTSB/HAR-17/02. The details of this accident investigation and the resulting safety recommendations may be found in the attached report, which can also be accessed at http://www.ntsb.gov. Among the Safety Recommendations is one issued to the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, which can be found on page 44 of the report. The NTSB is vitally interested in this recommendation because it is designed to prevent accidents and save lives. We would appreciate a response within 90 days, detailing the actions you have taken or intend to take to implement this recommendation. When replying, please refer to the safety recommendation by number.

From: NTSB
To: Association of Global Automakers, Inc.
Date: 3/26/2018
Response: We are pleased that you shared our report, findings, and safety recommendations with your members to encourage them to safely implement automated driving systems. This action satisfies Safety Recommendation H-17-43, which is classified CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION. Thank you for your continued efforts to improve vehicle safety.

From: Association of Global Automakers, Inc.
To: NTSB
Date: 12/22/2017
Response: -From Steve Gehring, Vice President of Vehicle Safety and Connected Automation: The Association of Global Automakers responds to the National Transportation Safety Board’s September 12, 2017, Recommendation (H-17-43) that we notify our members on the importance of systems safeguards that limit the use of automated vehicle control systems to those conditions for which they were designed. Automated vehicles present significant opportunities for improvements in safety, efficiency, and mobility. With over 37,000 fatalities on U.S. roadways in 2016, it is important that we identify how technology can be implemented to help address the 94% of crashes attributable to driver behavior. With manufacturers making significant investments in the research and development of highly automated vehicle technology, there are several key safety elements that can be taken into consideration. These include: the operational design domain or conditions where an automated vehicle is intended to operate, the ability to detect and respond to the surrounding environment, and human factors and driver education considerations with respect to how consumers will interact with new technology. Safety is a key component for ensuring consumer trust and encouraging the adoption of new technology. While highly automated vehicles have the potential to produce significant benefits, vehicles where the driver is still in the loop can also help address safety. As our members are investing in the development of these partial or conditional automated driving systems, we have shared the NTSB Report, findings, and recommendations with them. Automated vehicle deployment is an important issue, and with the right policy frameworks in place to encourage innovation, we believe automation will help address a number of the safety challenges we encounter on our roadways today. Thank you for the opportunity to respond to the NTSB recommendation. Please contact me if you have any questions.

From: NTSB
To: Association of Global Automakers, Inc.
Date: 11/13/2017
Response: The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has reviewed the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) notice of public availability and request for comments concerning the guidance document “Automated Driving Systems: A Vision for Safety,” published at 82 Federal Register 178, September 15, 2017. As a result of the Williston crash investigation, the NTSB issued multiple safety recommendations addressing the need to incorporate system safeguards to limit the use of automated vehicle control systems to those conditions for which they were designed. The NTSB also recommended that both the US Department of Transportation and NHTSA define the data parameters that must be recorded by vehicles operating with automated control systems of any level. We further recommended the establishment of reporting requirements for automated vehicles addressing incidents, crashes, and vehicle miles traveled with automated systems enabled. Finally, the NTSB recommended that manufacturers of Level 2 automated vehicle systems incorporate safeguards to limit system operations to their intended domains, and develop more effective applications to sense the driver’s degree of engagement with the driving task.

From: NTSB
To: Association of Global Automakers, Inc.
Date: 9/28/2017
Response: The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is an independent federal agency charged by Congress with investigating every civil aviation accident in the United States and significant accidents in other modes of transportation—railroad, highway, marine, and pipeline. We determine the probable cause of the accidents and issue safety recommendations aimed at preventing future accidents. In addition, we carry out special studies concerning transportation safety and coordinate the resources of the federal government and other organizations to provide assistance to victims and their family members affected by major transportation disasters. On September 12, 2017, the NTSB adopted its report Collision Between a Car Operating With Automated Vehicle Control Systems and a Tractor-Semitrailer Truck Near Williston, Florida, May 7, 2016, NTSB/HAR-17/02. The details of this accident investigation and the resulting safety recommendations may be found in the attached report, which can also be accessed at http://www.ntsb.gov. Among the Safety Recommendations is one issued to the Association of Global Automakers, which can be found on page 44 of the report. The NTSB is vitally interested in this recommendation because it is designed to prevent accidents and save lives. We would appreciate a response within 90 days, detailing the actions you have taken or intend to take to implement this recommendation. When replying, please refer to the safety recommendation by number.