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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-97-090
Details
Synopsis: About 1638 eastern daylight time, on 10/19/96, a McDonnell Douglas MD-88, N914dl, operated by Delta Airlines, Inc., as Flight 554, struck the approach light structure and the end of the runway deck during the approach to land on runway 13 at the LaGuardia airport, in Flushing, New York. Flight 554 was being operated under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 121, as a scheduled, domestic passenger flight from Atlanta, Georgia, to Flushing. The flight departed the Williams B. Hartsfield International Airport in Atlanta Georgia, about 1441, with two flightcrew members, three flight attendants, and 58 passengers on board. Three passengers reported minor injuries; no injuries were reported by the remaining 60 occupants. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the lower fuselage, wings (including slats and flaps), main landing gear, and both engines. Instrument meteorological conditions prevailed for the approach to runway 13; flight 554 was operating on an instrument flight rules flight plan.
Recommendation: TO THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: Require all 14 CFR Part 121 and 135 air carriers to make their pilots aware (through specific training, placards, or other means) of the type of vertical speed info (instantaneous/non-instantaneous) provided by the vertical speed indicators installed in their airplanes, and to make them aware of the ramifications that type of info could have on their perception of their flight situation.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: FLUSHING, NY, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: NYC97MA005
Accident Reports: Descent Below Visual Glidepath and Collision with Terrain Delta Air Lines Flight 554 McDonnell Douglas MD-88, N914DL
Report #: AAR-97-03
Accident Date: 10/19/1996
Issue Date: 8/29/1997
Date Closed: 11/20/1998
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Flightcrew, Training and Education

Safety Recommendation History
From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 11/26/1998
Response: IN NOVEMBER 1997, FAA SAID IT WOULD REVIEW ITS GUIDANCE. BASED ON THAT REVIEW FAA SAID IT ISSUED A FIGHT STANDARDS INFO BULLETIN THAT REEMPHASIZE IMPORTANT SAFETY INFO ABOUT THE USE OF VERTICAL SPEED INDICATORS DURING APPROACHES & DIRECTS POIS OF 14 CFR PARTS 121 & 135 AIR CARRIERS TO ENSURE THAT THEIR CARRIERS INFORM THEIR PILOTS ABOUT THE INFO CONTAINED IN THE BULLETIN. THE FAA FURTHER STATED THAT OPERATORS WILL BE INSTRUCTED TO PROVIDE THIS INFO IN A MANNER THAT ENSURES THAT PILOTS ARE AWARE OF THE IMPACT THAT VERTICAL SPEED INDICATOR INFO CAN HAVE ON THEIR PERCEPTIONS OF VERTICAL SPEED.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 11/20/1998
Response: A-97-90 ASKED THE FAA TO REQUIRE ALL 14 CFR PARTS 121 &135 AIR CARRIERS TO MAKE THEIR PILOTS AWARE(THROUGH SPECIFIC TRAINING, PLACARDS, OR OTHER MEANS) OF THE TYPE OF VERTICAL SPEED INFO (INSTANTANEOUS/NON-INSTANTANEOUS) PROVIDED BY THE VERTICAL SPEED INDICATORS INSTALLED IN THEIR AIRPLANES, & TO MAKE THEM AWARE OF THE RAMIFICATIONS THAT TYPE OF INFO COULD HAVE ON THEIR RECEPTION OF THEIR FLIGHT SITUATION. BASED ON THE FAA'S ACTIONS, A-97-90 IS CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION."

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/17/1998
Response: The FAA has stated that it is reviewing its guidance material to determine if the information contained in this safety recommendation has already been provided to 14 CFR Part 121 and 135 operators. If the information is not already contained in FAA guidance, the FAA will issue a flight standards handbook bulletin to address the specific intent of this safety recommendation. Pending the results of the review, the Safety Board classifies Safety Recommendation A-97-90 "Open--Acceptable Response."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 6/26/1998
Response: On April 23, 1998, the FAA issued Flight Standards Information Bulletin for Air Transportation 98-10, Vertical Speed Indicator Knowledge Needed By Pilots. The bulletin reemphasizes important safety information about the use of vertical speed indicators during approaches and directs POI's of 14 CFR Parts 121 and 135 air carriers to ensure that their air carriers inform their pilots about the information contained in the bulletin. The operators will be instructed to provide this information in a manner that ensures that pilots are aware of the impact that vertical speed indicator information can have on their perceptions of vertical speed. I have enclosed a copy of the bulletin for the Board's information. I consider the FAA's action to be completed on this safety recommendation, and I plan no further action.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 11/13/1997
Response: The FAA is reviewing its guidance material to determine if the information contained in this safety recommendation has already been provided to 14 CFR Parts 121 and 135 operators. If the information is not already contained in FAA guidance, the FAA will issue a flight standards handbook bulletin to address the specific intent of this safety recommendation. I will keep the Board informed of the FAA's progress on this safety recommendation.