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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-97-085
Details
Synopsis: About 1638 eastern daylight time, on 10/19/96, a McDonnell Douglas MD-88, N914dl, operated by Delta Airlines, Inc., as Flight 554, struck the approach light structure and the end of the runway deck during the approach to land on runway 13 at the LaGuardia airport, in Flushing, New York. Flight 554 was being operated under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 121, as a scheduled, domestic passenger flight from Atlanta, Georgia, to Flushing. The flight departed the Williams B. Hartsfield International Airport in Atlanta Georgia, about 1441, with two flightcrew members, three flight attendants, and 58 passengers on board. Three passengers reported minor injuries; no injuries were reported by the remaining 60 occupants. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the lower fuselage, wings (including slats and flaps), main landing gear, and both engines. Instrument meteorological conditions prevailed for the approach to runway 13; flight 554 was operating on an instrument flight rules flight plan.
Recommendation: TO THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: Require all 14 CFR Part 121 and 135 operators to review and revise their company operations manuals to more clearly delineate flightcrew member (pilot flying/pilot not flying) duties and responsibilities for various phases of flight, and to more clearly define terms that are critical for safety of flight decisionmaking, such as "stabilized approach."
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: FLUSHING, NY, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: NYC97MA005
Accident Reports: Descent Below Visual Glidepath and Collision with Terrain Delta Air Lines Flight 554 McDonnell Douglas MD-88, N914DL
Report #: AAR-97-03
Accident Date: 10/19/1996
Issue Date: 8/29/1997
Date Closed: 11/20/1998
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 11/20/1998
Response: A-97-85 ASKED THE FAA TO REQUIRE ALL 14 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS (CFR) PARTS 121 & 135 OPERATORS TO REVIEW & REVISE THEIR COMPANY OPERATIONS MANUALS TO MORE CLEARLY DELINEATE FLIGHTCREW MEMBER (PILOT FLYING/PILOT NOT FLYING) DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES FOR VARIOUS PHASES OF FLIGHT, & TO MORE CLEARLY DEFINE TERMS THAT ARE CRITICAL FOR SAFETY OF FLIGHT DECISIONMAKING, SUCH AS "STABLIZIED APPROACH." BASED ON THE FAA'S ACTIONS, A-97-85 IS CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 6/26/1998
Response: IN NOVEMBER 1997, FAA SAID IT WOULD REVIEW ITS GUIDANCE ON STABILIZED APPROACHES TO ASSESS FUTURE ACTION. IN ITS 6/26/98, LETTER THE FAA STATED THAT IT ISSUED A FLIGHT STANDARDS HANDBOOK BULLETIN DIRECTING PRINCIPAL OPERATIONS INSPECTORS (POI) WITH CERTIFICATE MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILITY TO REVIEW THEIR OPERATORS, TRAINING & OPERATIONS MANUALS TO ENSURE THAT THE CONCEPT OF STABILIZED APPROACH CONFIGURATIONS IS ADDRESSED. POIS WERE ALSO DIRECTED TO ENSURE THAT THEIR OPERATORS' TRAINING & OPERATIONS MANUALS CONTAIN CRITERIA FOR THE STABILIZED APPROACH AS REFERENCE IN A FAA ORDER; & TO ENSURE THAT MANUALS CONTAIN MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS & IMMEDIATE ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN IF STABILIZED APPROACH CONDITIONS ARE NOT MET, & EACH PILOT'S FLYING & NONFLYING RESPONSIBILITIES DURING APPROACH PHASE OF FLIGHT.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 11/13/1997
Response: The FAA is reviewing its guidance material to determine if the information contained in this safety recommendation has already been provided to 14 CFR Parts 121 and 135 operators. If the information is not already contained in FAA guidance, the FAA will issue a flight standards handbook bulletin to address the specific intent of this recommendation. I will keep the Board informed of the FAA's progress on this safety recommendation.