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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-97-077
Details
Synopsis: On 5/11/96, about 1415 eastern daylight time, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 crashed into the everglades swamp shortly after takeoff from Miami International Airport, Miami Florida, the airplane, N904VJ, was operated by ValuJet Airlines, Inc., as ValuJet flight 592. Both pilots, the three flight attendants, and all 105 passengers were killed. Before the accident, the flightcrew reported to air traffic control that it was experiencing smoke in the cabin and cockpit. Visual meteorological conditions existed in the Miami area at the time of the takeoff. The destination of the flight was Hartsfield International Airport, Atlanta, Georgia. Flight 592 was on an instrument flight rules flight plan.
Recommendation: TO THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: Instruct principal operations inspectors to review their air carriers' procedures for manifesting passengers, including lap children, and ensure that those procedures result in a retrievable record of each passenger's name.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Miami, FL, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA96MA054
Accident Reports: In-Flight Fire and Impact With Terrain Valujet Airlines Flight 592 DC-9-32, N904VJ
Report #: AAR-97-06
Accident Date: 5/11/1996
Issue Date: 9/9/1997
Date Closed: 7/23/1999
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Passenger Manifests

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 7/23/1999
Response: BECAUSE THE FAA'S ACTIONS MEET THE INTENT OF A-97-77, IT IS CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 4/22/1998
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 4/28/98 11:00:03 AM MC# 980533: On February 13, 1998, the FAA issued Flight Standards Handbook Bulletin for Air Transportation 98-04, Emphasis on Load Manifest. This bulletin directs all principal operations inspectors to ensure that their assigned certificate holders are in compliance with existing regulations and guidance relating to the preparation of a load manifest. The bulletin directs inspectors to remind their certificate holders that the load manifest must include, at the time of takeoff, the names of passengers (unless the passenger names are maintained by some other means). The term "passenger," as used throughout the Federal Aviation Regulations, means any passenger regardless of age. I have enclosed a copy of the bulletin for the Board's information. I consider the FAA's action to be completed on this safety recommendation, and I plan no further action.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 11/17/1997
Response: Air Carrier Operations Bulletin (ACOB) 8-91-2, Accident Notification and Manifest Accounting Procedures, and 14 CFR 121.693 address the intent of this safety recommendation. Section 121.693 states, in part, that all certificate holders are required to prepare a load manifest that includes, at the time of takeoff, the names of passengers (unless the passenger names are maintained by some other means). The term "passenger," as used throughout the Federal Aviation Regulations, means any passenger regardless of age. A copy of the ACOB is enclosed for the Board's information. In further response to this safety recommendation, the FAA will issue a flight standards information bulletin to bring this matter to the attention of all principal operations inspectors and to direct them to ensure that their assigned certificate holders are in compliance with the existing regulation and guidance. It is anticipated that the bulletin will be issued in November 1997. I will provide the Board with a copy of the bulletin as soon as it is issued.