Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content
Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-96-026
Details
Synopsis: ON 5/11/96, ABOUT 1415 EASTERN DAYLIGHT TIME, A MCDONNELL DOUGLAS DC-9-32 CRASHED INTO THE EVERGLADES SWAMP SHORTLY AFTER TAKEOFF FROM MIAMI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, MIAMI FLORIDA, THE AIRPLANE, N904VJ, WAS OPERATED BY VALUJET AIRLINES, INC., AS VALUJET FLIGHT FLIGHT 592. BOTH PILOTS, THE THREE FLIGHT ATTENDANTS, AND ALL 105 PASSENGERS WERE KILLED. BEFORE THE ACCIDENT, THE FLIGHTCREW REPORTED TO AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL THAT IT WAS EXPERIENCING SMOKE IN THE CABIN AND COCKPIT. VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS EXISTED IN THE MIAMI AREA AT THE TIME OF THE TAKEOFF. THE DESTINATION OF THE FLIGHT WAS HARTSFIELD INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, ATLANTA, GEORGIA. FLIGHT 592 WAS ON AN INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES FLIGHT PLAN.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FAA: REQUIRE ALL AIR CARRIERS, BASED ON THE EVALUATION PERFORMED UNDER A-96-25, TO REVISE AS NECESSARY THEIR PRACTICES AND TRAINING FOR ACCEPTING PASSENGER BAGGAGE AND FREIGHT SHIPMENTS AND FOR IDENTIFYING UNDECLARED OR UNAUTHORIZED HAZARDOUS MATERIALS THAT ARE OFFERED FOR TRANSPORT. (URGENT)
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Miami, FL, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA96MA054
Accident Reports: In-Flight Fire and Impact With Terrain Valujet Airlines Flight 592 DC-9-32, N904VJ
Report #: AAR-97-06
Accident Date: 5/11/1996
Issue Date: 5/31/1996
Date Closed: 3/16/2006
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Cargo,Hazmat,Training and Education

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/16/2006
Response: The Safety Board notes that on October 7, 2005, the FAA published its final rule to revise 14 Code of Federal Regulations Parts 119, 121, 135, and 145, "Hazardous Materials Training Requirements." The rule amends the current air carrier hazardous materials manual requirements and training requirements and mandates that repair stations provide documentation showing that personnel handling hazardous materials have been trained as required by the Department of Transportation's Hazardous Materials Regulations. Issuance of this final rule meets the intent of Safety Recommendations A-96-26 and A-97-73, which are classified "Closed-Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 11/17/2005
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 11/30/2005 11:34:28 AM MC# 2050551 Marion C. Blakey, Administrator, FAA, 11/17/05 The Federal Aviation Administration published its final rule on October 7, 2005, to revise 14 CFR Parts 119, 121, 135, and 145 Hazardous Materials Training Requirements. The final rule amends the current air carrier hazardous material manual requirements and training requirements for certain air carrier and commercial operators. The final rule also requires that certain repair stations provide documentation showing that persons handling hazardous materials for transportation have been trained as required by the Department of Transportation's Hazardous Materials Regulations. The final rule sets clear hazardous materials training standards and ensures uniform compliance with hazardous materials training requirements. I have enclosed a copy of the final rule for the Board's information. I believe that the FAA has satisfactorily responded to these safety recommendations, and I look forward to your response.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 2/28/2005
Response: In its 2/28/2005 report to Congress, "Open Statutory Mandates Regarding Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety," the DOT wrote: NPRM published on May 8, 2003. Final rule was drafted and sent to the office of the Secretary of Transportation (OST) for clearance. FAA is incorporating OST’s amendments and will issue it by March 31, 2005.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 7/1/2003
Response: Notation 6704C: The National Transportation Safety Board has reviewed the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA’s) notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM), “Hazardous Materials Training Requirements,” Docket No. FAA-2003-15085, which was published at 68 Federal Register 24811 on May 8, 2003. The Board notes that the proposed rulemaking addresses issues that pertain to Safety Recommendations A-96-26 and A-97-73, which were issued as a result of the Safety Board’s investigation of the crash of ValuJet flight 592 in the Florida Everglades on May 11, 1996. Safety Recommendation A-96-26 called for the FAA to require all air carriers, based on the results of a previously completed evaluation, to revise as necessary their practices and training for accepting passenger baggage and freight shipments and for identifying undeclared or unauthorized hazardous materials that are offered for transport. The Safety Board notes that the proposed new rule would amend the operating requirements and standardize hazardous materials training requirements for all passenger air carriers regulated under 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 121 (passenger air carriers operating aircraft with 60 or more seats) and 14 CFR Part 135 (passenger air carriers operating aircraft with fewer than 60 seats). According to the NPRM, if the proposed rule is adopted, each Part 121 and Part 135 carrier will be required to specifically state in its operations manual whether the carrier will carry hazardous materials. The carrier will then be required to train its employees who perform or supervise transportation-related functions, such as flight and cabin crews, baggage handlers, and ticket agents. The proposed rule would also establish separate training curricula for both “will carry” and “will not carry” carriers. The rule would specify the required topics and subject matter to be addressed under each curriculum and would require that employees in specific job functions complete specific training modules covering such topics as company material (COMAT), packaging, marking and labeling, and hidden dangerous goods. The Safety Board notes that the FAA also proposes to require that the operations manuals for each Part 121 and Part 135 carrier include procedures and information regarding the identification and/or rejection of packages that show signs of containing undeclared hazardous materials. The Safety Board supports these training proposals and believes that their implementation will be a significant safety improvement. The Board notes that the proposed training requirements would apply only to passenger air carriers. The FAA confirmed to Safety Board staff that the proposed requirements would not apply to cargo-only carriers or to the cargo-only operations of passenger carriers. Under the U.S. Department of Transportation Hazardous Materials Regulations (49 CFR Parts 171-180), any carrier (regardless of mode) that transports hazardous materials is required to provide hazardous materials training to its employees who perform transportation-related functions. However, because of their intermodal nature, the Hazardous Materials Regulations do not specify the required subject areas for training and are more generic than the proposed requirements in the NPRM. Consequently, although cargo-only carriers and the cargo-only operations of passenger carriers may already have hazardous materials training programs in place, the specific training requirements in this proposed rulemaking for passenger air carrier operations would benefit air cargo-only operations by establishing specific training curricula. Also, the Hazardous Materials Regulations do not require an air carrier that elects not to transport hazardous materials to provide hazardous materials awareness and recognition training. By extending the proposed rulemaking’s requirements to all air carriers, “will not carry” cargo carriers would be required to provide hazardous materials awareness and recognition training. Therefore, the Safety Board suggests that all cargo carriers and the cargo-only operations of any passenger carriers be subject to comparable standards. Safety Recommendation A-97-73 called for the FAA to require air carriers to ensure that maintenance facility personnel, including mechanics and shipping, receiving, and stores personnel, at air carrier-operated or subcontracted facilities are provided initial and recurrent training in hazardous materials handling. The recommendation specified that this training should cover hazardous materials recognition and the proper labeling, packaging, and shipment procedures with respect to the specific items of hazardous materials that are handled as a result of the carrier’s maintenance functions. The Safety Board notes that the proposed rule would establish explicit training requirements in 14 CFR Part 145 for FAA-certified repair stations. The Safety Board believes that the inclusion of the proposed requirement in 14 CFR Part 145 will greatly enhance the likelihood that repair stations will provide appropriate hazardous materials training for their employees. The proposed rule would also require that an air carrier inform the repair station whether it is a “will carry” or “will not carry” carrier and would require that the repair station provide this information to its employees. The Safety Board also supports these additional requirements and believes that all of the proposed changes to Part 145 are responsive to Safety Recommendation A-97-73. The Safety Board appreciates the opportunity to comment on this proposed rulemaking.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/8/2003
Response: "NTSB(SR-10) staff noted that FAA published NPRM in Federal Register this date proposing new Hazardous Materials Training Requirements for Part 121 and 135 air carriers and part 145 repair stations. Cutoff date for comments is July 7, 2003. Proposed implementation schedule is 15 months after publishing final rule."

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 7/13/1999
Response: AS NOTED IN ITS 8/1/97, LETTER, THE SAFETY BOARD WOULD PREFER THAT ALL AIR CARRIER PROGRAMS BE EVALUATED IN THIS VERY CRITICAL AREA. HOWEVER, A REVIEW OF THE HAZMAT PROCEDURE MANUALS PRODUCED BY THE FAA AS A RESULT OF THEIR ANALYSIS INDICATES THAT, WHEN APPLIED TO ALL CARRIERS, THERE SHOULD BE A SIGNIFICANT IMPROVEMENT IN SAFETY. IT IS OUR UNDERSTANDING THAT ANY AIR CARRIER THAT TRANSPORTS HAZMAT AS EITHER "WILL CARRY," OR "WILL NOT CARRY," CERTIFICATE HOLDERS MUST HAVE THE APPROPRIATE PRINCIPAL OPERATIONS INSPECTOR APPROVE AND INSPECT ITS OPERATIONS, AS NOTED IN THE OPERATIONS MANUAL. BECAUSE THE FAA'S RANDOM SAMPLING PROVIDED ADEQUATE DATA TO DETERMINE HOW AIR CARRIERS' HAZMAT PRACTICES AND TRAINING NEEDED TO BE REVISED, A-96-25 IS CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATE ACTION." PENDING COMPLETION OF THE FAA'S PROPOSED ACTIONS RESULTING FROM THIS DATA, A-96-26 IS CLASSIFIED "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 2/22/1999
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 3/1/99 13:06:18 PM MC# 990183: The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has developed and distributed a standardized hazmat procedures manual with training guidelines for "will not carry" certificate holders and a corresponding manual for "will carry" certificate holders. These manuals provide guidance and establish a model program to ensure that those certificate holders who adopt the program are in compliance with 49 CFR Parts 171 through 180. Both manuals are advisory in nature and contain guidance to assist air carriers in training personnel in the recognition of dangerous goods. I have enclosed copies of the manuals for the Board's information. The FAA is also developing changes to make 14 CFR Parts 121 and 135 hazmat training requirements for certificate holders with a "will not carry" hazmat program consistent with guidelines contained in the hazmat procedures manual described above. These changes would clarify existing language in both 14 CFR Parts 121, 125, and 135 to the effect that "will not carry" certificate holders would be required to provide hazmat recognition training to persons under the operational control of the certificate holder. This would include baggage handlers, cargo loaders, and contractors who provide such services. I will keep the Board apprised of the FAA's progress on this safety recommendation.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 6/3/1998
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 6/8/98 3:43:00 PM MC# 980734 THE FAA HAS DEVELOPED AND DISTRIBUTED A STANDARDIZED HAZMAT PROCEDURES MANUAL WITH TRAINING GUIDELINES FOR "WILL NOT CARRY" CERTIFICATE HOLDERS AND A CORRESPONDING MANUAL FOR "WILL CARRY" CERTIFICATE HOLDERS. THESE MANUALS PROVIDE GUIDANCE AND ESTABLISH A MODEL PROGRAM TO ENSURE THAT THOSE CERTIFICATE HOLDERS WHO ADOPT THE PROGRAM ARE IN COMPLIANCE WITH 49 CFR PARTS 171 THROUGH 180. BOTH MANUALS ARE ADVISORY IN NATURE AND CONTAIN GUIDANCE TO ASSIST AIR CARRIERS IN TRAINING PERSONNEL IN THE RECOGNITION OF DANGEROUS GOODS. I HAVE ENCLOSED COPIES OF THE MANUALS FOR THE BOARD'S INFORMATION. THE FAA IS ALSO DEVELOPING CHANGES TO MAKE 14 CFR PARTS 121 AND 135 HAZMAT TRAINING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATE HOLDERS WITH A "WILL NOT CARRY" HAZMAT PROGRAM CONSISTENT WITH GUIDELINES CONTAINED IN THE HAZMAT PROCEDURES MANUAL DESCRIBED ABOVE. THESE CHANGES WOULD CLARIFY EXISTING LANGUAGE IN BOTH 14 CFR PARTS 121, 125, AND 135 TO THE EFFECT THAT "WILL NOT CARRY" CERTIFICATE HOLDERS WOULD BE REQUIRED TO PROVIDE HAZMAT RECOGNITION TRAINING TO PERSONS UNDER THE OPERATIONAL CONTROL OF THE CERTIFICATE HOLDER. THIS WOULD INCLUDE BAGGAGE HANDLERS, CARGO LOADERS, AND CONTRACTORS WHO PROVIDE SUCH SERVICES.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/1/1997
Response: THE BOARD UNDERSTANDS THAT THE FAA IS COMMITTED TO REVISING, AS NECESSARY, ANY PRACTICES AND TRAINING FOR ACCEPTING PASSENGER BAGGAGE AND FREIGHT SHIPMENTS DETERMINED TO BE INADEQUATE, BASED ON THE EVALUATIONS PERFORMED UNDER A-96-25 WE URGE THE FAA TO EXPEDITE ITS EFFORTS WITH THE AIR CARRIERS ALREADY EVALUATED AND TO CONTINUALLY EXPAND ITS PROGRAM AS FAA STAFF COMPLETE OTHER EVALUATIONS. THE BOARD ALSO NOTES THAT THE FAA HAS INITIATED A NUMBER OF OTHER MEASURES TO ADDRESS UNDECLARED HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INDEPENDENT OF THE REVIEW AND REVISION OF AIR CARRIERS' PRACTICES AND TRAINING. SOME OF THE INITIATIVES INCLUDE INCREASING THE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INSPECTION STAFF, PRODUCING A TRAINING VIDEO, AND DEVELOPING A DATA BASE TO HELP IDENTIFY PROBLEM AREAS. PENDING COMPLETION OF THE EVALUATION AND REVISION PROCESS RECOMMENDATION A-96-26 REMAINS CLASSIFIED "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/13/1997
Response: THE FAA HAS COMPLETED PHASE I OF ITS EVALUATION & REVIEWED 215 AIR CARRIERS CERTIFIED UNDER 14 CFR PARTS 121, 125, AND 135. THE 215 AIR CARRIERS SURVEYED INCLUDED THOSE THAT ACCEPT HAZARDOUS MATERIALS FOR TRANSPORTATION AND THOSE THAT DO NOT. THE FAA HAS INITIATED PHASE II OF THE EVAUATION WHICH CONSISTS OF A FOLLOW-UP FIELD INSPECTION OF THOSE CARRIERS TO VERIFY THAT THE AIR CARRIERS WHICH HAVE PROCEDURE CONSISTS OF A FOLLOW-UP FIELD INSPECTION OF THOSE CARRIERS TO VERIFY THAT THE AIR CARRIERS WHICH HAVE PROCEDURES IN THEIR MANUALS ARE FOLLOWING THESE PROCEDURES. IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT PHASE II WILL BE COMPLETED BY 5/1/97. BASED ON THE OUTCOME OF PHASE II, THE FAA WILL HAVE ALL OF THE NECESSARY INFO TO RECOMMEND APPROPRIATE ACTIONS TO CORRECT ANY NOTED DEFICIENCIES AND TO ADDRESS THE ISSUES OUTLINED IN THESE RECOMMENDATIONS. IN THE MEANTIME, HOWEVER, THE FAA HAS TAKEN A NUMBER OF ACTIONS TO IMPROVE PROCEDURES FOR IDENTIFYING UNDECLARED HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, PARTICULARLY THOSE THAT ARE CARRIED IN COMAT. THE FAA HAS: LAUNCHED A NEW DANGEROUS GOODS & CARGO SECURITY PROGRAM, WITH $13 MILLION IN FUNDING. THE NEW PROGRAM RECEIVED APPROVAL FOR 118 FULL-TIME DANGEROUS GOODS/CARGO SECURITY FAA INSPECTORS AND 12 ATTORNEY POSITIONS. HIRING AND TRAINING ARE ON TARGET, AND THE FIRST INTENSIVE AIR CARRIER INSPECTIONS BEGAN ON 2/1/97. THE INSPECTION AND INSPECTION/INCIDENT DATA BASE TO PROVIDE TREND ANALYSIS FOR TARGETING INSPECTION AND OUTREACH EFFORTS TO DETER AND INTERDICT UNAUTHORIZED SHIPMENTS OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. ANNOUNCED ITS POLICY TO THE SHIPPING COMMUNITY OF PUBLICIZING PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY CASES OVER $50,000 WHERE PARTICULARLY DANGEROUS SHIPMENTS WERE INVOLVED. TO DATE, TWO SUCH VIOLATIONS WERE PUBLICIZED. PROPOSED A CLARIFICATION IN THE "HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION SAFETY REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 1997" OF THE FAA'S AUTHORITY TO OPEN SUSPECT PACKAGES WHEN THERE IS A REASONABLE BELIEF THAT THE PACKAGE CONTAINS A HAZARDOUS MATERIAL. IN COOPERATION WITH RSPA, PRODUCED A TRAINING VIDEO TO PROVIDE GUIDANCE FOR AIR CARRIERS AND SHIPPERS, EMPHASIZING THEIR LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES FOR SAFE PREPARATION AND TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. IN CONJUNCTION WITH RSPA, DESIGNED AND DEVELOPED A PASSENGER INFO BROCHURE ENTITLED "THESE FLY, THESE MAY NOT." THE BROCHURE PROVIDES INFO REGARDING RESTRICTED HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. OVER 5 MILLION COPIES WERE DISTRIBUTED TO PASSENGERS, TRAVEL AGENCIES, SHIPPERS, U.S. AND FOREIGN AIR CARRIERS, AND MULTINATIONAL CHEMICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL MANUFACTURERS. ASSISTED THE AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION IN DEVELOPING AND PRESENTING ITS HAZMAT/COMAT WORKSHOP. THE WORKSHOP WAS ATTENDED BY 200 AIR CARRIER, FREIGHT FORWARDER, AND SHIPPER PERSONNEL. THE FAA IS TAKING ADDITIONAL INITIATIVES TO ADDRESS THE TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, SPECIFICALLY THE FAA IS: DEVELOPING PROTOCOLS FOR MORE AGGRESSIVE INSPECTION OF REPAIR STATIONS AND FREIGHT FORWARDERS. THE FAA PLANS TO IMPLEMENT THE PROTOCOLS AT REPAIR STATIONS BY AUGUST 1997 AND AT FREIGHT FORWARDERS BY SEPTEMBER 1997. THE FAA IS DEVELOPING CORRESPONDING DATA BASES FOR THE INSPECTIONS. INCREASING INTRAMODAL AND INTERMODAL TREND ANALYSES TO IDENTIFY PROBLEM AREAS AND DETERMINE CORRECTIVE ACTIONS. THE FAA WILL KEEP THE BOARD APPRISED OF THE FAA'S PROGRESS ON THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 3/24/1997
Response: THE FAA HAS COMPLETED PHASE I OF ITS EVALUATION AND REVIEWED 215 AIR CARRIERS CERTIFIED UNDER 14 CFR PARTS 121, 125, AND 135. THE 215 AIR CARRIERS SURVEYED INCLUDED THOSE THAT ACCEPT HAZARDOUS MATERIALS FOR TRANSPORTATION AND THOSE THAT DO NOT. THE FAA HAS INITIATED PHASE II OF THE EVAUATION WHICH CONSISTS OF A FOLLOW-UP FIELD INSPECTION OF THOSE CARRIERS TO VERIFY THAT THE AIR CARRIERS WHICH HAVE PROCEDURE CONSISTS OF A FOLLOW-UP FIELD INSPECTION OF THOSE CARRIERS TO VERIFY THAT THE AIR CARRIERS WHICH HAVE PROCEDURES IN THEIR MANUALS ARE FOLLOWING THESE PROCEDURES. IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT PHASE II WILL BE COMPLETED BY 5/1/97. BASED ON THE OUTCOME OF PHASE II, THE FAA WILL HAVE ALL OF THE NECESSARY INFO TO RECOMMEND APPROPRIATE ACTIONS TO CORRECT ANY NOTED DEFICIENCIES AND TO ADDRESS THE ISSUES OUTLINED IN THESE RECOMMENDATIONS. IN THE MEANTIME, HOWEVER, THE FAA HAS TAKEN A NUMBER OF ACTIONS TO IMPROVE PROCEDURES FOR IDENTIFYING UNDECLARED HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, PARTICULARLY THOSE THAT ARE CARRIED IN COMAT. THE FAA HAS: LAUNCHED A NEW DANGEROUS GOODS AND CARGO SECURITY PROGRAM, WITH $13 MILLION IN FUNDING. THE NEW PROGRAM RECEIVED APPROVAL FOR 118 FULL-TIME DANGEROUS GOODS/CARGO SECURITY FAA INSPECTORS AND 12 ATTORNEY POSITIONS. HIRING AND TRAINING ARE ON TARGET, AND THE FIRST INTENSIVE AIR CARRIER INSPECTIONS BEGAN ON 2/1/97. THE INSPECTION AND INSPECTION/INCIDENT DATA BASE TO PROVIDE TREND ANALYSIS FOR TARGETING INSPECTION AND OUTREACH EFFORTS TO DETER AND INTERDICT UNAUTHORIZED SHIPMENTS OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. ANNOUNCED ITS POLICY TO THE SHIPPING COMMUNITY OF PUBLICIZING PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY CASES OVER $50,000 WHERE PARTICULARLY DANGEROUS SHIPMENTS WERE INVOLVED. TO DATE, TWO SUCH VIOLATIONS WERE PUBLICIZED. PROPOSED A CLARIFICATION IN THE "HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION SAFETY REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 1997" OF THE FAA'S AUTHORITY TO OPEN SUSPECT PACKAGES WHEN THERE IS A REASONABLE BELIEF THAT THE PACKAGE CONTAINS A HAZARDOUS MATERIAL. IN COOPERATION WITH RSPA, PRODUCED A TRAINING VIDEO TO PROVIDE GUIDANCE FOR AIR CARRIERS & SHIPPERS, EMPHASIZING THEIR LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES FOR SAFE PREPARATION AND TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. IN CONJUNCTION WITH RSPA, DESIGNED AND DEVELOPED A PASSENGER INFO BROCHURE ENTITLED "THESE FLY, THESE MAY NOT." THE BROCHURE PROVIDES INFO REGARDING RESTRICTED HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. OVER 5 MILLION COPIES WERE DISTRIBUTED TO PASSENGERS, TRAVEL AGENCIES, SHIPPERS, U.S. AND FOREIGN AIR CARRIERS, AND MULTINATIONAL CHEMICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL MANUFACTURERS. ASSISTED THE AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION IN DEVELOPING AND PRESENTING ITS HAZMAT/COMAT WORKSHOP. THE WORKSHOP WAS ATTENDED BY 200 AIR CARRIER, FREIGHT FORWARDER, AND SHIPPER PERSONNEL. THE FAA IS TAKING ADDITIONAL INITIATIVES TO ADDRESS THE TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, SPECIFICALLY THE FAA IS: DEVELOPING PROTOCOLS FOR MORE AGGRESSIVE INSPECTION OF REPAIR STATIONS AND FREIGHT FORWARDERS. THE FAA PLANS TO IMPLEMENT THE PROTOCOLS AT REPAIR STATIONS BY AUGUST 1997 AND AT FREIGHT FORWARDERS BY SEPTEMBER 1997. THE FAA IS DEVELOPING CORRESPONDING DATA BASES FOR THE INSPECTIONS. INCREASING INTRAMODAL AND INTERMODAL TREND ANALYSES TO IDENTIFY PROBLEM AREAS AND DETERMINE CORRECTIVE ACTIONS. THE FAA WILL KEEP THE BOARD APPRISED OF THE FAA'S PROGRESS ON THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/19/1996
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA AGREES WITH THESE RECOMMENDATIONS AND HAS INITIATED AN IMMEDIATE EVALUATION OF THE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS MANUALS AND TRAINING PROGRAMS OF AIR CARRIER CERTIFICATED UNDER 14 CFR PART 121 TO DETERMINE WHETHER METHODS ARE INCLUDED TO IDENTIFY UNDECLARED OR UNAUTHORIZED HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. FOLLOWING THE INITIAL PHASE OF THE EVALUATION, THE FAA WILL MAKE FOLLOW-UP FIELD INSPECTIONS TO ENSURE THAT EMPLOYEES ARE FOLLOWING PROPER PROCEDURES. WE APPRECIATE THE FAA'S QUICK RESPONSE TO THESE RECOMMENDATIONS BUT ARE CONCERNED THAT ONLY A RANDOM SAMPLING OF AIR CARRIERS NOT CERTIFICATED UNDER 14 CFR PART 121 WILL BE CONDUCTED. THE BOARD BELIEVES THAT THE FAA SHOULD ENSURE THAT ALL CERTIFICATED CARRIERS HAVE ADEQUATE PROGAMS AND PRACTICES FOR IDENTIFYING UNDECLARED OR UNAUTHORIZED HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. WE NOTE THAT THE FAA WILL REQUIRE REVISIONS TO AIR CARRIER PRACTICES AND TRAINING PROGRAMS, AS NECESSARY, AND THAT THE FAA WILL APPRISE THE BOARD OF ITS PROGRESS. PENDING COMPLETION OF ACTION ON THESE ISSUES. A-96-25 AND -26 ARE CLASSIFIED "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 7/16/1996
Response: THE FAA AGREES WITH THIS RECOMMENDATION & WILL INITIATE ACTION TO REVISE AS NECESSARY, ANY PRACTICES AND TRAINING FOR ACCEPTING PASSENGER BAGGAGE AND FREIGHT SHIPMENTS THAT MAY ARISE AS A RESULT OF THE EVALUATION. THE FAA WILL APPRISE THE BOARD OF THE FAA'S COURSE OF ACTION TO ADDRESS THIS RECOMMENDATION AS SOON AS THE EVALUATION IS COMPLETED.