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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-95-078
Details
Synopsis: ON 7/2/94 ABOUT 1843 EASTERN DAYLIGHT TIME, A DOUGLAS DC-9-31, N954VJ, OPERATED BY USAIR, IN., AS FLIGHT 1016, COLLIDED WITH TREES & A PRIVATE RESIDENCE NEAR THE CHARLOTTE/DOUGLAS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (CTL), CHARLOTTE, NORTH CAROLINA, SHORTLY AFTER THE FLIGHTCREW EXECUTED A MISSED APPROACH FROM THE INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM APPROACH TO RUNWAY 18R. THE CAPTAIN, FIRST OFFICER, ONE FLIGHT ATTENDANT, & ONE PASSENGER RECEIVED MINOR INJUREIS. TWO FLIGHT ATTENDANT & 14 PASSENGERS SUSTAINED SERIOUS INJURIES. THE REMAINING 37 PASSENGERS RECEIVED FATAL INJURIES. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT FORCES & A POSTCRASH FIRE. INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS PREVAILED AT THE TIME OF THE ACCIDENT, & AN INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES (IFR) FLIGHT PLAN HAD BEEN FILED. FLIGHT 1016 WAS BEING CONDUCTED UNDER 14 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS (CFR) PART 121 AS A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT FROM COLUMBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA, TO CHARLOTTE.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FAA: PROVIDE GUIDANCE TO ALL 14 CFR 139 CERTIFICATED AIRPORTS THAT IN THE EVENT OF AN ACCIDENT OR SIGNIFICANT INCIDENT, THE AIRPORT BE CLOSED IMMEDIATELY BY EITHER THE AIRPORT OPERATOR &/OR THE APPROPRIATE FAA AIR TRAFFIC FACILITIES THROUGH LETTERS OF AGREEMENT WITH AIRPORT OPERATOR. ALSO, SPECIFY THAT THE AIRPORT, OR PORTIONS THEREOF, SHOULD NOT BE REOPENED UNTIL THE AIRPORT OPERATOR HAS ENSURED THAT: (1) AIRCRAFT OPERATING AREAS ARE SECURE; (2) AIRCRAFT MOVEMENT AREAS THAT ARE TO BE REOPENED HAVE BEEN PROPERLY INSPECTED; & (3) ADEQUATE AIRCRAFT RESCUE & FIRE FIGHTING PROTECTION IS AVAILABLE FOR AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: CHARLOTTE, NC, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA94MA065
Accident Reports: Flight into Terrain during Missed Approach USAir 1016, DC-9-31, N954VJ
Report #: AAR-96-03
Accident Date: 7/2/1994
Issue Date: 7/17/1995
Date Closed: 12/8/1995
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 12/8/1995
Response: The Safety Board notes that the FAA issued a Certalert to airport certification safety inspectors to notify airport operators of the need to establish procedures, obtain letters of agreement with air traffic controllers where appropriate, and adopt other applicable practices to ensure operational safety immediately after an accident or significant event. The Safety Board appreciates the FAA's rapid action in this matter. Therefore, Safety Recommendation A-95-78 is classified "Closed Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 11/7/1995
Response: On October 1, 1995, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) issued Certalerts 95- 04 and 95-05 to its airport certification safety inspectors in response to these safety recommendations. Certalert 95-04 addresses the importance of airport rescue and firefighting personnel being familiar with the location, identification, and specific operation of each of the perimeter gates designed for egress to off-airport sites. Certalert 95-05 discusses closing the airport after an emergency and listing safety determinations that should be made before airport operations are resumed. Certalert 95-05 discussed the importance of establishing procedures, obtaining letters of agreement with air traffic controllers where appropriate, and adopting other applicable practices to ensure operational safety immediately after an accident or significant event. I have enclosed a copy of each Certalert for the Board's information. Additionally, on October 5, 1995, the FAA transmitted copies of these Certalerts to the American Association of Airport Executives and to the Airports Council International and asked that the information contained in the Certalerts be included in their meetings or training classes. I have also enclosed copies of the letters for the Board's information. I consider the FAA's action to be completed on these safety recommendations, and I plan no further action.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 9/18/1995
Response: The FAA agrees with the intent of this safety recommendation and will issue a Certalert to airport certification safety inspectors to notify airport operators of the need to establish procedures, obtain letters of agreement with air traffic controllers where appropriate, and adopt other applicable practices to ensure operational safety immediately after an accident or significant event. It is anticipated that the Certalert will be issued by November 1995. I will provide the Board with a copy of the Certalert as soon as it is issued.