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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-94-091
Details
Synopsis: ON OCTOBER 26, 1993, ABOUT 1552, N82, A BEECH SUPER KING AIR 300/F (BE-300/F, OWNED BY THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION (FAA) AND OPERATED BY THE ATLANTIC CITY (ACY), NEW JERSEY, FLIGHT INSPECTION AREA OFFICE (FIAO), WAS DESTROYED WHEN IT CRASHED INTO MOUNTAINOUS TERRAIN NEAR FRONT ROYAL, VIRGINIA. THE THREE FLIGHT CREWMEMERS ABOARD RECEIVED FATAL INJURIES.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: STIPULATE SPECIFIC TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION STANDARDS REQUIRED OF A SUBSTANCE ABUSE SPECIALIST, AND SPECIFY THE NATURE OF THE PROCEDURES REQUIRED FOR THE EXAMINATION BY SUCH A SPECIALIST, SIMILAR TO TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION STANDARDS AND EXAMINATIONS USED IN THE AIR CARRIER INDUSTRY, BEFORE HIS/HER EVALUATION WILL BE ACCEPTED BY THE FAA IN ITS DECISION TO ISSUE AN AIRMAN MEDICAL CERTIFICATE.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: FRONT ROYAL, VA, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA94GA010
Accident Reports: Controlled Flight into Terain Federal Aviation Administration Beech Super King Air 300/F, N82
Report #: AAR-94-03
Accident Date: 10/26/1993
Issue Date: 4/21/1994
Date Closed: 5/25/1995
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Alcohol, Training and Education

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 6/23/1995
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA DOES NOT BELIEVE THAT A STIPULATION OF TRAINING & CERTIFICATION STANDARDS IS NECESSARY FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE SPECIALISTS SUBMITTING EVALUATIONS TO THE FAA STAFF FOR REVIEW & ACCEPTANCE IN THE AIRMAN MEDICAL CERTIFICATION PROCESS. THE BOARD FURTHER NOTES, HOWEVER, THAT THE FAA AGREES WITH THE NEED TO SPECIFY THE NATURE OR SCOPE OF THE SUBSTANCE ABUSE EVALUATION & THAT SUCH A PROTOCOL IS BEING DEVELOPED. THE BOARD BELIEVES THAT THE QUALIFICATIONS STANDARDS OF ANY SUBSTANCE ABUSE SPECIALIST WHO SUBMITS EVALUATIONS TO THE FAA ARE AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE EVALUATION PROCESS THAT SHOULD NOT BE LEFT TO CHANCE. THEREFORE, THE BOARD REQUESTS THAT THE FAA RECONSIDER ITS POSITION ON THE FIRST PART OF THIS RECOMMENDATION & CLASSIFIES A-94-91 "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE" BASED ON POSITIVE ACTION ON THE SECOND PART.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 5/25/1995
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA HAS ISSUED A PROTOCOL FOR THE EVALUATION OF AIRMEN SUSPECTED A DRUG OR ALCOHOL DEPENDENCY. THE PROTOCOL SPECIFIES INFO TO BE OBTAINED & EVALUATED IN THE ASSESSMENT OF THE MEDICAL CONDITION OF THOSE AIRMEN & ALSO DESCRIBES THE TYPE OF EXPERTISE & TRAINING DESIRED OF A PROFESSIONAL WHO CAN PROPERLY DIAGNOSE & EVALUATE SUSPECTED DRUG OR ALCOHOL DEPENDENCY. THE BOARD IS PLEASED WITH THE FAA'S RESPONSE TO A-94-91 & BELIEVES THAT THE ISSUANCE OF THIS PROTOCOL FULLY SATISFIES THE INTENT OF THIS RECOMMENDATION. THE BOARD LOOKS FORWARD TO ITS DISTRIBUTION TO & USE BY AVIATION MEDICAL EXAMINERS & OTHER APPROPRIATE PERSONNEL. THEREFORE, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES A-94-91 "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 3/14/1995
Response: THE FAA HAS ISSUED A PROTOCOL FOR THE EVALUATION OF AIRMEN WHO ARE SUSPECTED OF HAVING A DRUG OR ALCOHOL PROBLEM. THIS PROTOCOL SPECIFIES PRECISELY THE INFO THAT THE EXAMINING HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL MUST PROVIDE. AS PREVIOUSLY STATED, A SPECIFIC PROTOCOL IS ALREADY PROVIDED FOR FORMAL PSYCHIATRIC & PSYCHOLOGIC EVALUATIONS IF THESE ARE REQUIRED BY THE FAA ON SUSPICION OF A PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 7/20/1994
Response: WHEN THE PRESENCE OF A DRUG OR ALCOHOL PROBLEM IS IN QUESTION IN AN APPLICANT FOR AIRMAN MEDICAL CERTIFICATION, IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OFFICE OF AVIATION MEDICINE TO DETERMINE WHETHER A HISTORY OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE OR DEPENDENCE, IN FACT, EXISTS, & IF SO, WHETHER THERE IS SATISFACTORY EVIDENCE OF RECOVERY. WHEN ON A BASIS OF HISTORY OR FINDINGS, THERE IS A REASONABLE SUGGESTION THAT A PROBLEM EXISTS, THE FAA REQUIRES THAT THE APPLICANT SUBMIT AN EVALUATION BY A HEALTH PROFESSIONAL. WHILE THE AGENCY DOES NOT DIRECT THE APPLICANT TO A SPECIFIC SPECIALIST FOR EVALUATION, THE APPLICANT IS STRONGLY ADVISED THAT THE EVALUATIONS MUST BE COMPLETE & INCLUDE CERTAIN SPECIFIC INFO. ACCEPTANCE OF A REPORT OF EVALUATION DEPENDS ON ITS BASIC QUALITY AS REVIEWED BY THE AGENCY STAFF, INCLUDING THE SPECIFIC INFO PROVIDED & THE PARAMETERS ADDRESSED. THE FAA CONSIDERS THE QUALITY OF THE REPORT & THE COMPLETENESS OF FACTUAL INFO THAT IT CONTAINS EQUIVALENT TO & PERHAPS MORE IMPORTANT THAN THE STIPULATION OF SPECIFIC TRAINING & CERTIFICATION STANDARDS FOR ITS AUTHOR AS SUGGESTED BY THIS RECOMMENDATION. CERTIFIED SUBSTANCE ABUSE COUNSELORS, PSYCHOLOGISTS, PSYCHIATRISTS, & OTHER PHYSICIANS WITH SPECIAL TRAINING OR EXPERIENCE IN ADDICTION DISORDERS ARE MOST LIKELY TO PROVIDE THE FAA WITH ACCEPTABLE REPORTS. PSYCHIATRISTS WHO CONDUCT THE REQUIRED INITIAL & PERIODIC MEDICAL EVALUATIONS OF RECOVERING ALCOHOLIC AIR CARRIER PILOTS ARE SUGGESTED AS GOOD SOURCES FOR THE EVALUATIONS NEEDED BY THE AGENCY. PHYSICIANS LISTED AS MEMBERS OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ADDICTION MEDICINE ARE ALSO SUGGESTED. CONSEQUENTLY, THE FAA DOES NOT BELIEVE THAT SUCH STIPULATION OF TRAINING & CERTIFICATION IS NECESSARY. THE FAA AGREES WITH THE NEED TO SPECIFY THE NATURE OR SCOPE OF THE SUBSTANCE ABUSE EVALUATION REQUIRED. A PROTOCOL IS BEING DEVELOPED THAT WILL SPECIFY PRECISELY THE INFO THAT THE EXAMINING HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL MUST PROVIDE. THIS PROTOCOL WILL BE USED WHEN A MEDICAL ASSESSMENT OF A PERSON SUSPECTED OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE IS REQUESTED. THE PROTOCOL WILL BE COMPLETED BY OCTOBER 1994. A SPECIFIC PROTOCOL IS ALREADY PROVIDED FOR FORMAL PSYCHIATRIC & PSYCHOLOGIC EVALUATIONS IF THESE ARE REQUIRED BY THE FAA ON SUSPICION OF A PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER.