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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-93-039
Details
Synopsis: ON JUNE 8, 1992, GP EXPRESS AIRLINES, INC., FLIGHT 861, A BEECHCRAFT MODEL C99, N118GP, CRASHED WHILE MANEUVERING TO LAND AT THE ANNISTON METROPOLITAN AIRPORT, ANNISTON, ALABAMA. THE FLIGHT WAS SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT FROM THE WILLIAM B. HARTSFIELD ATLANTA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT IN ATLANTA, GEORGIA, ON AN INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES FLIGHT PLAN TO ANNISTON, ALABAMA. THE CAPTAIN AND TWO PASSENGERS RECEIVED FATAL INJURIES. THE FIRST OFFICE AND TWO PASSENGERS WERE SERIOUSLY INJURED. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT AND POSTCRASH FIRE.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: AMEND 14 CFR 135.243(C)(2) TO REQUIRE THAT THE PILOT-IN-COMMAND OF A COMMUTER AIR CARRIER FLIGHT THAT REQUIRES TWO CREWMEMBERS HAVE AT LEAST 100 HOURS OF FLIGHT TIME OR AN EQUIVALENT LEVEL OF TRAINING IN COMMUTER AIR CARRIER OPERATIONS REQUIRING TWO PILOTS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: ANNISTON, AL, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: ATL92MA118
Accident Reports: Controlled Collision with Terrain GP Express Airlines, Inc., Flight 861 A Beechcraft C99, N118GP
Report #: AAR-93-03
Accident Date: 6/8/1992
Issue Date: 4/2/1993
Date Closed: 6/13/1996
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 6/13/1996
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT ON 4/21/95, THE FAA ISSUED ITS FINAL RULE ENTITLED "PILOT OPERATING & EXPERIENCE REQUIREMENTS." THIS RULE REVISED 14 CFR 121.434 TO REQUIRE MORE EFFECTIVE OPERATING EXPERIENCE FOR THE PIC & THE SECOND-IN-COMMAND AS THE FINAL RULE ALSO ADDED A NEW SECTION (121-438) ON OPERATING LIMITATION THAT REQUIRES A PIC TO MAKE ALL TAKEOFFS & LANDINGS DURING CERTAIN SITUATIONS WHEN FLYING WITH AN SIC WHO HAS FEWER THAN 100 HOURS IN THE TYPE OF AIRPLANE BEING FLOWN. THE NEW SECTION ALSO REQUIRES THAT A PIC & AN SIC COULD NOT BE PAIRED IF BOTH PILOTS HAD FEWER THAN 75 FLIGHT HOURS OF OPERATING EXPERIENCE IN AN AIRCRAFT TYPE. THE BOARD ALSO NOTES THAT, ON 12/8/95, THE FAA ISSUED ITS FINAL RULE ENTITLED "AIR CARRIER & COMMERCIAL OPERATOR TRAINING PROGRAMS" TO REQUIRE OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT WITH TWO PILTOS &/OR 10 OR MORE PASSENGERS TO COMPLY WITH 14 CFR PART 121 TRAINING, CHECKING, & QUALIFICATION REQUIREMENTS. THE FINAL RULE MANDATES CREW RESOURCE TRAINING REQUIREMENTS FOR 14 CFR PART 121 & CERTAIN 14 CFR PART 135 OPERATORS. THE FAA AMENDED THESE RULES TO MAKE CERTAIN 14 CFR PART 135 TRAINING REQUIREMENTS ARE AS COMPREHENSIVE AS 14 CFR PART 121 REQUIREMENTS & TO INCORPORATE RECENT KNOWLEDGE ABOUT HUMAN PERFORMANCE FACTORS. BASED ON THE FAA'S ACTIONS, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES A-93-39 "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 4/2/1996
Response: ON 4/21/95, THE FAA ISSUED ITS FINAL RULE ENTITLED OPERATING EXPERIENCE REQUIREMENTS. THIS RULE REVISED 14 CFR 121.434 TO REQUIRE MORE EFFECTIVE OPERATING EXPERIENCE FOR THE PILOT-IN-COMMAND & THE SECOND-IN-COMMAND AS THE FINAL PHASE OF INITIAL & TRANSITION QUALIFICATIONS. THE FINAL RULE ALSO ADDED A NEW SECTION (121-348) ON OPERATING LIMITATIONS WHICH REQUIRES A PIC TO MAKE ALL TAKEOFFS & LANDINGS DURING CERTAIN SITUATIONS WHEN FLYING WITH AN SIC WHO HAS FEWER THAN 100 HOURS IN THE TYPE OF AIRPLANE BEING FLOWN. THE NEW SECTION ALSO REQUIRES THAT A PIC & SIC COULD NOT BE PAIRED IF BOTH PILOTS HAD FEWER THAN 75 FLIGHT HOURS OF OPERATING EXPERIENCE IN AN AIRCRAFT TYPE. ON 12/8/95, THE FAA ISSUED ITS FINAL RULE ENTITLED AIR CARRIER & COMMERCIAL OPERATOR TRAINING PROGRMS TO REQUIRE OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT WITH TWO PILOTS &/OR 10 OR MORE PASSENGERS TO COMPLY WITH 14 CFR 121 TRAINING, CHECKING, & QUALIFICATION REQUIREMENTS. THE FINAL RULE MANDATES CREW RESOURCE MANAGEMENT TRAINING REQUIREMENTS FOR 14 CFR 121 & CERTAIN 14 CFR 135 OPERATORS. THE FAA AMENDED THESE RULES TO MAKE CERTAIN 14 CFR 135 TRAINING REQUIREMENTS ARE AS COMPREHENSIVE AS 14 CFR 121 REQUIREMENTS & TO INCORPORATE RECENT KNOWLEDGE ABOUT HUMAN PERFORMANCE FACTORS. BY MANDATING CRM TRAINING FOR THESE OPERATORS, THE RULE IS INTENDED TO REDUCE THE NUMBER OF ACCIDENTS INCIDENTS THAT COULD BE ATTRIBUTED TO A LACK OF CREW COMMUNICATION & COORDINATION. THE FAA REPLY INCLUDED COPIES OF BOTH FINAL RULES.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 7/19/1995
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA ISSUED NPRM 93-1, WHICH PROPOSES TO REVISE 14 121.434 TO REQUIRE MORE EFFECTIVE OPERATING EXPERIENCE FOR THE PILOT-IN-COMMAND (PIC) & THE SECOND-IN-COMMAND AS THE FINAL PHASE OF INITIAL & TRANSITION QUALIFICATIONS. ADDITIONALLY, NPRM 93-1 PROPOSES TO ADD A NEW SECTION (14 CFR 121.438) TO PROHIBIT THE PAIRING OF A PIC AND AN SIC IF BOTH PILOTS HAVE FEWER THAN 75 HOURS OF OPERATING EXPERIENCE IN AN AIRCRAFT TYPE. THE FAA ALSO ISSUED NPRM 94-35, PROPOSING TO REQUIRE THAT OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT WITH TWO PILOTS &/OR WITH 10 OR MORE PASSENGERS COMPLY WITH PROPOSED REQUIREMENTS OF 14 CFR PART 121. IN ADDITION, NPRM 94-35 PROPOSES TO REQUIRE THAT CREW RESOURCE MANAGEMENT TRAINING BE PROVIDED BY OPERATORS FOR PIC'S SICS, FLIGHT ATTENDANTS, & AIRCRAFT DISPATCHERS. THE BOARD'S STAFF HAS REVIEWED A COPY OF THE FINAL RULE, ISSUED 4/21/95, THAT RESULTED FROM NPRM 93-1. BASED ON THIS INFO, & PENDING THE FAA'S ISSUANCE OF A FINAL RULE RESULTING FROM NPRM 94-35, A-93-39 REMAINS CLASSIFIED "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 3/10/1995
Response: THE FAA AGREES WITH THE INTENT OF THIS RECOMMENDATION & HAS ISSUED TWO NPR'S THAT ADDRESS THIS RECOMMENDATION COMPLETELY. THE FAA ISSUED NPRM 93-1 WHICH PROPOSES TO REVISE 14 CFR 121.434 TO REQUIRE MORE EFFECTIVE OPERATING EXPERIENCE FOR THE PILOT-IN-COMMAND (PIC) & THE SECOND-IN-COMMAND (SIC) AS THE FINAL PHASE OF INITIAL & TRANSITION QUALIFICATIONS. ADDITIONALLY, NPRM 93-1 PROPOSES TO ADD A NEW SECTION (14 CFR 121.438) TO REQUIRE THAT A PIC & AN SIC COULD NOT BE PAIRED IF BOTH PILOTS HAD FEWER THAN 75 HOURS OF OPERATING EXPERIENCE IN AN AIRCRAFT TYPE. THE FAA ALSO ISSUED NPRM 94-35 PROPOSING TO REQUIRE THAT OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT WITH TWO PILOTS &/OR WITH 10 OR MORE PASSENGERS COMPLY WITH PROPOSED A REQUIREMENTS OF 14 CFR PART 121. NPRM 94-35 ALSO PROPOSES TO REQUIRE THAT CREW RESOURCE MANAGEMENT TRAINING BE PROVIDED BY OPERATORS FOR PIC'S, SIC'S, FLIGHT ATTENDANTS, & AIRCRAFT DISPATCHERS. I BELIEVE THAT THESE REGULATORY ACTION, WHEN ADOPTED, FOR EXCEED THE INTENT OF THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 11/19/1993
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA IS CONSIDERING THE ISSUANCE OF A NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING (NRPM) PROPOSING TO AMEND 14 CFR PART 121, SUBPARTS N AND O, TO INCREASE THE INITIAL OPERATING EXPERIENCE REQUIREMENTS AND TO REQUIRE "CREW PAIRING" FOR NEWLY CERTIFIED FLIGHT CREWMEMBERS. FURTHERMORE, THE FAA IS ALSO CONSIDERING THE ISSUANCE OF AN NPRM THAT WILL REQUIRE THAT 14 CFR PART 135 AIR CARRIERS (USING TWO PILOTS) TRAIN AND QUALIFY CREWMEMBERS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF 14 CFR PART 121, SUBPARTS N AND O, AND THAT CRM TO A REQUIRED PART OF AN OPERATOR'S TRAINING PROGRAM. BASED ON THIS INFORMATION, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES RECOMMENDATION A-93-39 "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 6/16/1993
Response: THE FAA IS CONSIDERING THE ISSUANCE OF A NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING PROPOSING TO AMEND 14 CFR PART 121, SUBPART N AND O, TO INCREASE THE OPERATING EXPERIENCE (INITIAL OPERATING EXPERIENCE) REQUIREMENTS AND TO REQUIRE "CREW PAIRING" FOR NEWLY CERTIFIED FLIGHT CREWMEMBERS. THE FAA IS ALSO CONSIDERING THE ISSUANCE OF A NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING PROPOSING TO REQUIRE THAT 14 CFR PART 135 AIR CARRIERS (USING TWO PILOTS) TRAIN AND QUALIFY CREWMEMBERS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF 14 CFR PART 121, SUBPARTS N AND O. THE FAA WILL ALSO CONSIDER PROPOSING THE CRM BE A REQUIRED PART OF AN OPERATOR'S TRAINING PROGRAM. I WILL PROVIDE THE BOARD WITH A COPY OF ANY DOCUMENT THAT MAY BE ISSUED.