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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-93-036
Details
Synopsis: ON JUNE 8, 1992, GP EXPRESS AIRLINES, INC., FLIGHT 861, A BEECHCRAFT MODEL C99, N118GP, CRASHED WHILE MANEUVERING TO LAND AT THE ANNISTON METROPOLITAN AIRPORT, ANNISTON, ALABAMA. THE FLIGHT WAS SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT FROM THE WILLIAM B. HARTSFIELD ATLANTA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT IN ATLANTA, GEORGIA, ON AN INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES FLIGHT PLAN TO ANNISTON, ALABAMA. THE CAPTAIN AND TWO PASSENGERS RECEIVED FATAL INJURIES. THE FIRST OFFICE AND TWO PASSENGERS WERE SERIOUSLY INJURED. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT AND POSTCRASH FIRE.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: REQUIRE THAT SCHEDULED AIR CARRIERS OPERATING UNDER 14 CFR PART 135 DEVELOP AND INCLUDE IN THEIR FLIGHT OPERATION MANUALS AND TRAINING PROGRAMS STABILIZED APPROACH CRITERIA. THE CRITERIA SHOULD INCLUDE SPECIFIC LIMITS OF LOCALIZER, GLIDESLOPE, AND VOR NEEDLE DEFLECTIONS AND RATES OF DESCENT, ETC., NEAR THE AIRPORT, BEYOND WHICH INITIATION OF AN IMMEDIATE MISSED APPROACH WOULD BE REQUIRED.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: ANNISTON, AL, United States
Is Reiterated: Yes
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: ATL92MA118
Accident Reports: Controlled Collision with Terrain GP Express Airlines, Inc., Flight 861 A Beechcraft C99, N118GP
Report #: AAR-93-03
Accident Date: 6/8/1992
Issue Date: 4/2/1993
Date Closed: 7/19/1995
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 7/19/1995
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA HAS ISSUED FSIB 94-22, "STABILIZED APPROACHES," TO DIRECT PRINCIPAL OPERATIONS INSPECTORS TO ENCOURAGE THEIR ASSIGNED OPERATORS TO INCORPORATE THE STABILIZED APPROACH CONCEPT INTO THEIR OPERATING PROCEDURES. THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE POIS ARE ALSO DIRECTED TO ENSURE THAT THE INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES PRACTICES AS DISCUSSED IN FAA OTHER 8400.10, PARAGRAPH 547, ARE INCORPORATED INTO THE PROCEDURES USED BY ALL OPERATORS WHO CONDUCT IFR OPERATIONS. BASED ON THIS ACTION, A-93-36 IS CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 3/10/1995
Response: ON 12/29/94, THE FAA ISSUED FSIB 94-22, STABILIZED APPROACHES, TO DIRECT POI'S TO ENCOURAGE THEIR ASSIGNED OPERATORS TO INCORPORATE THE STABILIZED APROACH CONCEPT INTO THEIR OPERATING PROCEDURES. THE POI'S ARE ALSO DIRECTED TO ENSURE THAT THE IFR PRACTICES AS DISCUSSED IN FAA ORDER 8400.10, PARAGRAPH 547, ARE INCORPORATED INTO THE PROCEDURES USED BY ALL OPERATORS WHO CONDUCT IFR OPERATIONS. I CONSIDER THE FAA'S ACTION TO BE COMPLETED ON THIS RECOMMENDATION.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 10/24/1994
Response: (CHANGE FROM A GREENSHEET)THE BOARD CANNOT UNDERSTAND WHY THE FAA HAS NOT YET COMPLETED THESE ACTIONS & ISSUED THE APPLICABLE ACOB. IN ANY EVENT, THE BOARD NOW BELIEVES THAT THE ACOB ROUTE TO ADDRESS THIS ISSUE IS NOT APPROPRIATE. IF A STABILIZED APPROACH PROCEDURE HAD BEEN DEVELOPED AND REQUIRED TO BE ADHERED TO BY ALL PILOTS FOR NIGHT APPROACHES IN INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS, PERHAPS THIS ACCIDENT WOULD HAVE BEEN PREVENTED. THEREFORE, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES A-93-36 "OPEN-UNACCEPTABLE RESPONSE" AND REITERATES A-93-36. FURTHER, THE BOARD URGES THE FAA TO REVIEW ITS POSITION ON THE NEED FOR REGULATORY ACTION & TO MOVE EXPEDITIOUSLY TOWARD REQUIRING PART 135 OPERATORS TO INCLUDE IN THEIR FLIGHT OPERATIONS MANUALS & TRAINING PROGRAMS STABILIZED APPROACH CRITERIA.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 10/6/1994
Response: From the accident report of the stall and loss of control on final approach Atlantic Coast Airlines, Inc./ United Exoress flight 6291, Jetstream 4101, N304UE in Columbus, Ohio on January 7, 1994. The Board adopted this report on 10/6/1994. Also, as a result of this investigation, the Safety Board reiterated safety recommendations: A-93-36 and A-94-69

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 11/19/1993
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA WILL ISSUE AN AIR CARRIER OPERATIONS BULLETIN EMPHASIZING STABILIZED APPROACH CRITERIA INFORMATION AND ASSOCIATED TRAINING ISSUES, AND REFERENCING GUIDANCE MATERIAL CURRENTLY AVAILABLE ON THIS SUBJECT. BASED ON THIS INFORMATION, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES RECOMMENDATION A-93-36 "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATE RESPONSE."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 6/16/1993
Response: THE FAA WILL ISSUE AN ACOB TO EMPHASIZE STABLIZED APPROACH CRITERIA INFORMATION AND ASSOCIATED TRAINING ISSUES AND TO REFERENCE GUIDANCE MATERIAL CURRENTLY AVAILABLE ON THIS SUBJECT. I WILL PROVIDE THE BOARD WITH A COPY OF THE ACOB AS SOON AS IT IS ISSUED.