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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-93-028
Details
Synopsis: ON SUNDAY, MARCH 22, 1992, ABOUT 2135 EASTERN STANDARD TIME, A FOKKER 28-4000 (F-28), N485US, OPERATING AS USAIR FLIGHT 405, CRASHED DURING AN ATTEMPTED TAKEOFF FROM RUNWAY 13 AT LAGUARDIA AIRPORT, FLUSHING, NEW YORK. THE AIRPLANE WAS OPERATING UNDER TITLE 14, CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS (CFR), PART 121, AS A SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT FROM JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, TO CLEVELAND, OHIO, WITH A STOPOVER AT LAGUARDIA AIRPORT. THERE WERE 47 PASSENGERS, 2 FLIGHTCREW MEMBERS AND 2 CABINCREW MEMBERS ON BOARD. THE CAPTAIN, ONE OF THE CABINCREW MEMBERS, AND 25 PASSENGERS RECEIVED FATAL INJURIES. IMPACT FORCES AND THE SUBSEQUENT FIRE DESTROYED THE AIRPLANE.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: REQUIRE THAT ALL AIRPORTS, WHICH MIGHT EXPERIENCE FREEZING CONDITIONS AND THAT ARE CERTIFIED UNDER TITLE 14 CFR PART 139, ESTABLISH DEICING PLANS FOR APPROVAL.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: FLUSHING, NY, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA92MA025
Accident Reports: Takeoff Stall in Icing Conditions USAIR Flight 405, FOKKER F-28, N485US
Report #: AAR-93-02
Accident Date: 3/22/1992
Issue Date: 3/18/1993
Date Closed: 3/12/1996
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action)
Keyword(s): Airport Operations, Icing, Weather

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/12/1996
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA HAS INCLUDED IN CHANGE 2 ADVISORY CIRCULAR 150/5200-30A, "AIRPORT WINTER SAFETY & OPERATIONS, " INFO THAT ADVISES AIRPORT OPERATORS TO ACT AS FACILITATORS & ARRANGE A MEETING AMONG THE PARTIES THAT MAY BE AFFECTED BY AIRCRAFT DEICING PLANS, INCLUDING THOSE PLANS REQUIRED OF AIR CARRIERS OPERATING UNDER 14 CFR PART 121. BECAUSE THIS ACTION ACCOMPLISHES THE INTENT OF THE BOARD'S RECOMMENDATION, A-93-28 IS CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 1/3/1996
Response: THE FAA HAS INCLUDING IN AC 150/5200-30A, CHANGE 2, INFO WHICH STATES THAT AIRPORT OPERATORS SHOULD ACT AS FACILITATOR & ARRANGE A MEETING AMONG PARTIES THAT MAY BE AFFECTED BY AIRCRAFT DEICING PLANS, INCLUDING THOSE PLANS REQUIRED OF AIR CARRIERS OPERATING UNDER CFR PART 121.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 2/16/1994
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA BELIEVES THAT PARTIES INVOLVED IN WINTER OPERATIONS SHOULD MEET AND DEVELOP A PLAN TO CARRY OUT THEIR VARIOUS RESPONSIBILITIES. THEREFORE, THE FAA SENT A LETTER TO THE APPROPRIATE CERTIFICATED AIRPORTS REQUESTING THAT THEY ARRANGE MEETINGS WITH THE AIR CARRIERS, AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL PERSONNEL, AND AIRPORT USERS TO ASSESS THE IMPACT OF THE AIR CARRIERS' DEICING ACTIVITIES ON AIRPORT OPERATIONS. THE LETTER ALSO ASKED THAT THE PARTIES IDENTIFY ACTIONS THAT CAN BE TAKEN TO MAXIMIZE THE EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY OF OPERATIONS DURING PERIODS OF ICE OR SNOW. THIS INFORMATION WILL BE INCLUDED AS A REVISION TO ADVISORY CIRCULAR (AC) 150/5200-30A, "AIRPORT WINTER SAFETY OPERATIONS. PENDING RECEIPT OF THE REVISION TO AC 150/5200-30A THE BOARD CLASSIFIES RECOMMENDATION A-92-28 "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 12/6/1993
Response: THE AIR CARRIER OR ITS AGENT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR DEICING PLANS UNDER 14 CFR PART 121. EACH CERTIFICATE HOLDER (WHOSE AIRPORT IS LOCATED WHERE SNOW AND ICING CONDITIONS REGULARLY OCCUR) IS REQUIRED UNDER 14 CFR 139.313 TO PREPARE, MAINTAIN, AND CARRY OUT A SNOW AND ICE CONTROL PLAN FOR AIRPORT SURFACES. THE FAA BELIEVES THAT PARTIES INVOLVED IN WINTER OPERATIONS SHOULD MEET AND DEVELOP A PLAN TO CARRY OUT THEIR VARIOUS RESPONSIBILITIIES. CONSEQUENTLY, THE FAA SENT A LETTER TO APPROPRIATE CERIFICATED AIRPORTS REQUESTING THAT THEY ARRANGE A MEETING WITH THE AIR CARRIERS, AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL, AND THE AIRPORT USERS TO ASSESS THE IMPACT OF THE AIR CARRIERS' DEICING ACTIVITIES ON AIRPORT OPERATIONS AND IDENTIFY ACTIONS WHICH COULD BE TAKEN TO MAXIMIZE THE EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY OF OPERATIONS DURING PERIODS OF ICE AND SNOW. THIS INFORMATION WILL ALSO BE INCLUDED AS A REVISION TO ADVISORY CIRCULAR (AC) 150/5200-30A, AIRPORT WINTER SAFETY AND OPERATIONS.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/27/1993
Response: The FAA does not agree with this safety recommendation to require the airport operator to develop deicing plans. The air carrier or its agent is responsible for deicing plans under 14 CFR Part 121. Currently, 14 CFR 139.3l3 requires that each certificate holder (whose airport is located where snow and icing conditions regularly occur) prepares, maintains, and carries out a snow and ice control plan. Paragraph (b) of this section addresses snow and ice removal from the surfaces of the airport. While the intent of this recommendation is to require airports to take the lead in coordinating the ice control plans of the air carriers, I do not believe that such a requirement should be placed in 14 CFR Part 139 since the airport operator is not responsible for ensuring that the aircraft surfaces are free of ice and snow. Prior to this past winter, the FAA sent a letter to appropriate certificated airports requesting that they arrange meetings with the air carriers, air traffic control, and the airport users to assess the impact of the air carriers' deicing activities on airport operations and identify actions which could be taken to maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of operations during periods of ice or snow. There were no problems encountered this past winter with the coordination and cooperation. I believe that the current procedures for developing icing plans are adequate, and I plan no further action on this safety recommendation.