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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-93-026
Details
Synopsis: ON SUNDAY, MARCH 22, 1992, ABOUT 2135 EASTERN STANDARD TIME, A FOKKER 28-4000 (F-28), N485US, OPERATING AS USAIR FLIGHT 405, CRASHED DURING AN ATTEMPTED TAKEOFF FROM RUNWAY 13 AT LAGUARDIA AIRPORT, FLUSHING, NEW YORK. THE AIRPLANE WAS OPERATING UNDER TITLE 14, CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS (CFR), PART 121, AS A SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT FROM JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, TO CLEVELAND, OHIO, WITH A STOPOVER AT LAGUARDIA AIRPORT. THERE WERE 47 PASSENGERS, 2 FLIGHTCREW MEMBERS AND 2 CABINCREW MEMBERS ON BOARD. THE CAPTAIN, ONE OF THE CABINCREW MEMBERS, AND 25 PASSENGERS RECEIVED FATAL INJURIES. IMPACT FORCES AND THE SUBSEQUENT FIRE DESTROYED THE AIRPLANE.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: REQUIRE AIRLINES TO ESTABLISH A WAY TO INFORM FLIGHTCREWS OF THE TYPE OF FLUID AND MIXTURE USED, THE CURRENT MOISTURE ACCUMULATION RATE, AND THE AVAILABLE HOLDOVER TIME.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: FLUSHING, NY, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA92MA025
Accident Reports: Takeoff Stall in Icing Conditions USAIR Flight 405, FOKKER F-28, N485US
Report #: AAR-93-02
Accident Date: 3/22/1992
Issue Date: 3/18/1993
Date Closed: 12/20/1994
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 12/20/1994
Response: THE BOARD HAS REVIEWED THE AC & IS SATISFIED THAT IT INCLUDES SUFFICIENT GUIDANCE FOR AIR CARRIERS TO ESTABLISH AN EFFECTIVE PROGRAM FOR TRAINING FLIGHTCREW & GROUND PERSONNEL IN THE DETECTION OF WING CONTAMINATION. THE AC ALSO PRESENTS SIGNIFICANT INFO ABOUT THE EFFECTIVENESS OF DEICING FLUIDS TO PROVIDE ANTI-ICING PROTECTION & ABOUT ESTIMATED HOLDOVER TIMES. THE AC, COMBINED WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF 14 CFR 121.629 & 14 CFR 135.227, SATISFIES THE INTENT OF A-93-21 & A-93-26, BOTH OF WHICH ARE NOW CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/27/1993
Response: THE FAA AGREES WITH THIS RECOMMENDATION. PROPOSED AC 121-XX, GROUND DEICING & ANTI-ICING PROGRAM, WILL INCLUDE INFO ON THE TYPE OF FULID & MIXTURE USED & THE AVAILABLE HOLDOVER TIME. THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IS CONDUCTING A RESEARCH STUDY ON THE MOISTURE ACCUMULATION RATE. THE FAA WILL REVIEW THE RESULTS OF THIS STUDY AS WELL AS OTHER AVAILABLE RESEARCH INFO ON THIS SUBJECT.