Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content
Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-93-010
Details
Synopsis: ON APRIL 22, 1992, ABOUT 1553 HAWAIIAN STANDARD TIME, SCENIC AIR TOURS (SAT) FLIGHT 22, A BEECH MODEL E18S (BE-18), N342E, COLLIDED WITH MOUNTAINOUS TERRAIN ON THE ISLAND OF MAUI, HAWAII, WHILE ON AN AIR TOUR FLIGHT FROM HILO, HAWAII, TO HONOLULU, HAWAII. THE FLIGHT WAS CONDUCTED AS AN ON-DEMAND AIR TAXI OPERATION UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF TITLE 14 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS (CFR) PART 135 AND UNDER VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR). AS A RESULT OF THE ACCIDENT, THE PILOT AND EIGHT PASSENGERS ON BOARD SUSTAINED FATAL INJURIES. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT FORCES AND A POSTCRASH FIRE.
Recommendation: TO THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: Identify airspace which warrants special protection due to the presence of commercial air tour operations. Create special operating rules for such airspace to reduce the potential for midair collisions and other accidents commensurate with meteorological and terrain considerations. (Supersedes Safety Recommendations A-87-091 and A-87-093) (Superseded by Safety Recommendations A-95-58 through A-95-65)
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action/Superseded
Mode: Aviation
Location: MOUNT HALEAKALA, HI, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: LAX92MA184
Accident Reports: Tomy International, Inc. d/b/a Scenic Air Tours Flight 22, Beech Model E18S, N342E In-Flight Collision with Terrain
Report #: AAR-93-01
Accident Date: 4/22/1992
Issue Date: 2/19/1993
Date Closed: 8/1/1995
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action/Superseded)
Keyword(s): Air Tours

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/1/1995
Response: ON 6/1/95, THE BOARD ADOPTED THE FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS OF ITS SPECIAL INVESTIGATION ON THE SAFETY OF THE AIR TOUR INDUSTRY IN THE UNITED STATES. AS A RESULT OF INFO OBTAINED DURING THIS SPECIAL INVESTIGATION, THE BOARD CLASSIFIED A-93-8 THROUGH -10 CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION/SUPERSEDED." THE ISSUES WILL BE ADDRESSED BY THE NEWLY ADOPTED RECOMMENDATIONS A-95-58 THROUGH -65 THE BOARD WILL FOLLOW FAA ACTIONS ON THIS ISSUE THROUGH THESE LATER RECOMMENDATIONS.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 4/24/1995
Response: THE FAA AGREES WITH THE INTENT OF THIS RECOMMENDATION & IS CONTINUE ON AN AS NEEDED BASIS TO TAKE REGULATORY ACTION TO ADDRESS AIRSPACE WHICH WARRANT SPECIAL REGULATORY ACTIONS. FOR EXAMPLE, IN MAY 1988 SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATION (SFAR) 50-2, SPECIAL FLIGHT RULES IN THE VICINITY OF THE GRAND CANYON NATIONAL PARK WAS IMPLEMENTED.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 2/22/1994
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA ISSUED HANDBOOK BULLETIN 92-01, AIR TOUR/SIGHTSEEING OPERATIONS, ON JANUARY 17, 1992. THIS HANDBOOK BULLETIN PROVIDES FIELD INSPECTORS WITH GUIDANCE IN IDENTIFYING HIGH AVIATION ACTIVITY SIGHTSEEING AREAS AND THE ASSOCIATED PROCESS IN DEVELOPING A SPECIAL RULE FOR OPERATIONS WITHIN THE AREA. HOWEVER, THE ACCIDENT FROM WHICH THIS RECOMMENDATION RESULTED HAPPENED 4 MONTHS AFTER HANDBOOK BULLETIN 92-01 WAS ISSUED, AND NO ACTION TAKEN DURING THAT PERIOD TO DEVELOP ANY NEW SPECIAL RULES FOR OPERATIONS IN THE HAWAII AREA. FURTHERMORE, THE BOARD IS NOT AWARE OF ANY NEW AREAS IDENTIFIED AS WARRANTING SPECIAL PROTECTION OR SPECIAL RULES FOR OPERATIONS. THUS, THE BOARD BELIEVES THAT THE CONCERN EXPRESSED IN THIS RECOMMENDATION SHOULD BE EMPHASIZED TO FAA FIELD INSPECTORS BY URGING THEM TO IDENTIFY OTHER SCENIC AREAS THAT MAY REQUIRE SPECIAL CONSIDERATION AND TAKE ACTION AS OUTLINED IN HANDBOOK BULLETIN 92-01. PENDING FURTHER INFORMATION, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES RECOMMENDATION A-93-10 "OPEN--UNACCEPTABLE RESPONSE."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 4/29/1993
Response: THE FAA AGREES WITH THIS RECOMMENDATION. HANDBOOK BULLETIN 92-01, AIR TOUR/SIGHTSEEING OPERATIONS, ISSUED JANUARY 17, 1992, PROVIDES FIELD INSPECTORS WITH GUIDANCE IN IDENTIFYING HIGH AVIATION ACTIVITY SIGHTSEEING AREAS AND THE ASSOCIATED PROCESS IN DEVELOPING A SPECIAL RULE.