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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-93-008
Details
Synopsis: ON APRIL 22, 1992, ABOUT 1553 HAWAIIAN STANDARD TIME, SCENIC AIR TOURS (SAT) FLIGHT 22, A BEECH MODEL E18S (BE-18), N342E, COLLIDED WITH MOUNTAINOUS TERRAIN ON THE ISLAND OF MAUI, HAWAII, WHILE ON AN AIR TOUR FLIGHT FROM HILO, HAWAII, TO HONOLULU, HAWAII. THE FLIGHT WAS CONDUCTED AS AN ON-DEMAND AIR TAXI OPERATION UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF TITLE 14 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS (CFR) PART 135 AND UNDER VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR). AS A RESULT OF THE ACCIDENT, THE PILOT AND EIGHT PASSENGERS ON BOARD SUSTAINED FATAL INJURIES. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT FORCES AND A POSTCRASH FIRE.
Recommendation: TO THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: Revise the Federal Aviation Regulations as needed to create a specific classification for, and operating rules governing, commercial air tour operators based on the complexity of flight operations, aircraft flown, flight frequency, number of passengers carried, air traffic densities in the areas of operation, and other relevant factors. (Supersedes Safety Recommendations A-87-091 and A-87-093) (Superseded by Safety Recommendations A-95-58 through A-95-65)
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action/Superseded
Mode: Aviation
Location: MOUNT HALEAKALA, HI, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: LAX92MA184
Accident Reports: Tomy International, Inc. d/b/a Scenic Air Tours Flight 22, Beech Model E18S, N342E In-Flight Collision with Terrain
Report #: AAR-93-01
Accident Date: 4/22/1992
Issue Date: 2/19/1993
Date Closed: 8/1/1995
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action/Superseded)
Keyword(s): Air Tours

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/1/1995
Response: ON 6/1/95, THE BOARD ADOPTED THE FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS OF ITS SPECIAL INVESTIGATION ON THE SAFETY OF THE AIR TOUR INDUSTRY IN THE UNITED STATES. AS A RESULT OF INFO OBTAINED DURING THIS SPECIAL INVESTIGATION, THE BOARD CLASSIFIED A-93-8 THROUGH -10 CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION/SUPERSEDED." THE ISSUES WILL BE ADDRESSED BY THE NEWLY ADOPTED RECOMMENDATIONS A-95-58 THROUGH -65 THE BOARD WILL FOLLOW FAA ACTIONS ON THIS ISSUE THROUGH THESE LATER RECOMMENDATIONS.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 4/24/1995
Response: THE FAA AGREES WITH THE INTENT OF THESE RECOMMENDATIONS & IS CONSIDERING THE ISSUANCE OF AN ADVANCED NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING (ANPRM) BEFORE THE END OF 1995. THE ANPRM WILL PROPOSE TO PLACE ALL COMMERCIAL SIGHTSEEING OPERATIONS UNDER 14 CFR PART 135. 14 CFR PART 135 OPERATORS ARE REQUIRED TO HAVE OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS MANUALS & TRAINING PROGRAMS.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 2/22/1994
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA AGREES WITH THE INTENT OF THIS RECOMMENDATION AND IS EXPLORING THE FEASIBILITY OF NEW RULES THAT WILL AFFECT THE AIR TOUR/SIGHTSEEING INDUSTRY. FURTHERMORE, THE FAA IS CONSIDERING ISSUING AN ADVANCE NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING (ANPRM) TO OBTAIN PUBLIC COMMENTS ON WHETHER SIGHTSEEING OPERATIONS CURRENTLY CONDUCTED UNDER 14 CFR PART 91 SHOULD BE REGULATED UNDER 14 CFR PART 135. BASED ON THIS INFORMATION, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES RECOMMENDATION A-93-8 "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 4/29/1993
Response: THE FAA AGREES WITH THE INTENT OF THIS RECOMMENDATION AND IS EXPLORING THE FEASIBILITY OF NEW RULES THAT WILL AFFECT THE AIR TOUR/SIGHTSEEING INDUSTRY. THE FAA IS CONSIDERING THE ISSUANCE OF AN ADVANCE NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING (ANPRM) TO OBTAIN PUBLIC COMMENTS ON WHETHER OR NOT SIGHTSEEING OPERATIONS CURRENTLY CONDUCTED UNDER 14 CFR PART 91 SHOULD BE REGULATED UNDER 14 CFR PART 135.