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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-91-062
Details
Synopsis: ON DECEMBER 3, 1990, AT 1354 EASTERN STANDARD TIME, NORTHWEST AIRLINES (NWA) FLIGHT 1482, A MCDONNELL DOUGLAS DC-9, AND NORTHWEST AIRLINES FLIGHT 299, A BOEING 727 (B-727), COLLIDED NEAR THE INTERSECTION OF RUNWAYS 09/27 AND 03C-21C AT DETROIT METROPOLITAN/WAYNE COUNTY AIRPORT (DTW), DETROIT MICHIGAN. THE DC-9 WAS TO BE A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT TO PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, AND THE B-727 WAS TO BE A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT TO MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE. BOTH AIRPLANES WERE OPERATING UNDER FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS (FAR) PART 121 AND INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS PREVAILED AT THE TIME AT DTW. THE B-727 WAS ON ITS TAKEOFF ROLL ON RUNWAY 3C AT THE TIME OF THE COLLISION, AND THE DC-9 HAD TAXIED ONTO THE RUNWAY JUST PRIOR TO THE ACCIDENT. THE B-727 WAS SUBSTANTIALLY DAMAGED, AND THE DC-9 WAS DESTROYED DURING THE COLLISION AND SUBSEQUENT FIRE. OF THE 40 PASSENGERS AND 4 CREWMEMBERS ABOARD THE DC-9, 7 PASSENGERS AND 1 FLIGHT ATTENDANT RECEIVED FATAL INJURIES. NONE OF THE 146 PASSENGERS AND 8 CREWMEMBERS ON THE B-727 WERE INJURED.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: REQUIRE THAT AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL TOWER MANAGERS EMPHASIZE TO LOCAL CONTROLLERS THE NEED FOR POSITION DETERMINATION OF AIRPLANE DEPARTURES IN IFR CONDITIONS WHEN DIRECT OBSERVATIONS OF DEPARTING AIRPLANES ARE NOT POSSIBLE.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: ROMULUS, MI, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA91MA010AB
Accident Reports: NW Airlines, Inc., Flights 1482 and 299 Runway Incursion and Collision
Report #: AAR-91-05
Accident Date: 12/3/1990
Issue Date: 7/23/1991
Date Closed: 5/15/1992
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 5/15/1992
Response: The Safety Board has reviewed Air Traffic Bulletin No. 92-1 containing articles You're Where? and "The Big Picture" These articles emphasize that content of FAA Order 7110.65F, paragraph 3-4, Coordination Between Local and Ground Controllers, and paragraph 3-7, Position Determination. Based on your assurance that these articles are mandatory briefing items and are documented in appropriate ATC training records, Safety Recommendation A-91-62 is now classified as "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 4/8/1992
Response: The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has published two articles in Air Traffic Bulletin No. 92-1 to address this safety issue. The article entitled "You're Where?" emphasizes the contents of FAA Order 7110.65F, paragraph 3-7, Position Determination. The article entitled "The Big Picture" emphasizes the contents of FAA Order 7110.65F, paragraph 3-4, Coordination Between Local and Ground Controllers. These articles are mandatory briefing items and are documented in the appropriate training records. I have enclosed a copy of Air Traffic Bulletin No. 92-1 for the Board's information. I believe that the FAA has met the intent of this safety recommendation, and I consider the FAA's action to be completed.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/27/1992
Response: The Safety Board notes that the FAA is taking action in response to Safety Recommendations A-91-54 through -63 and A-91-65 through -66 and will keep us advised of progress. Pending our further evaluation of these safety recommendations, they are classified as "Open--Acceptable Response."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 10/3/1991
Response: THE FAA HAS PUBLISHED TWO ARTICLES IN THE AIR TRAFFIC BULLETIN NO. 92-1 TO ADDRESS THIS SAFETY ISSUE. THE ARTICLE ENTITLED "YOU'RE WHERE?" THE EMPHASIZES CONTENTS OF FAA ORDER 7110.65F, PARAGRAPH 3-7, POSITION DETERMINATION. THE ARTICLE ENTITLED THE "BIG PICTURE" EMPHASIZES THE CONTENTS OF FAA ORDER 7110.65F, PARAGRAGH 3-4, COORDINATION BETWEEN LOCAL AND GROUND CONTROLLERS. THESE ARTICLES ARE MANDATORY BRIEFING ITEMS AND ARE DOCUMENTED IN THE APPRORIATE TRAINING RECORDS.