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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-91-061
Details
Synopsis: ON DECEMBER 3, 1990, AT 1354 EASTERN STANDARD TIME, NORTHWEST AIRLINES (NWA) FLIGHT 1482, A MCDONNELL DOUGLAS DC-9, AND NORTHWEST AIRLINES FLIGHT 299, A BOEING 727 (B-727), COLLIDED NEAR THE INTERSECTION OF RUNWAYS 09/27 AND 03C-21C AT DETROIT METROPOLITAN/WAYNE COUNTY AIRPORT (DTW), DETROIT MICHIGAN. THE DC-9 WAS TO BE A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT TO PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, AND THE B-727 WAS TO BE A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT TO MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE. BOTH AIRPLANES WERE OPERATING UNDER FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS (FAR) PART 121 AND INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS PREVAILED AT THE TIME AT DTW. THE B-727 WAS ON ITS TAKEOFF ROLL ON RUNWAY 3C AT THE TIME OF THE COLLISION, AND THE DC-9 HAD TAXIED ONTO THE RUNWAY JUST PRIOR TO THE ACCIDENT. THE B-727 WAS SUBSTANTIALLY DAMAGED, AND THE DC-9 WAS DESTROYED DURING THE COLLISION AND SUBSEQUENT FIRE. OF THE 40 PASSENGERS AND 4 CREWMEMBERS ABOARD THE DC-9, 7 PASSENGERS AND 1 FLIGHT ATTENDANT RECEIVED FATAL INJURIES. NONE OF THE 146 PASSENGERS AND 8 CREWMEMBERS ON THE B-727 WERE INJURED.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: REQUIRE THAT AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL TOWER MANAGERS REEMPHASIZE THE CONCEPT AND USE OF PROGRESSIVE TAXI/PROGRESSIVE GROUND MOVEMENT INSTRUCTIONS DURING LOW-VISIBILITY GROUND OPERATIONS IN LOCAL OPERATIONS POSITION STANDARDS HANDBOOKS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: ROMULUS, MI, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA91MA010AB
Accident Reports: NW Airlines, Inc., Flights 1482 and 299 Runway Incursion and Collision
Report #: AAR-91-05
Accident Date: 12/3/1990
Issue Date: 7/23/1991
Date Closed: 6/7/1994
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 6/7/1994
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA HAS ISSUED A CHANGE EFFECTIVE APRIL 28, 1994, TO ORDER 7110-65H, "AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL," WHICH EMPHASIZE THAT PROGRESSIVE TAXI INSTRUCTIONS SHOULD BE CONSIDERED IN REDUCED VISIBILITY CONDITIONS, ESPECIALLY WHEN THE TAXI ROUTE IS NOT VISIBLE FROM THE TOWER. BASED ON THIS INFO & THE ENCLOSED ORDER CHANGE BRIEFING SHEET, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES A-91-61 "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTIONS."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 2/15/1994
Response: THE FAA AGREES WITH THIS RECOMMENDATION & HAS ISSUED A CHANGE TO ORDER 7110.65H, AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL, TO REQUIRE CONTROLLERS TO ISSUE PROGRESSIVE TAXI INSTRUCTIONS DURING REDUCED VISIBILITY CONDITIONS.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/27/1992
Response: The Safety Board notes that the FAA is taking action in response to Safety Recommendations A-91-54 through -63 and A-91-65 through -66 and will keep us advised of progress. Pending our further evaluation of these safety recommendations, they are classified as "Open--Acceptable Response."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 10/3/1991
Response: THE FAA HAS DRAFTED AC 120-XX, SURFACE MOVEMENT GUIDANCE AND CONTROL SYSTEM, TO PROVIDE GUIDANCE FOR DEVELOPING A SURFACE MOVEMENT GUIDANCE PLAN FOR U.S. AIRPORTS CONDUCTING OPERATIONS IN VISIBILITY CONDITIONS LESS THAN 1,200 FEET RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE. AS SOON AS THE AC IS ISSUED, THE FAA WILL REVISE ORDER 7110.65, AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL, TO ENSURE THAT THE INFORMATION IS CONSISTENT WITH THE PROCEDURES CONTAINED IN THE AC.