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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-91-060
Details
Synopsis: ON DECEMBER 3, 1990, AT 1354 EASTERN STANDARD TIME, NORTHWEST AIRLINES (NWA) FLIGHT 1482, A MCDONNELL DOUGLAS DC-9, AND NORTHWEST AIRLINES FLIGHT 299, A BOEING 727 (B-727), COLLIDED NEAR THE INTERSECTION OF RUNWAYS 09/27 AND 03C-21C AT DETROIT METROPOLITAN/WAYNE COUNTY AIRPORT (DTW), DETROIT MICHIGAN. THE DC-9 WAS TO BE A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT TO PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, AND THE B-727 WAS TO BE A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT TO MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE. BOTH AIRPLANES WERE OPERATING UNDER FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS (FAR) PART 121 AND INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS PREVAILED AT THE TIME AT DTW. THE B-727 WAS ON ITS TAKEOFF ROLL ON RUNWAY 3C AT THE TIME OF THE COLLISION, AND THE DC-9 HAD TAXIED ONTO THE RUNWAY JUST PRIOR TO THE ACCIDENT. THE B-727 WAS SUBSTANTIALLY DAMAGED, AND THE DC-9 WAS DESTROYED DURING THE COLLISION AND SUBSEQUENT FIRE. OF THE 40 PASSENGERS AND 4 CREWMEMBERS ABOARD THE DC-9, 7 PASSENGERS AND 1 FLIGHT ATTENDANT RECEIVED FATAL INJURIES. NONE OF THE 146 PASSENGERS AND 8 CREWMEMBERS ON THE B-727 WERE INJURED.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: ISSUE AN ADVISORY CIRCULAR ADDRESSING ACCEPTABLE METHODS FOR THE DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, OPERATION, AND MAINTENANCE OF MOCKUP USED FOR EXIT TRAINING DURING CREWMEMBER EMERGENCY TRAINING, AND PROVIDE GUIDANCE TO FAA INSPECTORS TO ENSURE THAT EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT TRAINING DEVICES ACCURATELY REPLICATE THE INTENDED OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: ROMULUS, MI, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA91MA010AB
Accident Reports: NW Airlines, Inc., Flights 1482 and 299 Runway Incursion and Collision
Report #: AAR-91-05
Accident Date: 12/3/1990
Issue Date: 7/23/1991
Date Closed: 10/20/1992
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action)
Keyword(s): Evacuation, Flightcrew, Training and Education

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 10/20/1992
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT ON 7/13/92, THE FAA REVISED AIR CARRIER OPERATIONS BULLETIN (ACOB) 8-76-46, CREWMEMBER EMERGENCY TRAINING; USE OF MOCKUPS. ALTHOUGH THE BOARD ASKED THE FAA TO ISSUE AN AC, REVISED ACOB 8-76-46 MEETS THE INTENT OF THIS RECOMMENDATION, THEREFORE, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES RECOMMENDATION A-91-60 AS "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 8/11/1992
Response: FAA AGREES WITH THE INTENT OF THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION. ON JULY 13, 1992, THE FAA REVISED AIR CARRIER OPERATIONS BULLETIN (ACOB) 8-76-46, CREWMEMBER EMERGENCY TRAINING; USE OF MOCKUPS. THIS ACOB DIRECTS PRINCIPAL OPERATIONS INSPECTORS (POI) TO REVIEW THEIR ASSIGNED AIR CARRIERS' PROCEDURES FOR ANY TRAINING MODULE THAT INCORPORATES THE USE OF TRAINING DEVICES TO ENSURE THAT IT REALISTICALLY SIMULATES THE EXIT WHICH IT REPRESENTS. THE ACOB ALSO DIRECTS POI'S TO ENSURE THAT THEIR ASSIGNED AIR CARRIERS HAVE ESTABLISHED MAINTENANCE PROGRAMS FOR TRAINING DEVICES WHICH ENSURE THAT EACH DEVICE MAINTAINS THE APPEARANCE, FUNCTIONS, AND FORCES EXISTING DURING THE ORIGINAL APPROVAL.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/27/1992
Response: The Safety Board notes that the FAA is taking action in response to Safety Recommendations A-91-54 through -63 and A-91-65 through -66 and will keep us advised of progress. Pending our further evaluation of these safety recommendations, they are classified as "Open--Acceptable Response."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 10/3/1991
Response: THE FAA IS FINALIZING ITS REPORT ON CABIN EXIT TRAINING AND DEVICES. AS SOON AS THE REPORT IS COMPLETED, THE FAA WILL DRAFT AN AC TO INCORPORATE THE INFORMATION REQUESTED IN THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION.