Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content
Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-91-058
Details
Synopsis: ON DECEMBER 3, 1990, AT 1354 EASTERN STANDARD TIME, NORTHWEST AIRLINES (NWA) FLIGHT 1482, A MCDONNELL DOUGLAS DC-9, AND NORTHWEST AIRLINES FLIGHT 299, A BOEING 727 (B-727), COLLIDED NEAR THE INTERSECTION OF RUNWAYS 09/27 AND 03C-21C AT DETROIT METROPOLITAN/WAYNE COUNTY AIRPORT (DTW), DETROIT MICHIGAN. THE DC-9 WAS TO BE A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT TO PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, AND THE B-727 WAS TO BE A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT TO MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE. BOTH AIRPLANES WERE OPERATING UNDER FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS (FAR) PART 121 AND INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS PREVAILED AT THE TIME AT DTW. THE B-727 WAS ON ITS TAKEOFF ROLL ON RUNWAY 3C AT THE TIME OF THE COLLISION, AND THE DC-9 HAD TAXIED ONTO THE RUNWAY JUST PRIOR TO THE ACCIDENT. THE B-727 WAS SUBSTANTIALLY DAMAGED, AND THE DC-9 WAS DESTROYED DURING THE COLLISION AND SUBSEQUENT FIRE. OF THE 40 PASSENGERS AND 4 CREWMEMBERS ABOARD THE DC-9, 7 PASSENGERS AND 1 FLIGHT ATTENDANT RECEIVED FATAL INJURIES. NONE OF THE 146 PASSENGERS AND 8 CREWMEMBERS ON THE B-727 WERE INJURED.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: INCLUDE DIRECTIONS, IN THE FORTHCOMING ADVISORY CIRCULAR FOR SURFACE MOVEMENT CONTROL GUIDANCE SYSTEMS, THAT 14 CFR 139 CERTIFICATED AIRPORTS, WHICH OPERATE AT RUNWAY VISUAL RANGES OF 1,200 FEET OR LESS, FOLLOW ICAO ANNEX 14 STANDARDS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: ROMULUS, MI, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA91MA010AB
Accident Reports: NW Airlines, Inc., Flights 1482 and 299 Runway Incursion and Collision
Report #: AAR-91-05
Accident Date: 12/3/1990
Issue Date: 7/23/1991
Date Closed: 3/15/1993
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/15/1993
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA HAS PUBLISHED AC 120-57, WHICH DESCRIBES THE STANDARDS & PROVIDES GUIDANCE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SURFACE MOVEMENT GUIDANCE & CONTROL SYSTEM PLAN FOR U.S. AIRPORTS. FURTHERMORE, DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE U.S. & ICAO STANDARDS FOR LOW VISIBILITY OPERATIONS WILL BE FILED WITH ICAO IN ACCORDANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL PROCEDURES. BASED ON THIS INFO, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES RECOMMENDATION A-91-58 "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 12/9/1992
Response: THE FAA AGREES IN PART WITH THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION. THE FAA'S RECENTLY PUBLISHED AC 120-57, SURFACE MOVEMENT GUIDANCE AND CONTROL SYSTEM, DESCRIBES THE STANDARDS AND PROVIDES GUIDANCE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SURFACE MOVEMENT GUIDANCE AND CONTROL SYSTEM PLAN FOR U.S. AIRPORTS CONDUCTING OPERATIONS IN VISIBILITY CONDITIONS LESS THAN 1,200 FEET RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE. COMPLIANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION (ICAO) STANDARDS AND RECOMMENDED PRACTICES WAS ONE OF THE PRIMARY GOALS IN UNDERTAKING THIS EFFORT. HOWEVER, WHERE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE U.S. AND ICAO STANDARDS FOR LOW VISIBILITY OPERATIONS EXIST, THESE DIFFERENCE WILL BE FILED WITH ICAO IN ACCORDANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL PROCEDURES.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/27/1992
Response: The Safety Board notes that the FAA is taking action in response to Safety Recommendations A-91-54 through -63 and A-91-65 through -66 and will keep us advised of progress. Pending our further evaluation of these safety recommendations, they are classified as "Open--Acceptable Response."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 10/3/1991
Response: THE FAA HAS WORKED VERY CLOSELY WITH PILOT, AIRPORT, AIRLINE, AND OTHER INDUSTRY GROUPS TO DEVELOP THE RECENT UPGRADED SIGNING AND MARKING STANDARDS AND THE FORTHCOMING SURFACE MOVEMENT CONTROL GUIDANCE SYSTEM AC. THIS AC PROVIDES GUIDANCE FOR DEVELOPING A SURFACE MOVEMENT GUIDANCE AND CONTROL SYSTEM PLAN FOR U.S. AIRPORTS CONDUCTING OPERATIONS IN VISIBILITY CONDITIONS LESS THAN 1,200 FEET RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE. IN UNDERTAKING THESE EFFORTS, COMPLIANCE WITH ICAO STANDARDS AND RECOMMENDED PRACTICES WAS AND IS ONE OF THE PRIMARY GOALS. TO THE EXTENT CONSIDERED PRACTICABLE AND DESIRABLE, THE FAA BELIEVES THAT THIS GOAL WILL BE ACHIEVED WITH THE PUBLICATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AC. HOWEVER, DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE U.S. AND ICAO STANDARDS FOR LOW VISIBILITY OPERATIONS WILL CONTINUE TO EXIST, AND THESE DIFFERENCES WILL BE FILED WITH ICAO IN ACCORDANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL PROCEDURES.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date:
Response: At the 1990 Board meeting addressing the NTSB’s Most Wanted List of Transportation Safety Improvements (MWL), the Board voted to place Safety Recommendations A-86-33, A-86-40 and A-86-42 on the Federal MWL under the issue category “Runway Incursions/ Ground Collisions of Aircraft.” On November 8, 2007 at the Board meeting addressing the Federal Most Wanted List of Transportation Safety Improvements the category’s name was changed to “Improve Runway Safety.” Since 1990, the Board has voted to include Safety Recommendations A-91-29, A-91-30, A-91-54 through A-91-58, A-91-110 through A-91-115, A-95-86, A-95-92, A-95-93, A-95-97, A-00-66, A-0067, A-00-68, and A-07-57 is this category as well.