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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-91-056
Details
Synopsis: ON DECEMBER 3, 1990, AT 1354 EASTERN STANDARD TIME, NORTHWEST AIRLINES (NWA) FLIGHT 1482, A MCDONNELL DOUGLAS DC-9, AND NORTHWEST AIRLINES FLIGHT 299, A BOEING 727 (B-727), COLLIDED NEAR THE INTERSECTION OF RUNWAYS 09/27 AND 03C-21C AT DETROIT METROPOLITAN/WAYNE COUNTY AIRPORT (DTW), DETROIT MICHIGAN. THE DC-9 WAS TO BE A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT TO PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, AND THE B-727 WAS TO BE A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT TO MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE. BOTH AIRPLANES WERE OPERATING UNDER FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS (FAR) PART 121 AND INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS PREVAILED AT THE TIME AT DTW. THE B-727 WAS ON ITS TAKEOFF ROLL ON RUNWAY 3C AT THE TIME OF THE COLLISION, AND THE DC-9 HAD TAXIED ONTO THE RUNWAY JUST PRIOR TO THE ACCIDENT. THE B-727 WAS SUBSTANTIALLY DAMAGED, AND THE DC-9 WAS DESTROYED DURING THE COLLISION AND SUBSEQUENT FIRE. OF THE 40 PASSENGERS AND 4 CREWMEMBERS ABOARD THE DC-9, 7 PASSENGERS AND 1 FLIGHT ATTENDANT RECEIVED FATAL INJURIES. NONE OF THE 146 PASSENGERS AND 8 CREWMEMBERS ON THE B-727 WERE INJURED.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: REQUIRE THAT CFR 139 CERTIFICATED AIRPORTS USE REFLECTORIZED PAINT FOR AIRPORT SURFACE MARKINGS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: ROMULUS, MI, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA91MA010AB
Accident Reports: NW Airlines, Inc., Flights 1482 and 299 Runway Incursion and Collision
Report #: AAR-91-05
Accident Date: 12/3/1990
Issue Date: 7/23/1991
Date Closed: 12/10/1996
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 12/10/1996
Response: ON 9/10/96, THE FAA REVISED ADVISORY CIRCULAR (AC)150/5370-10A, "STANDARDS FOR SPECIFYING CONSTRUCTION OF AIRPORTS," TO SPECIFY WATERBORNE, EPOXY, METHACRYLATE, & SOLVENT MARKING MATERIALS. ALSO, THE AC EMPHASIZES CHARACTERISTICS OF GLASS BEADS & SILICA SAND THAT INCREASE THE CONSPICUITY & FRICTION CHARACTERISTICS OF MARKINGS. BECAUSE THE REVISED AC SATISFIES THE INTENT OF A-91-56, IT IS CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 10/7/1996
Response: THE FAA HAS INCLUDED IN AC 150/5370-10A, CHANGE 9, INFO WHICH NOW CONTAINS STANDARDS THAT THE AIRPORT OPERATORS ARE REQUIRED TO FOLLOW WHEN USING FEDERAL FUNDS TO PAINT AIRPORT SURFACE MARKINGS, THE AC WAS REVISED TO SPECIFY WATERBORNE, EPOXY, METHACRYLATE, & SOLVENT BASED PAINTS TO IMPROVE DURABILITY & CONSPICUITY OF PAVEMENT MARKING MATERIALS. GLASS BEADS & SILICA SAND HAVE BEEN GIVEN ADDITIONAL EMPHASIS TO INCREASE CONSPICUITY & FRICTION CHARACTERISTICS OF MARKINGS.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/31/1994
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA IS EVALUATING MATERIALS & TECHNIQUES TO IMPROVE DURABILITY & CONSPICUITY OF PAVEMENT MARKINGS AT SEVERAL AIRPORTS & ANTICIPATES COMPLETION OF THIS PROJECT IN 1994. PENDING COMPLETION OF THE PROJECT & IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RESULTS, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES A-91-56 "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 1/31/1994
Response: THE FAA AGREES WITH THE INTENT OF THIS RECOMMENDATION & IS EVALUATING MATERIALS & TECHNIQUES TO IMPROVE DURABILITY & CONSPICUITY OF PAVEMENT MARKING MATERIALS. THE INSTALLATION OF VARIOUS MATERIALS BEING TESTED BEGAN AT SEVERAL AIRPORTS. THE FAA ANTICIPATES COMPLETION OF THIS PROJECT IN 1994. I WILL KEEP THE BOARD APPRISED OF THE FAA'S PROGRESS ON THIS RECOMMENDATION.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/15/1993
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA AGREES WITH THIS RECOMMENDATION. FURTHERMORE, THE FAA IS EVALUATING DIFFERENT TYPES OF PAINT FOR CONSPICUITY & DURABILITY & IS ANTICIPATING THAT THIS PROJECT WILL BE COMPLETED IN 1994. BASED ON THIS INFO, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES RECOMMENDATION A-91-56 "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 12/9/1992
Response: THE FAA AGREES WITH THE INTENT OF THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION AND HAS ESTABLISHED A RESEARCH PROGRAM TO EVALUATE DIFFERENT TYPES OF PAINT FOR CONSPICUITY AND DURABILITY. IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT THIS PROJECT WILL BE COMPLETED IN 1994.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/27/1992
Response: The Safety Board notes that the FAA is taking action in response to Safety Recommendations A-91-54 through -63 and A-91-65 through -66 and will keep us advised of progress. Pending our further evaluation of these safety recommendations, they are classified as "Open--Acceptable Response."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 10/3/1991
Response: THE FAA AGREES WITH THE INTENT OF THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION, BUT DOES NOT AGREE THAT REFLECTORIZED PAINT FOR AIRPORT SURFACE MARKINGS IS THE BEST SOLUTION. THE GLASS BEADS CONTAINED IN THIS TYPE OF PAINT HAVE BEEN KNOWN TO PRODUCE A SLIPPERY SURFACE. FOR THIS REASON, THE FAA IS EVALUATING MATERIALS AND TECHNIQUES TO IMPROVE THE DURABILITY AND CONSPICUITY OF PAVEMENT MARKING MATERIALS.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date:
Response: At the 1990 Board meeting addressing the NTSB’s Most Wanted List of Transportation Safety Improvements (MWL), the Board voted to place Safety Recommendations A-86-33, A-86-40 and A-86-42 on the Federal MWL under the issue category “Runway Incursions/ Ground Collisions of Aircraft.” On November 8, 2007 at the Board meeting addressing the Federal Most Wanted List of Transportation Safety Improvements the category’s name was changed to “Improve Runway Safety.” Since 1990, the Board has voted to include Safety Recommendations A-91-29, A-91-30, A-91-54 through A-91-58, A-91-110 through A-91-115, A-95-86, A-95-92, A-95-93, A-95-97, A-00-66, A-0067, A-00-68, and A-07-57 is this category as well.