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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-91-054
Details
Synopsis: ON DECEMBER 3, 1990, AT 1354 EASTERN STANDARD TIME, NORTHWEST AIRLINES (NWA) FLIGHT 1482, A MCDONNELL DOUGLAS DC-9, AND NORTHWEST AIRLINES FLIGHT 299, A BOEING 727 (B-727), COLLIDED NEAR THE INTERSECTION OF RUNWAYS 09/27 AND 03C-21C AT DETROIT METROPOLITAN/WAYNE COUNTY AIRPORT (DTW), DETROIT MICHIGAN. THE DC-9 WAS TO BE A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT TO PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, AND THE B-727 WAS TO BE A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT TO MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE. BOTH AIRPLANES WERE OPERATING UNDER FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS (FAR) PART 121 AND INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS PREVAILED AT THE TIME AT DTW. THE B-727 WAS ON ITS TAKEOFF ROLL ON RUNWAY 3C AT THE TIME OF THE COLLISION, AND THE DC-9 HAD TAXIED ONTO THE RUNWAY JUST PRIOR TO THE ACCIDENT. THE B-727 WAS SUBSTANTIALLY DAMAGED, AND THE DC-9 WAS DESTROYED DURING THE COLLISION AND SUBSEQUENT FIRE. OF THE 40 PASSENGERS AND 4 CREWMEMBERS ABOARD THE DC-9, 7 PASSENGERS AND 1 FLIGHT ATTENDANT RECEIVED FATAL INJURIES. NONE OF THE 146 PASSENGERS AND 8 CREWMEMBERS ON THE B-727 WERE INJURED.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: IMPROVE STANDARDS FOR AIRPORT MARKING AND LIGHTING DURING LOW-VISIBILITY CONDITIONS, SUCH AS STANDARDS FOR MORE CONSPICUOUS MARKING AND LIGHTING; EVALUATION OF UNIDIRECTIONAL TAXI LINES FOR USE ON ACUTE ANGLE TAXIWAYS; AND REQUIREMENTS FOR STOPBARS OR POSITION-HOLD LIGHTS AT ALL TAXIWAYS THAT INTERSECT ACTIVE RUNWAYS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: ROMULUS, MI, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA91MA010AB
Accident Reports: NW Airlines, Inc., Flights 1482 and 299 Runway Incursion and Collision
Report #: AAR-91-05
Accident Date: 12/3/1990
Issue Date: 7/23/1991
Date Closed: 3/15/1993
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/15/1993
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA HAS UPGRADED & STRENGTHENED THE SIGNAGE & MARKING REQUIREMENTS ON CERTIFICATED AIRPORTS BY ISSUING ADVISORY CIRCULAR (AC) 150/5340-18C, STANDARDS FOR AIRPORT SIGN SYSTEMS, & AC 150/5340-1F, MARKING OF PAVED AREAS ON AIRPORTS. ADDITIONALLY, THE FAA ISSUED AC 120-57, SURFACE MOVEMENT GUIDANCE & CONTROL SYSTEM, WHICH CONTAINS THE REQUIREMENTS FOR STOP BARS & TAXI-HOLDING POSITION LIGHTS FOR OPERATIONS DURING LOW VISIBILITY. BASED ON THIS INFORMATION, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES RECOMMENDATION A-91-54 AS "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 12/9/1992
Response: THE FAA AGREES WITH THE INTENT OF THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION. THE FAA RECENTLY PROVIDED THE SAFETY BOARD WITH COPIES OF ADVISORY CIRCULAR (AC) 150/5340-18C, STANDARDS FOR AIRPORT SIGN SYSTEMS, AND AC 150/5340-1F, MARKING OF PAVED AREAS ON AIRPORTS. THE STANDARDS CONTAINED IN THESE AC'S SIGNIFICANTLY UPGRADE AND STRENGTHEN THE SIGNAGE AND MARKING REQUIREMENTS ON CERTIFICATED AIRPORTS. BASED ON THE GUIDELINES CONTAINED IN THE AC'S CERTIFICATED AIRPORTS ARE BEING ADVISED TO DEVELOP A SIGNING PLAN TO IMPLEMENT THESE NEW SIGNS AND MARKINGS. THE PLAN WILL ADDRESS COMPLEX AND CONFUSING INTERSECTIONS AND WILL BE COORDINATED WITH FAA AND LOCAL PILOT, AIRLINES, AND USER GROUPS. THE FULL IMPLEMENTATION DATE FOR THESE STANDARDS ON CERIFICATED AIRPORTS IN JANUARY 1994. ADDITIONALLY, ON SEPTEMBER 4, 1992, THE FAA ISSUED AC 120-57, SURFACE MOVEMENT GUIDANCE AND CONTROL SYSTEM. THIS AC DESCRIBES THE STANDARDS AND PROVIDES GUIDIANCE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SURFACE MOVEMENT GUIDANCE AND CONTROL SYSTEM PLAN FOR U.S. AIRPORTS CONDUCTING OPERATIONS IN VISIBILITY CONDITIONS LESS THAN 1,200 FEET RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE. THIS AC CONTAINS THE REQUIREMENTS FOR STOP BARS AND TAXI-HOLDING POSITION LIGHTS FOR OPERATIONS DURING LOW VISIBILITY.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/27/1992
Response: The Safety Board notes that the FAA is taking action in response to Safety Recommendations A-91-54 through -63 and A-91-65 through -66 and will keep us advised of progress. Pending our further evaluation of these safety recommendations, they are classified as "Open--Acceptable Response."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 10/3/1991
Response: THE FAA IS CURRENTLY UNDERTAKING A MAJOR EFFORT TO IMPROVE STANDARDS FOR AIRPORT MARKING AND LIGHTING DURING LOW VISIBILITY CONDITIONS. ADVISORY CIRCULAR (AC) 150/5340-18C, STANDARDS FOR AIRPORT SIGN SYSTEMS, AND AC 150/5340-1F, MARKING OF PAVED AREAS ON AIRPORTS, WERE RECENTLY ISSUED. THE STANDARDS CONTAINED IN THESE CIRCULARS SIGNIFICANTLY UPGRADE AND STRENGTHEN THE SIGNAGE AND MARKING REQUIREMENTS ON CERTIFICATED AIRPORTS. BASED ON THE GUIDELINES CONTAINED IN THE AC'S CERTIFICATED AIRPORTS ARE BEING ADVISED TO DEVELOP A SIGNING PLAN TO IMPLEMENT THESE NEW SIGNS AND MARKINGS. THE PLAN WILL ADDRESS COMPLEX AND CONFUSING INTERSECTIONS AND WILL BE COORDINATED WITH FAA AND LOCAL PILOT, AIRLINE, AND USER GROUPS. FULL IMPLEMENTATION DATE FOR THESE STANDARDS ON CERTIFICATED AIRPORTS IS JANUARY 1994. ADDITIONALLY, THE FAA IS PREPARING AN AC ENTITLED SURFACE MOVEMENT GUIDANCE AND CONTROL SYSTEM TO SPECIFY THE REQUIRED LIGHTING AND MARKING SYSTEMS FOR AIRPORTS IN ORDER TO OBTAIN AUTHORIZATION FOR OPERATIONS UNDER LOW VISIBILITY CONDITIONS BELOW 1200 AND 600 RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (RVR). VISUAL AID REQUIREMENTS ADDRESSED IN THIS AC INCLUDE TAXIWAY EDGE AND CENTERLINE LIGHTS, TAXI HOLDING POSITION LIGHTS, TAXIWAY GUIDANCE SIGNING AND MARKING, CLEARANCE BARS, AND STOP BARS.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date:
Response: At the 1990 Board meeting addressing the NTSB’s Most Wanted List of Transportation Safety Improvements (MWL), the Board voted to place Safety Recommendations A-86-33, A-86-40 and A-86-42 on the Federal MWL under the issue category “Runway Incursions/ Ground Collisions of Aircraft.” On November 8, 2007 at the Board meeting addressing the Federal Most Wanted List of Transportation Safety Improvements the category’s name was changed to “Improve Runway Safety.” Since 1990, the Board has voted to include Safety Recommendations A-91-29, A-91-30, A-91-54 through A-91-58, A-91-110 through A-91-115, A-95-86, A-95-92, A-95-93, A-95-97, A-00-66, A-0067, A-00-68, and A-07-57 is this category as well.