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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-91-030
Details
Synopsis: ON JANUARY 18, 1990, AT 1904 EASTERN STANDARD TIME, EASTERN AIRLINES FLIGHT 111 (EA 111), N8867E, A BOEING 727-225A, COLLIDED WITH N44UE, AN EPPS AIR SERVICE BEECHCRAFT KING AIR A100, WHILE EA 111 WAS LANDING ON RUNWAY 26 RIGHT AT THE WILLIAM B. HARTSFIELD INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, ATLANTA, GEORGIA, AND AS THE KING AIR A100 WAS PREPARING TO TURN OFF THE RUNWAY AFTER HAVING LANDED AHEAD OF EA 111. BOTH AIRPLANES WERE IN RADIO COMMUNICATION WITH THE HARTSFIELD AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL (ATC) TOWER LOCAL CONTROLLER AT THE TIME OF THE ACCIDENT. AS A RESULT OF THE COLLISION, THE KING AIR A100 WAS DESTROYED AND THE B-727 RECEIVED SUBSTANTIAL DAMAGE. THE PILOT OF THE KING AIR WAS FATALLY INJURED, AND THE COPILOT WAS SERIOUSLY INJURED. THERE WERE NO PASSENGERS ONBOARD THE KING AIR AND THERE WERE NO REPORTED INJURIES ON THE B-727.
Recommendation: TO THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: Conduct research and development efforts to provide airports that are not scheduled to receive airport surface detection equipment with an alternate, cost effective, system to bring controller and pilot attention to pending runway incursions in time to prevent ground collisions. (superseded by A-95-94)
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action/Superseded
Mode: Aviation
Location: ATLANTA, GA, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA90MA017AB
Accident Reports: Runway Collision of Eastern Airlines Boeing 727, Flight 111 and EPPS Air Service
Report #: AAR-91-03
Accident Date: 1/18/1990
Issue Date: 6/12/1991
Date Closed: 12/21/1995
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action/Superseded)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 12/21/1995
Response: THE BOARD ISSUED A-95-94, WHICH ASKED THE FAA TO CONTINUE THESE EFFORTS & SUGGESTED THE GROUND INDUCTION LOOP AS AN ALTERNATE, COST-EFFECTIVE SYSTEM, AS A RESULT OF THE RUNWAY COLLISION AT THE LAMBERT-ST. LOUIS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT ON 11/22/94. ALSO, IN ITS FINAL REPORT OF THE ST. LOUIS ACCIDENT, THE BOARD CLASSIFIED SAFETY BOARD CLASSIFIED A-91-30 "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION/SUPERSEDED" BY A-95-94.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 10/26/1995
Response: TESTING OF THE RUNWAY STATUS LIGHTS IS CONTINUING AT BOSTON LOGAN INTERNATIOAL AIRPORTS. THESE LIGHTS ARE LOCATED AT THE RUNWAY-TAXIWAY INTERSECTION & INDICATE WHETHER THE RUNWAY IS IN USE BY LANDING OR DEPARTING AIRCRAFT. IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT THE TESTING WITH PILOTS WILL BE ACCOMPLISHED BETWEEN APRIL & JULY 1996. THE FAA, IN COOPERATION WITH INDUSTRY, PLANS TO DEPLOY TWO LOW-COST RADAR SYSTEMS IN 1996--ONE AT SALT LAKE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, & ONE AT MITCHELL FIELD, MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN. BOTH OF THESE SYSTEMS WILL BE AVAILABLE FOR EVALUATION IN LATE 1996. STANDARDS FOR USE OF SURFACE SENSORS (MAGNETIC, INDUCTIVE LOOP, INFRARED) FOR BOTH LIGHTING CONTROL & SURVEILLANCE WERE ISSUED BY THE RADIO TECHNICAL COMMISSION FOR AERONAUTICS IN APRIL 1994. SEVERAL COMPANIES INVOLVED IN THIS TECHNOLOGY HAVE OFFERED PROPOSALS TO INSTALL RUNWAY INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEMS ON A DEMONSTRATION AIRPORT. TO DATE, NONE OF THESE PROPOSALS ARE ACCEPTABLE BECAUSE THEY FAIL TO ADDRESS A SURVEILLANCE LINK TO DETECT TRAFFIC ON THE APPROACH. THIS IS CRITICAL TO PREVENT AN ARRIVING AIRCRAFT FROM COLLIDING WITH AN AIRCRAFT OR VEHICLE ON THE RUNWAY. THE FAA IS CONTINUING TO WORK WITH THE INDUSTRY ON AN ACCEPTABLE SOLUTION. HOWEVER, LIMITED FUNDS ARE AVAILABLE FOR RESEARCH & FULL-SCALE DEMONSTRATION. IT IS IMPORTANT TO RECOGNIZE THAT ALL OF THESE EFFORTS HAVE IMPACTS ON FAA'S BUDGET & CURRENT BUDGET PROJECTIONS ARE NOT ENCOURAGING FOR THESE CRITICAL SAFETY EFFORTS. SINCE THESE RECOMMENDATIONS ARE VIRTUALLY IDENTICAL, I ASK THAT THE BOARD CLASSIFY ONE AS CLOSED. I WILL CONTINUE TO KEEP THE BOARD INFORMED OF THE FAA'S PROGRESS ON THIS ISSUE.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/30/1995
Response: (CLOSED IN BRIDGETON, MO. REPORT) THE BOARD CLASSIFED THIS RECOMMENDATION "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE ACTION" IN 1994. AS A RESULT OF A NEW RECOMMENDATION BEING MADE IN THIS REPORT, A-91-30 IS NOW CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCPETABLE ACTION/SUPERSEDED" BY A-95-094.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 1/7/1994
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA CONSIDERS THE DIFFERENTIAL GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM A VIABLE SURVEILLANCE METHOD ON AIRPORTS. ALSO, OTHER SURFACE SENSORS APPEARS PROMISING. THE BOARD ALSO NOTES THAT THE FAA IS CONSIDERING THE USE OF MARINE-X-BAND RADAR AS A POSSIBLE. ALTERNATIVE TO ASDE III FOR LOWER ACTIVITY AIRPORTS. THE BOARD APPRECIATES BEING APPRISED OF THESE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES AND CLASSIFIES RECOMMENDATION A-91-30 "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONE."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 10/22/1993
Response: THE FAA ISSUED 12 CONTRACTS UNDER THE BOARD AGENCY ANNOUNCEMENT ON ALTERNTIVE TECHNOLOGIES. AS A RESULT, DIFFERENTIAL GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM IS CONSIDERED A VIABLE SURVEILLANCAE METHOD ON AIRPORTS. IN ADITION, DEMONSTRATIONS OF SURFACE SENSORS (INDUCTIVE LOOP, MAGNETIC, ETC.) WERE PROMISING ENOUGH THAT THE RADIO TEHNICAL COMMISSION FOR AERONAUTICS ESTABLISHED A SPECIAL COMMITTEE TO EXAMINE STANDARDS FOR SURFACE SENSORS. THE FAA SUCESSFULLY DEMONTRATED THE USE OF A MARINE X-BAND RADAR AT BOSTON-LOGAN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AS A POSSIBLE ALTERNATE AIRPORT SURFACE DETECTION EQUIPMENT FOR LOWER ACTIVITY AIRPORTS. THE FAA IS CURRENTLY IDENTIFYING REQUIREMENTS FOR FIELDING SUCH A SYSTEM.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 6/19/1992
Response:

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/5/1992
Response: ON JULY 15, 1991, THE FAA PUBLISHED ANNOUNCEMENT BAA-91-002, DEMONSTRATION OF ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES TO PREVENT RUNWAY INCURSIONS, IN THE COMMERCE BUSINESS DAILY. AS OF FEBRUARY 1, 1992, THE FAA RECEIVED 96 OFFERS OF TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS TO PREVENTING RUNWAY INCURSIONS. OF THE TOTAL OFFERS RECEIVED, THE FAA HAS REQUESTED FULL PROPOSALS 36 COMPANIES AND/OR INDIVIDUALS. TECHNICAL EVALUATIONS ARE COMPLETED ON 8 OF THE 10 PROPOSALS RECEIVED TO DATE. IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT THE FAA WILL AWARD CONTRACTS TO AT LEAST 6 OF THE EVALUATED PROPOSALS BY MAY 1992. HOWEVER, THE SOLICITATION IS OPEN UNTIL JULY 15, 1992. UP TO 13 SEPARATE CONTRACTS EXAMINING LOW-COST ALTERNATIVES TO ADSE-III ARE ANTICIPATED. THE BOARD WILL BE ADVISED OF THE TECHNICAL APPROACH TO BE DEMONSTRATED WITH EACH CONTRACT AWARD.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 11/15/1991
Response:

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 8/12/1991
Response: THE FAA INTENDS TO FUND A SERIES TO TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATIONS SUCH AS MAGNETIC LOOP SENSORS, INFRARED SENSORS, TRANSPONDER SYSTEMS, AND GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY OVER THE NEXT YEAR. A SECOND PROJECT ADDRESSING RUNWAY STATUS LIGHTS IS UNDER DEVELOPMENT BY MIT LINCOLN LAB FOR DEMONSTRATION AT BOSTON-LOGAN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT BY DECEMBER 1992. THESE LIGHTS WILL BE ACTIVATED WHEN THE RUNWAY IS "HOT" BASE ON RADAR SENSING OF AIRCRAFT ON THE APPROACH OR AIRCRAFT AND ACCELERATING DECELERATING ON THE RUNWAY. THESE RUNWAY STATUS LIGHTS WOULD OPERATE INDEPENDENT OF THE CONTROLLER BY ACTING AS AN AUTOMATED BACKUP FOR THE PILOT.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date:
Response: At the 1990 Board meeting addressing the NTSB’s Most Wanted List of Transportation Safety Improvements (MWL), the Board voted to place Safety Recommendations A-86-33, A-86-40 and A-86-42 on the Federal MWL under the issue category “Runway Incursions/ Ground Collisions of Aircraft.” On November 8, 2007 at the Board meeting addressing the Federal Most Wanted List of Transportation Safety Improvements the category’s name was changed to “Improve Runway Safety.” Since 1990, the Board has voted to include Safety Recommendations A-91-29, A-91-30, A-91-54 through A-91-58, A-91-110 through A-91-115, A-95-86, A-95-92, A-95-93, A-95-97, A-00-66, A-0067, A-00-68, and A-07-57 is this category as well.