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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-88-135
Details
Synopsis: ON NOVEMBER 15, 1987, CONTINENTAL AIRLINES, INC., FLIGHT 1713, A MCDONNELL DOUGLAS DC-9-14, N626TX, WAS OPERATING AS A REGULARLY SCHEDULED, PASSENGER-CARRYING FLIGHT BETWEEN DENVER, COLORADO, AND BOISE, IDAHO. THE AIRPLANE WAS CLEARED TO TAKE OFF FOLLOWING A DELAY OF APPROXIMATELY 27 MINUTES AFTER DEICING. THE TAKEOFF ROLL WAS UNEVENTFUL, BUT FOLLOWING A RAPID ROTATION, THE AIRPLANE CRASHED OFF THE RIGHT SIDE OF RUNWAY 35 LEFT. BOTH PILOTS, 1 FLIGHT ATTENDANT, AND 25 PASSENGERS SUSTAINED FATAL INJURIES. TWO FLIGHT ATTENDANTS AND 52 PASSENGERS SURVIVED.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: EXPEDITE THE EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ASSOCIATION OF EUROPEAN AIRLINES GUIDELINES CONCERNING THE USE OF EUROPEAN TYPES I AND II DEICING AND ANTI-ICING FLUIDS. IF EUROPEAN METHODOLOGY IS MORE EFFECTIVE THAN CURRENT U.S. METHODOLOGY, INCORPORATE THEIR GUIDELINES INTO THE NEXT VERSION OF ADVISORY CIRCULAR 200-17.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: DENVER, CO, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA88MA004
Accident Reports: Continental Airlines, Inc., Flight 1713 McDonnell Douglas DC-9-14, N626TX
Report #: AAR-88-09
Accident Date: 11/15/1987
Issue Date: 11/3/1988
Date Closed: 12/4/1996
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Icing, Weather

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 12/4/1996
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA HAS COMPLETED ITS ACTION TO INCORPORATE INFO REGARDING DEICING & ANTI-ICING FLUIDS INTO GUIDANCE MATERIAL FOR THE AVIATION COMMUNITY. THE FAA HAS ISSUED REGULATIONS ADDRESSING DEICING/ANTI-ICING FOR 14 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS (CFR) PARTS 121 & 135 AIR CARRIERS. ADDITIONALLY, THE FAA HAS ISSUED FOUR ADVISORY CIRCULARS PROVIDING TYPE II FLUID INFO FOR FLIGHT OPERATIONS. THE INFO WAS UPDATED IN SEVERAL FLIGHT STANDARDS INFO BULLETINS FOR AIR TRANSPORTATION THAT PERTAIN TO OPERATIONS DURING FREEZING DRIZZLE & LIGHT FREEZING RAIN, & FOR NEW HOLDOVER TIMES FOR TYPE I & II FLUIDS. THE FAA HAS ALSO PUBLISHED A THREE-PART SERIES OF ARTICLES IN THE FAA AVIATION NEWS ENTITLED "THE CLEAN AIRCRAFT CONCEPTS." THE ARTICLES PROVIDE INFO RELATING TO AIRCRAFT ICING. BASED ON THE FAA'S ACTIONS, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES RECOMMENDATION A-88-135 "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 9/16/1996
Response: THE FAA HAS COMPLETED ITS ACTION TO INCORPORATE INFO REGARDING DEICING & ANTI-ICING FLUIDS INTO GUIDANCE MATERIAL FOR THE THE AVIATION COMMUNITY. IT HAS ISSUED REGULATIONS ADDRESSING DEICING/ANTI-ICING FOR 14 CFR 121 & 135 AIR CARRIERS. ADDITIONALLY, THE FAA ISSUED FOUR ADVISORY CIRCULARS, PROVIDING TYPE II FLUID INFO. THE INFO WAS UPDATED IN SEVERAL FLIGHT STANDARDS INFO BULLETINS FOR AIR TRANSPORTATION THAT PERTAIN TO FREEZING DRIZZLE & LIGHT FREEZING RAIN, & NEW HOLDOVER TIMES FOR TYPE I & TYPE II FLUIDS. THAT FAA HAS ALSO PUBLISHED A THREE PART SERIES OF ARTICLES IN THE FAA AVIATION NEWS ENTITLED THE CLEAN AIRCRAFT CONCEPT.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 6/7/1994
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT THE FAA IS REVISING AC 20-117 TO INCORPORATE INFO ON THE NEW TYPE I & TYPE II DEICING FLUIDS & METHODOLOGIES FOR THEIR OPERATIONAL USE. BASED ON THIS INFO, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES A-88-135 "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE" & WILL EVALUATE THE DETAILS OF THESE ACTION UPON RECEIPT OF A DRAFT COPY OF THE AC.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 4/29/1994
Response: THE FAA INTRODUCED CHANGES IN 1992 TO FAA RUGULATIONS GOVERNING 14 CFR PART 121 AIR CARRIER GROUND OPERATIONS IN ENVIRONMENT CONDITIONS CONDUCIVE TO AIRCRAFT ICING. ONE OF THESE CHANGES ENDORSED THE USE TO TYPE I & TYPE II DEICING & ANTI-ICING FLUIDS WHICH CONFORM TO THE SOCIETY FOR AUTOMATIVE ENGINEERS' & INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS ORGAINZATION SPECIFICATIONS. THE ASSOCIATION OF EUROPEAN AIRLINES HAS ADOPTED THE ISO FLUID SPECIFICATIONS & THE SAE FLUID VERY SIMILAR TO THEIR OLD SPECIFICATION & THE SAE FLUID SPECIFICATIONS. BOTH TYPE I AND TYPE II DEICING FLUIDS ARE WIDELY USED THROUGHOUT NORTH AMERICA, WESTERN EUROPE, & JAPAN. MOST DEICING FLUID MANUFACTURERS PRODUCE TYPE I & TYPE II DEICING/ANTI-ICING FLUIDS THAT MEET BOTH SAE AN ISO/ASSOCIATION OF EUROPEAN AIRLINES' SPECIFICATION. CONSEQUENTLY, THE FAA IS REVISING ADVISORY CIRCULAR 20-117 TO INCORPORATE INFO ON THE NEW TYPE I & TYPE II FLUIDS & METHODOLOGIES FOR THEIR OPERATIONAL USE. I WILL PROVIDE THE BOARD WITH A COPY OF THE AC AS SOON AS IT IS PUBLISHED FOR COMMENT.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 5/12/1992
Response: This is to request a progress report on Safety Recommendation A-88-135 issued on November 3, 1988, now held in an "Open--Acceptable Response" status. This recommendation stemmed from the Safety Board's investigation of an accident at Stapleton International Airport in Denver, Colorado, on November 15, 1987, involving a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-14. The airplane crashed on takeoff following a delay of approximately 27 minutes after deicing. Safety Recommendation A-88-135 asked the FAA to (1) expedite the evaluation of the effectiveness of Association of European Airlines guidelines concerning the use of European Types I and II deicing and anti-icing fluids, and (2) if European methodology is more effective than current U.S. methodology, incorporate their guidelines into the next version of Advisory Circular 200-17. The FAA's response of January 2, 1990, indicated that the advantages and disadvantages of the Type II deicing fluid were being evaluated and that the Safety Board would be kept apprised of progress.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 1/31/1990
Response: We note that the FAA is evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of the type II deicing fluid and will apprise the Safety Board of progress. This safety recommendation is classified as "Open--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 1/2/1990
Response: "THE SAE AIRCRAFT GROUND DEICING AD HOC COMMITTEE-- IS PARTICIPATING IN A COOPERATIVE TEST PROGRAM TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TYPE II ANTI-ICING FLUIDS.-- NASA PLANS TO CONDUCT ICING TUNNEL TESTS TO EVALUATE TYPE II FLUIDS ON TRANSPORT AIRPLANE SCALE MODELS AND IS ALSO CONSIDERING A FLIGHT TEST EVALUATION OF TYPE II FLUIDS ON A COMMUTER AIRPLANE. THE FAA WILL SUPPORT A FLIGHT TEST EVALUATION OF TYPE II FLUIDS ON GENERAL AVIATION AIRPLANE-- FOUR U.S. AIRLINES-- WILL USE TYPE II FLUIDS THIS WINTER SEASON ON A TEST BASIS.-- THE FAA WILL CONSIDER THESE RESULTS IN THE PREPARATION OF AN APPROPRIATE REVISION TO AC 2OO-117."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 1/30/1989
Response: THE FAA BELIEVES THAT THE GUIDELINES FOR DEICING AND ANTI ICING FLUIDS AND PROCEDURES CONTAINED IN AC-20-117 ARE ADEQUATE. THESE GUIDELINES ARE CURRENTLY USED IN NORTH AMERICA AND EUROPE. THE ASSOCIATION OF EUROPEAN AIRLINES' RECOMMENDATIONS ARE QUITE SPECIFIC AND LIMIT APPLICATION TO SPECIFIC FLUIDS, AIRCRAFT TYPES, AND APPLICATION TECHNIQUES. THE SOCIETY FOR AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERS (SAE) IS FORMING AN AIRCRAFT GROUND DEICING AD HOC COMMITTEE TO PREPARE INDUSTRY STANDARDS FOR THE AIRCRAFT GROUND DEICING PROCESS. THE SAE COMMITTEE WILL CONSIDER THE ASSOCIATION OF EUROPEAN AIRLINES' RECOMMENDATIONS. THE FAA BELIEVES THAT THE SAE'S EFFORT WILL RESULT IN A MERGING OF EUROPEAN AND NORTH AMERICAN STANDARD PRACTICES WHICH WILL ENCOURAGE THE USE OF THE MOST APPROPRIATE TECHNIQUE FOR A PARTICULAR APPLICATION.