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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-88-105
Details
Synopsis: ON MARCH 4, 1987, FISCHER BROS. AVIATION, INC., DOING BUSINESS AS NORTHWEST AIRLINK, FLIGHT 2268, A CONSTRUCCIONES AERONAUTICAS, S.A. (CASA) C-212-CC, N160FB, CRASHED JUST INSIDE THE THRESHOLD OF RUNWAY 21R AT THE DETROIT METROPOLITAN WAYNE COUNTY AIRPORT IN ROMULUS, MICHIGAN. NINE OF THE 19 PERSONS ON BOARD WERE KILLED. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT FORCES AND POSTCRASH FIRE. ON MAY 8, 1987, EXECUTIVE AIR CHARTER, INC., DOING BUSINESS AS AMERICAN EAGLE, FLIGHT 5452, A CASA C-212-CC, CRASHED SHORT OF RUNWAY 9 WHILE ON A VISUAL APPROACH TO THE AIRPORT AT MAYAGUEZ, PUERTO RICO, IN VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS. BOTH CREWMEMBERS WERE KILLED AND THE FOUR PASSENGERS SUSTAINED MINOR INJURIES. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT FORCES AND POSTCRASH FIRE.
Recommendation: TO THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: Amend title 14 Code of Federal Regulations 25.1155 and 23.1155 to provide for a positive means to prevent inadvertent operation of the propellers at blade pitch settings below the flight regime in those airplanes where such operation of the propellers is prohibited. (Superseded by A-94-61 through A-94-63)
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action/Superseded
Mode: Aviation
Location: ROMULUS, MI, United States
Is Reiterated: Yes
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA87MA022
Accident Reports: Fischer Bros. Aviation, Inc. dba NW Airlink, Flight 2268 Construcciones Aeronautics, S.A. (CASA) C-212-CC, N160FB
Report #: AAR-88-08
Accident Date: 3/4/1987
Issue Date: 10/17/1988
Date Closed: 3/2/1994
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action/Superseded)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/2/1994
Response: AS A RESULT OF THE INVESTIGATION INTO THE SAAB ACCIDENT OF FEBRUARY 1, 1994, AND THE OTHER ACCIDENTS, INCIDENTS, AND THE RECOMMENDATION HISTORY. THE BOARD BELIEVES THAT UNLESS TURBOPROPELLER AIRPLANES ARE CERTIFICATED FOR BETA SELECTION IN FLIGHT, REGULATORY ACTION SHOULD BE TAKEN TO PRECLUDE THE POSSIBILITY OF THAT SELECTION. SINCE RECOMMENDATIONS A-88-105 AND A-90-182 ARE STILL OPEN, BUT DO NOT ADEQUATELY REFLECT BOARD'S CURRENT CONCERNS, THEY ARE NOW RECLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION/SUPERSEDED" BY A-94-061, A-94-062, AND A-94-063.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 12/19/1990
Response: Safety Recommendation A-88-105 was reiterated in the letter issuing Safety Recommendations A-90-181 and A-90-182 sent on 12/19/1990. This letter discusses that on December 1, 1989, a Construcciones Aeronauticas, S. A. (CASA) C.212 operated by the U.S. Army crashed while on approach to Patuxent River Naval Air Station, Maryland.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/2/1990
Response: In Safety Recommendation A-88-105, we asked the FAA to amend Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations 25.1155 and 23.1155 to provide for a positive means to prevent inadvertent operation of the propellers at blade pitch settings below the flight regime in airplanes where such operation of the propellers is prohibited. We note that the FAA established an Inter-Directorate Propeller Installation Review Team to review current turbopropeller installations with respect to the means of controlling propeller blade pitch and determined that changes to 14 CFR Parts 23 and 25 are not necessary, provided that the propeller control levers and control systems are designed in compliance with 14 CFR 23.1155 and 25.1155. However, we also note that in view of certain recent accidents, the FAA may propose a rule change or issue advisory material. Pending the FAA's further response, this safety recommendation is also classified as "Open--Acceptable Response."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/1/1990
Response: "THE FAA ESTABLISHED AN INTER-DIRECTORATE PROPELLER INSTALLATION REVIEW TEAM TO REVIEW CURRENT TURBOPROPELLER INSTALLATIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE MEANS OF CONTROLLING PROPELLER BLADE PITCH. THE TEAM HAS COMPLETED ITS REVIEW AND HAS DETERMINED THAT CHANGES TO 14 CFR PARTS 23 AND 25 ARE NOT NECESSARY PROVIDING THE PROPELLER CONTROL AND CONTROL SYSTEMS ARE RIGOROUSLY DESIGNED TO COMPLY WITH 14 CFR 23.1155 OR 25.1155. HOWEVER, IN VIEW OF CERTAIN RECENT ACCIDENTS AND CONTINUING ISSUES RELATED TO THE BETA MODE, THE FAA IS RECONSIDERING THE POSSIBLE NEED FOR REGULATORY CHANGES OR THE ISSUANCE OF ADVISORY MATERIALS--"

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 12/8/1989
Response: In Safety Recommendation A-88-105 we asked the FAA to amend Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations 25.1155 and 23.1155 to provide for a positive means to prevent inadvertent operation of the propellers at blade pitch settings below the flight regime in those airplanes where such operation of the propellers is prohibited. We note that the FAA established an Inter-Directorate Propeller Installation Review Team to review current turbopropeller installations with respect to the means of controlling propeller blade pitch. Pending the FAA's further response, this safety recommendation is also classified as "Open--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 11/9/1989
Response: THE FAA ESTABLISHED AN INTER-DIRECTORATE PROPELLER INSTALLATION REVIEW TEAM TO REVIEW CURRENT TURBOPROPELLER INSTA LATIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE MEANS OF CONTROLLING PROPELLER BLADE PITCH. THE TEAM HAS COMPLETED ITS REVIEW AND IS CURRENTLY DRAFTING A DOCUMENT DESCRIBING THE RECOMMENDATIONS.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 5/19/1989
Response: Safety Recommendations A-88-101, -102, and -105 concern recommended regulatory changes addressing stall warnings and improper propeller use. Each of these safety recommendations is classified as "Open--Acceptable Action" pending completion of the evaluations and reviews discussed in the FAA response.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 1/12/1989
Response: THE FAA HAS ESTABLISHED AN INTER-DIRECTORATE PROPELLER INSTALLATION REVIEW TEAM TO REVIEW CURRENT TURBOPROPELLER INSTALLATIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE MEANS OF CONTROLLING PROPELLER BLADE PITCH. THE TEAM WILL REVIEW HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES, REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS, AND CURRENT AGENCY POLICIES. IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT THE TEAM WILL COMPLETE ITS REVIEW BY MARCH 1989.