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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-88-095
Details
Synopsis: ON MARCH 4, 1987, FISCHER BROS. AVIATION, INC., DOING BUSINESS AS NORTHWEST AIRLINK, FLIGHT 2268, A CONSTRUCCIONES AERONAUTICAS, S.A. (CASA) C-212-CC, N160FB, CRASHED JUST INSIDE THE THRESHOLD OF RUNWAY 21R AT THE DETROIT METROPOLITAN WAYNE COUNTY AIRPORT IN ROMULUS, MICHIGAN. NINE OF THE 19 PERSONS ON BOARD WERE KILLED. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT FORCES AND POSTCRASH FIRE. ON MAY 8, 1987, EXECUTIVE AIR CHARTER, INC., DOING BUSINESS AS AMERICAN EAGLE, FLIGHT 5452, A CASA C-212-CC, CRASHED SHORT OF RUNWAY 9 WHILE ON A VISUAL APPROACH TO THE AIRPORT AT MAYAGUEZ, PUERTO RICO, IN VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS. BOTH CREWMEMBERS WERE KILLED AND THE FOUR PASSENGERS SUSTAINED MINOR INJURIES. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT FORCES AND POSTCRASH FIRE.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: INSPECT FLIGHTCREW RESTRAINTS IN CASA C-212 AIRPLANES TO VERIFY THE ADEQUACY OF OPERATION, CONVENIENCE, AND COMFORT BASED ON ANTHROPOMORPHIC CRITERIA, AND TAKE APPROPRIATE REMEDIAL ACTION.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: ROMULUS, MI, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA87MA022
Accident Reports: Fischer Bros. Aviation, Inc. dba NW Airlink, Flight 2268 Construcciones Aeronautics, S.A. (CASA) C-212-CC, N160FB
Report #: AAR-88-08
Accident Date: 3/4/1987
Issue Date: 10/17/1988
Date Closed: 9/11/1995
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 9/11/1995
Response: THE FAA COMPLETED A REVIEW OF THE INSTALLATION OF THE FLIGHTCREW RESTRAINTS ON THE CASA C-212 AIRPLANES. THERE ARE 39 CASA C-212 AIRPLANES IN OPERATION IN THE UNITED STATES TODAY, BUT ONLY 2 STILL HAVE THE AUTOFLUG SHOULDER HARNESS INSTALLED. THE AUTOFLUG SHOULDER HARNESS WAS INSTALLED AS PART OF THE TYPE DESIGN & WAS DELIVERED WITH THE AIRPLANE TO THE OPERATORS. SUBSEQUENTLY, CASA C-212 OPERATORS HAVE REPLACED THE FACTORY-SUPPLIED PILOT SEAT BELTS & SHOULDER RESTRAINTS WITH A MORE CONFORTABLE TSO-APPROVED SET. IN VIEW OF THE FAA'S RESPONSE, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES A-88-95 "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/15/1995
Response: THE FAA COMPLETED A REVIEW OF THE INSTALLATION OF THE FLIGHTCREW RESTRAINTS ON THE CASA C-212 AIRPLANES. THERE ARE CASA C-212 AIRPLANES IN OPERATION IN THE UNITED STATES TODAY, BUT ONLY 2 STILL HAVE THE AUTOFLUG SHOULDER HARNESS INSTALLED. THE AUTOFLUG SHOULDER HARNESS WAS INSTALLED AS PART OF THE TYPE DESIGN & WAS DELIVERED WITH THE AIRPLANE TO THE OPERATORS. SUBSEQUENTLY, CASA C-212 OPERATORS HAVE REPLACED THE FACTORY-SUPPLIED PILOT SEAT BELTS & SHOULDER RESTRAINTS WITH A MORE COMFORTABLE TSO-APPROVED SET.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 1/9/1990
Response: Safety Recommendation A-88-95 concerns flightcrew restraints in CASA airplanes. The Safety Board notes the FAA position that the installation of the CASA C-212 flightcrew restraints meet the requirements of the applicable regulations. Further, it is noted that the FAA letter mentions that "most ... operators have ... a more comfortable and convenient TSO-approved set" of restraints. This tends to reinforce the Safety Board's position that the safety harnesses are of such discomfort and anthropomorphic nuisance that operators are replacing them without being compelled to. The Safety Board will maintain Safety Recommendation A-88-95 as "Open-- Acceptable Action," pending further results of the anthropomorphic evaluation

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 9/15/1989
Response: THE FAA HAS REVIEWED THE CASA C-212 FLIGHCREW RESTRAINTS. ALTHOUGH THEY MAY BE UNCOMFORTABLE, THEY ARE LEGAL IN THAT ALL REQUIRED FLIGHTCREW FUNCTIONS MAY BE PERFORMED. THE FAA IS GOING TO EVALUATE THE "ANTHROPOMORPHIC CRITERIA" AND WILL ISSUE CORRECTIVE ACTION, IF FOUND NEEDED. MOST OPERATORS HAVE REPLACED THE FACTORY BELTS WITH TSO-APPROVED SUBSTITUTES.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 5/19/1989
Response: Safety Recommendations A-88-92 through -96 concern general aircraft crashworthiness and certain characteristics of the CASA-212 airplane. Pending completion of the review discussed in the FAA response, these Safety Recommendations are classified as "Open--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 1/12/1989
Response: THE FAA HAS INITIATED A REVIEW OF THE CASA-212 AIRPLANE DESIGN TO DETERMINE IF THE SEATS AND THE ARMRESTS INTRUDE INTO THE PATHWAY TO THE TYPE II AND TYPE III EXITS, TO DETERMINE IF THE LADDER INSTALLATION (INSTALLED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUPPLEMENTAL TYPE CERTIFICATE STC906GL) PROVIDES ADEQUATE VIEW AND ACCESS TO THE DOOR HANDLE, OF THE INSTALLATION OF THE BULKHEAD-REFRESHMENT CENTER FOR CRASHWORTHINESS, AND OF THE INSTALLATION OF THE FLIGHTCREW RESTRAINTS AND WHETHER THE RESTRAINTS MAY RESTRICT PILOT ABILITIES TO OPERATE ALL CONTROLS. AS SOON AS THE REVIEW IS COMPLETE, I WILL APPRISE THE BOARD OF THE FAA'S PLANNED ACTION. THE FAA IS CONSIDERING SEVERAL PROPOSALS TO AMEND THE COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANE STANDARDS AS THEY RELATE TO CABIN FIRE SAFETY FEATURES. AS SOON AS THE PROPOSALS ARE FINALIZED, I WILL APPRISE THE BOARD OF THE FAA'S PLANNED ACTION TO RESPOND TO THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION.