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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-88-093
Details
Synopsis: ON MARCH 4, 1987, FISCHER BROS. AVIATION, INC., DOING BUSINESS AS NORTHWEST AIRLINK, FLIGHT 2268, A CONSTRUCCIONES AERONAUTICAS, S.A. (CASA) C-212-CC, N160FB, CRASHED JUST INSIDE THE THRESHOLD OF RUNWAY 21R AT THE DETROIT METROPOLITAN WAYNE COUNTY AIRPORT IN ROMULUS, MICHIGAN. NINE OF THE 19 PERSONS ON BOARD WERE KILLED. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT FORCES AND POSTCRASH FIRE. ON MAY 8, 1987, EXECUTIVE AIR CHARTER, INC., DOING BUSINESS AS AMERICAN EAGLE, FLIGHT 5452, A CASA C-212-CC, CRASHED SHORT OF RUNWAY 9 WHILE ON A VISUAL APPROACH TO THE AIRPORT AT MAYAGUEZ, PUERTO RICO, IN VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS. BOTH CREWMEMBERS WERE KILLED AND THE FOUR PASSENGERS SUSTAINED MINOR INJURIES. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT FORCES AND POSTCRASH FIRE.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: REMEDY THE DEFICIENCIES IN COMPLIANCE WITH TITLE 14 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS 25.809, .811, AND .813 OF THE SUPPLEMENTAL TYPE CERTIFICATE FOR THE CASA C-212-CC MAIN DOOR REGARDING ACCESSIBILITY TO DOOR CONTROLS DURING EMERGENCY CONDITIONS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: ROMULUS, MI, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA87MA022
Accident Reports: Fischer Bros. Aviation, Inc. dba NW Airlink, Flight 2268 Construcciones Aeronautics, S.A. (CASA) C-212-CC, N160FB
Report #: AAR-88-08
Accident Date: 3/4/1987
Issue Date: 10/17/1988
Date Closed: 3/23/1990
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/23/1990
Response: Safety Recommendations A-88-92 and -94 concern removal of restrictions to emergency exits created by certain passenger seats, bulkheads, and headroom in CASA-212 airplanes. Safety Recommendation A-88-93 addresses removal of door control obstructions, as posed by certain equipment installed under a supplemental type certificate. The Safety Board notes that the FAA has fully implemented these safety recommendations by issuance of airworthiness directives (Docket No. 89-NM-29-AD; Amendment 39-6320 and 89-NM-111-AD; Amendment 39-6363, respectively). Accordingly, these safety recommendations are classified as "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 2/7/1990
Response: ON OCTOBER 5, 1989, THE FAA ISSUED A FINAL RULE AD APPLICABLE TO CERTAIN C-212 AIRPLANES REQUIRING REMOVAL OF THE STEP, HANDRAILS, DOOR LATCH MODIFICATIONS, AND ASSOCIATED HARDWARE INSTALLED UNDER STC SA906GL. I CONSIDER THE FAA'S ACTION COMPLETE.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 1/9/1990
Response: Safety Recommendations A-88-92, -93, -94, and -96 concern the crashworthiness and certain design characteristics of the CASA-212 airplane. The Safety Board notes the regulatory actions being taken by the FAA through notices of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) regarding CASA-212 passenger seats, main door stair, head clearance, partitions/bulkheads, and seat materials. Pending completion of the reviews discussed in the FAA response, these safety recommendations are classified as "Open- -Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 9/15/1989
Response: ON MAY 1, 1989, THE FAA ISSUED A NPRM PROPOSING TO ENSURE THAT NO PART OF THE RIGHT REAR PASSENGER SEAT OBSTRUCTS THE EMERGENCY DOOR EXIT (PERTAINS TO A-88-92) AND ENSURING HEAD CLEARANCE BETWEEN THE LEFT FORWARD PASSENGER SEAT AND HARD STRUCTURE, SUCH AS THE ADJACENT BULKHEAD (PERTAINS TO A-88-094). THE FAA IS CONSIDERING AN NPRM PROPOSING REMOVAL OR MODIFICATION OF THE STAIR (PERTAINS TO A-88-93). THE FAA IS DEVELOPING SEVERAL PROPOSALS TO AMEND CABIN SAFETY OF COMMUTER AIRCRAFT, INCLUDING FIRE-BLOCKING SEAT MATERIALS (PERTAINS TO A-88-96).

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 5/19/1989
Response: Safety Recommendations A-88-92 through -96 concern general aircraft crashworthiness and certain characteristics of the CASA-212 airplane. Pending completion of the review discussed in the FAA response, these Safety Recommendations are classified as "Open--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 1/12/1989
Response: THE FAA HAS INITIATED A REVIEW OF THE CASA-212 AIRPLANE DESIGN TO DETERMINE IF THE SEATS AND THE ARMRESTS INTRUDE INTO THE PATHWAY TO THE TYPE II AND TYPE III EXITS, TO DETERMINE IF THE LADDER INSTALLATION (INSTALLED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUPPLEMENTAL TYPE CERTIFICATE STC906GL) PROVIDES ADEQUATE VIEW AND ACCESS TO THE DOOR HANDLE, OF THE INSTALLATION OF THE BULKHEAD-REFRESHMENT CENTER FOR CRASHWORTHINESS, AND OF THE INSTALLATION OF THE FLIGHTCREW RESTRAINTS AND WHETHER THE RESTRAINTS MAY RESTRICT PILOT ABILITIES TO OPERATE ALL CONTROLS. AS SOON AS THE REVIEW IS COMPLETE, I WILL APPRISE THE BOARD OF THE FAA'S PLANNED ACTION. THE FAA IS CONSIDERING SEVERAL PROPOSALS TO AMEND THE COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANE STANDARDS AS THEY RELATE TO CABIN FIRE SAFETY FEATURES. AS SOON AS THE PROPOSALS ARE FINALIZED, I WILL APPRISE THE BOARD OF THE FAA'S PLANNED ACTION TO RESPOND TO THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION.