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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-87-096
Details
Synopsis: THE NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD HAS COMPLETED ITS INVESTIGATION AND REPORT OF THE MIDAIR COLLISION BETWEEN AERONAVES DE MEXICO (AEROMEXICO) FLIGHT 498, A DC-9-32, AND A GENERAL AVIATION PIPER PA-28-181, WHICH OCCURRED OVER CERRITOS, CALIFORNIA, ON AUGUST 31, 1986. AEROMEXICO FLIGHT 498 WAS OPERATING UNDER INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES (IFR) DESTINED FOR THE LOS ANGELES INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT ON A SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT FROM TIJUANA, MEXICO. THE PA-28 WAS CLIMBING UNDER VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR) AFTER DEPARTURE FROM TORRANCE, CALIFORNIA. THE COLLISION OCCURRED ABOUT 8 MILES BEYOND THE POINT AT WHICH FLIGHT 498 CROSSED THE BOUNDARY OF THE LOS ANGELES TERMINAL CONTROL AREA (TCA) NEAR 6,500 FEET MEAN SEA LEVEL. BOTH AIRPLANES FELL TO THE GROUND WITHIN THE CITY LIMITS OF CERRITOS. FIVE HOUSES WERE DESTROYED AND SEVEN OTHER HOUSES WERE DAMAGED BY AIRPLANE WRECKAGE AND POSTIMPACT FIRE. FIFTY-EIGHT PASSENGERS AND 6 CREWMEMBERS ON THE DC-9, THE PILOT AND 2 PASSENGERS ON THE PA-28, AND 15 PEOPLE ON THE GROUND WERE KILLED IN THE ACCIDENT.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: IMPLEMENT PROCEDURES TO TRACK, IDENTIFY, AND TAKE APPROPRIATE ENFORCEMENT ACTION AGAINST PILOTS WHO INTRUDE INTO AIRPORT RADAR SERVICE AREAS (ARSAS) WITHOUT THE REQUIRED AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL (ATC) COMMUNICATIONS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: CERRITOS, CA, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA86AA041AB
Accident Reports: Collision of Aeronaves De Mexico, S.A. McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32, XA-JED and Piper PA-28-181, N4891F
Report #: AAR-87-07
Accident Date: 8/31/1986
Issue Date: 7/27/1987
Date Closed: 3/17/1988
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/17/1988
Response: We note that the provisions of General Notice N7210.301, Controlled Area Intrusions, has been incorporated in Change 3 to Handbook 7210 to require the tracking and identification of aircraft that enter airport radar service areas without authorization, and that Compliance and Enforcement Bulletin No. 86-2 was issued on March 9, 1987. These actions by the FAA satisfy the intent of this recommendation which is classified as "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 10/19/1987
Response: THE FAA ISSUED GENERAL NOTICE N7210.301, CONTROLLED AREA INTRUSIONS, AND INCORPORATED THE PROVISIONS OF THIS NOTICE IN CHANGE 3 TO HANDBOOK 7210.3H, FACILITY OPERATION AND ADMINISTRATION. THIS HANDBOOK CHANGE TASKS THE FACILITY MANAGERS TO PROVIDE GUIDANCE IN FACILITY DIRECTIVES FOR THE TRACKING AND IDENTIFICATION OF AIRCRAFT THAT ENTER AIRPORT TRAFFIC AREAS, AIRPORT RADAR SERVICE AREAS, OR TERMINAL CONTROL AREAS WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION. I HAVE ENCLOSED COPIES OF THE NOTICE AND THE HANDBOOK CHANGE FOR THE BOARD'S INFORMATION. TO ADDRESS THE TERMINAL CONTROL AREA VIOLATORS, COMPLIANCE AND ENFORCEMENT BULLETIN NO. 86-2 WAS ISSUED ON 3/9/87, DIRECTING THAT THE SUSPENSION OF AIRMEN CERTIFICATES SHOULD NOT BE LESS THAN 60 DAYS. THE BULLETIN FURTHER DIRECTS THAT CIVIL PENALTY ACTION SHOULD BE USED ONLY WHERE SUSPENSION IS PRECLUDED OR IN LIMITED INSTANCES WHERE A CIVIL PENALTY ($1,000) SHALL BE SOUGHT. I HAVE ENCLOSED A COPY OF THE BULLETIN FOR THE BOARD'S INFORMATION.