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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-86-128
Details
Synopsis: ON NOVEMBER 13, 1986, AT 1225 E.S.T. A LOCKHEED L-1011 OPERATING AS DELTA AIRLINE FLIGHT 194 EN ROUTE FROM ATLANTA, GEORGIA, TO NEWARK, NEW JERSEY, WAS CLEARED FOR AN ILS APPROACH TO RUNWAY 04 AND THEN TO CIRCLE AND TO LAND ON RUN WAY 29. FLIGHT 194 MADE THE APPROACH AND LANDED AND THEN TURNED ONTO A PARALLEL TAXIWAY. THE TOWER OPERATOR OBSERVED WHAT APPEARED TO BE SMOKE COMING FROM THE RIGHT WHEEL BRAKES AND NOTIFIED THE FLIGHTCREW. IT BECAME EVIDENT THAT THE SMOKE WAS ACTUALLY FUEL VAPOR AND THAT FUEL WAS LEAKING FROM THE RIGHT WING NEAR THE LANDING GEAR. THE ENGINES WERE SHUT DOWN, AND THE PASSENGERS AND CREW DEPLANED. FUEL CONTINUED TO LEAK FROM THE RIGHT MAIN FUEL TANK. THERE WERE NO REPORTED INJURIES AND NO FIRE.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: REQUIRE AN IMMEDIATE INSPECTION USING METHODS ADEQUATE TO DETECT FATIGUE CRACKING OF THE WING REAR SPAR WITH EMPHASIS ON THE SPAR WEB AT THE LOWER INBOARD FASTENER HOLE FOR THE FORWARD SIDE DOUBLER REINFORCING THE FUEL FILLER VALVE HOLE OF ALL LOCKHEED L-1011 AIRPLANES HAVING MORE THAN A CONSERVATIVELY ESTABLISHED THRESHOLD OF BOTH FLIGHT HOURS AND FLIGHT CYCLES; THE THRESHOLD SHOULD BE PREDICATED UPON THE TIME AND CYCLES ON THE ACCIDENT PLANE. (URGENT)
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: NEWARK, NJ, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA87MA012
Accident Reports: Delta Air Lines, Lockheed L-1011-385-1, N714DA
Report #: AAR-87-04-SUM
Accident Date: 11/13/1986
Issue Date: 11/19/1986
Date Closed: 3/17/1987
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/17/1987
Response: The Safety Board has reviewed Telegraphic Airworthiness Directive (AD) T86-23-52 and T86-23-52-R1, which require initial and repetitive visual and ultrasonic inspections, respectively, of the wing rear spar on Lockheed L-1011 airplanes. The Board finds that these AD's comply with the intent of this recommendation. Therefore, Safety Recommendation A-86-128 has been classified as "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 1/29/1987
Response: ON NOVEMBER 20, 1986, THE FAA ISSUED TELEGRAPHIC AD T86-23-52, WHICH REQUIRED INITIAL AND REPETITIVE VISUAL INSPECTIONS OF THE WING REAR SPAR ON LOCKHEED L-1011 AIRPLANES. THIS AD WAS SUBSEQUENTLY REVISED ON 12-18-86, BY AD T86-23-52-R1 TO INCLUDE AN ULTRASONIC INSPECTION METHOD.