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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-86-065
Details
Synopsis: ON AUGUST 2, 1985, AT 1805:52 CENTRAL DAYLIGHT TIME, DELTA AIR LINES (DELTA) FLIGHT 191, A LOCKHEED L-1011-385-1, N726DA, CRASHED WHILE APPROACHING TO LAND ON RUNWAY 17L AT THE DALLAS/FORT WORTH INTERNATIONAL (DFW) AIRPORT, TEXAS. WHILE PASSING THROUGH THE RAIN SHAFT BENEATH A THUNDERSTORM, FLIGHT 191 ENTERED A MICROBURST WHICH THE PILOT WAS UNABLE TO TRAVERSE SUCCESSFULLY. THE AIRPLANE STRUCK THE GROUND ABOUT 6,300 FEET NORTH OF THE APPROACH END OF RUNWAY 17L, HIT A CAR ON A HIGHWAY NORTH OF THE RUNWAY KILLING THE DRIVER, STRUCK TWO WATER TANKS ON THE AIRPORT, AND BROKE APART. EXCEPT FOR A SECTION OF THE AIRPLANE CONTAINING THE AFT FUSELAGE AND EMPENNAGE, THE REMAINDER OF THE AIRPLANE DISINTEGRATED DURING THE IMPACT SEQUENCE, AND A SEVERE FIRE ERUPTED DURING THE IMPACT SEQUENCE. OF THE 163 PERSONS ABOARD, 134 PASSENGERS AND CREWMEMBERS WERE KILLED; 26 PASSENGERS AND 3 CABIN ATTENDANTS SURVIVED.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: ISSUE AN AIR CARRIER OPERATIONS BULLETIN TO DIRECT PRINCIPAL OPERATIONS INSPECTORS TO REQUIRE AIR CARRIERS OPERATING UNDER 14 CFR PART 121 TO RECORD IN PILOT TRAINING RECORDS THE SPECIFIC WINDSHEAR SIMULATOR TRAINING ADMINISTERED TO PILOTS DURING INITIAL AND RECURRENT TRAINING SESSIONS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: DALLAS/FT WORTH, TX, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA85AA031
Accident Reports: Delta Air Lines, Inc., Lockheed L-1011-385-1, N726DA
Report #: AAR-86-05
Accident Date: 8/2/1985
Issue Date: 9/3/1986
Date Closed: 3/20/1987
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action)
Keyword(s): Flightcrew, Low Level Windshear, Records, Training and Education, Weather, Wind

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/20/1987
Response: The Safety Board has reviewed the general notice (GENOT) that was issued to all FAA regions and field offices. The Safety Board believes that this GENOT complies with the Board's intent for the air carriers to record additional training information such as windshear avoidance/escape techniques. Safety Recommendation A-86-65 has been classified as "Closed--Acceptable Alternate Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 12/16/1986
Response: THE FAA AGREES WITH THE INTENT OF THIS RECOMMENDATION AND HAS ISSUED A GENOT TO ALL FAA REGIONS AND FIELD OFFICES IN NOVEMBER 1985. THIS GENOT REQUESTS THAT PRINCIPAL OPERATIONS INSPECTORS ENCOURAGE THEIR RESPECTIVE AIR CARRIERS TO MAINTAIN RECORDS THAT REFLECT THE ACCOMPLISHMENT AND OUTCOME OF ALL MANEUVERS AND PROCEDURES ON WHICH AN INDIVIDUAL FLIGHT CREWMEMBER IS TRAINED OR TESTED, WHETHER OR NOT THE MANEUVER OR PROCEDURE IS REQUIRED BY REGULATION.