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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-82-152
Details
Synopsis: ON JANUARY 23, 1982, WORLD AIRWAYS, INC., FLIGHT 30H, A MCDONNELL DOUGLAS DC-10-30, WAS A REGULARLY SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHT FROM OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA, TO BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, WITH AN EN ROUTE STOP AT NEWARK, NEW JERSEY. FOLLOWING A NONPRECISION INSTRUMENT APPROACH TO RUNWAY 15R AT BOSTON-LOGAN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, THE AIRPLANE TOUCHED DOWN ABOUT 2,500 FEET BEYOND THE DISPLACED THRESHOLD OF THE RUNWAY, LEAVING 6,691 FEET REMAINING ON WHICH TO STOP. ABOUT 1936:40, THE AIRPLANE VEERED TO AVOID THE APPROACH LIGHT PIER AT THE DEPARTURE END OF THE RUNWAY AND SLID INTO THE SHALLOW WATER OF BOSTON HARBOR. THE NOSE SECTION SEPARATED FROM THE FORWARD FUSELAGE AFTER THE AIRPLANE DROPPED ONTO THE SHORE EMBANKMENT. OF THE 212 PERSONS ON BOARD, 2 ARE MISSING AND PRESUMED DEAD. THE OTHERS EVACUATED THE AIRPLANE SAFELY, BUT WITH SOME INJURIES. THE REPORTED WEATHER WAS A MEASURED 800-FOOT OVERCAST, 2 1/2 MILE VISIBILITY, LIGHT RAIN AND FOG, TEMPERATURE 35 DEGREES, AND WIND 165 DEGREES AT 3 KNS. THE WET RUNWAY WAS COVERED WITH HARD-PACKED SNOW AND A COATING OF RAIN AND/OR GLAZED ICE.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: AMEND 14 CFR 139.31 AND 14 CFR 139.33 TO REQUIRE THAT AIRPORTS CERTIFIED UNDER 14 CFR 139 AND LOCATED IN AREAS SUBJECT TO SNOW OR FREEZING PRECIPITATION HAVE AN ADEQUATE SNOW REMOVAL PLAN, WHICH INCLUDES CRITERIA FOR CLOSING, INSPECTING, AND CLEARING CONTAMINATED RUNWAYS FOLLOWING RECEIPT OF "POOR" OR "NIL" BRAKING ACTION REPORTS AND TO DEFINE THE MAXIMUM SNOW OR SLUSH DEPTH PERMISSIBLE FOR CONTINUED FLIGHT OPERATIONS. (Supersedes Safety Recommendations A-74-119 through -121 and A-76-136 and -137)
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: BOSTON, MA, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA82AA013
Accident Reports: World Airways, Inc., Flight 30H, McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF, N113WA
Report #: SIR-83-02
Accident Date: 1/23/1982
Issue Date: 12/23/1982
Date Closed: 4/1/1988
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Thunderstorms/Rain/Snow,Weather

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 4/1/1988
Response: The Safety Board has reviewed the FAA's final rule, Amendment Number 139-14, which was issued on November 18, 1987, and which completely revised and reorganized 14 CFR 139. The Safety Board is pleased to note that a snow and ice control plan has been added as a required content of the certification manual for airports located where snow and icing conditions regularly occur. The new rule fulfills the intent of Safety Recommendation A-82-152 which is hereby reclassified as "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 9/2/1987
Response: As you are aware, the resolution of these recommendations is subject to the outcome of Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), Notice No. 85-22, "Revision of Airport Certification Rules." The FAA's response indicated that rulemaking action would be finalized in early 1987, and that we would be provided with a copy of the final rule shortly thereafter. We are anxious to bring these outstanding recommendations to a satisfactory resolution and would appreciate receiving a progress report. The classification of these recommendations remains unchanged.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 12/15/1986
Response: This is a status update of several NTSB recommendations which deal with airports issues. A number of these recommendations cover areas that are subject to ongoing rulemaking procedures under 14 CFR Part 139. Until the FAA has fully assessed and evaluated the comments received, I am not in a position to determine the agency's final position. I must therefore await the completion of the regulatory process before more definitive answers can be given. The NTSB recommendations listed below will be responded to once the rulemaking action has been finalized: A-77-16 A-84-21 A-84-31 A-81-9 A-84-23 A-84-32 A-82-88 A-84-25 A-84-33 Data Source: NTSB Recommendations to FAA and FAA Responses A-82-89 A-84-26 A-84-34 A-82-152 A-84-27 A-84-35 A-83-86 A-84-28 A-84-98 A-83-87 A-84-29 A-84-100 It is anticipated that this rulemaking action will be finalized in the early part of 1987. I will provide the Board with a copy of the final rule shortly thereafter, as well as a more specific response to each of these rcommendations.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 12/14/1983
Response: We note from your April 1, letter that the FAA plans to propose changes to 14 CFR Part 139 that will include amendments to 14 CFR 139.31 and 14 CFR 139.33, which address the concerns cited in Safety Recommendation A-82-152. Staff of FAA's Office of Airport Standards has recently advised our staff that the FAA has initiated these actions and estimates that the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) will be issued during the first quarter of 1984. We will classify Safety Recommendation A-82-152 as "Open--Acceptable Action" pending final rulemaking actions which are responsive to the recommendation.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 4/1/1983
Response: FAA LETTER: 14 CFR 139 IS CURRENTLY BEING REVIEWED FOR POSSIBLE CHANGES THAT WILL BE SET FORTH IN A NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING TO BE ISSUED IN THE NEAR FUTURE. CHANGE TO 14 CFR 139.31 AND 14 CFR 139.33 WILL BE PROPOSED TO REFLECT, AT A MINIMUM, THOSE AREAS IDENTIFIED IN RECOMMENDATION A-82-152.