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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-81-067
Details
Synopsis: ON JANUARY 21, 1981, A GEORGIA-PACIFIC CORPORATION CESSNA CITATION, N501GP, WITH THE PILOT, THE COPILOT, AND THREE PASSENGERS ABOARD, OVERRAN THE END OF RUNWAY 23 FOLLOWING AN INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM (ILS) APPROACH, CRASHED, AND BURNED AT THE MERCER COUNTY AIRPORT, BLUEFIELD, WEST VIRGINIA. THE AIRCRAFT TOUCHED DOWN BETWEEN 500 AND 2,000 FEET ON THE RUNWAY WHICH WAS COVERED WITH WET SNOW, AND IT DID NOT DECELERATE NORMALLY. ABOUT 1,200 FEET FROM THE DEPARTURE END OF THE RUNWAY, THE PILOT ADDED ENGINE THRUST AND ROTATED THE AIRCRAFT FOR LIFTOFF; HOWEVER, IT DID NOT GET AIRBORNE BECAUSE OF INSUFFICIENT FLYING SPEED. THE AIRCRAFT OVERRAN THE END OF THE RUNWAY AND STRUCK THREE LOCALIZER ANTENNAS AND A 10-FOOT EMBANKMENT BEFORE IT PLUNGED DOWN A STEEP, DENSELY WOODED HILLSIDE. ALL FIVE OCCUPANTS WERE KILLED, AND THE AIRCRAFT WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT FORCES AND POSTCRASH FIRE.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: THROUGH ADVISORY CIRCULARS AND/OR OPERATIONS BULLETINS, EMPHASIZE AND REINFORCE IN THE TRAINING CURRICULAR FOR AT LEAST ALL TURBOJET INITIAL AND RECURRENT PHASES THE LIMITATIONS AND THE HAZARDS THAT MAY BE ENCOUNTERED WHEN LANDING ON SLIPPERY RUNWAYS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Bluefield, WV, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA81AA007
Accident Reports: Georgia Pacific Corporation Cessna 500 Citation, N501GP
Report #: AAR-81-09
Accident Date: 1/21/1981
Issue Date: 6/23/1981
Date Closed: 4/11/1983
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Flightcrew, Training and Education

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 4/11/1983
Response: We have examined the advance copy of Operations Bulletin No. 82-3, requiring Aviation Safety Inspectors to ensure that pilots of turbojet airplanes are made aware of the increased landing distance requirements under adverse runway conditions. The instructions contained in this bulletin meet the intent of Safety Recommendation A-81-67 which is now classified in a "Closed--Acceptable Action" status.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 1/28/1983
Response: FAA LETTER: THE FAA WILL ISSUE AN OPERATIONS BULLETIN TO ALERT FIELD INSPECTORS TO DISCUSS THE HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH A POORLY PLANNED APPROACH, EMPHASIZING THE LONGER LANDING DISTANCES THAT MAY BE REQUIRED (DECREASED PERFORMANCE) WHEN LANDING ON WET OR ICY RUNWAYS.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 11/16/1981
Response: We are pleased to be informed that this recommendation is being adopted. Pending the FAA's further response, A-81-67 is classified "Open--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 9/10/1981
Response: FAA LTR: WE PLAN TO ISSUE AN OPERATIONS BULLETIN TO ALERT FIELD INSPECTORS TO ENCOURAGE SLIPPERY RUNWAY TRAINING IN PART 91 OPERATIONS. THIS TRAINING WILL BE ACCOMPLISHED THROUGH CERTIFICATION AND RECURRENT FLIGHT TESTING, IN ADDITION TO A REVIEW OF TRAINING CURRICULUMS FOR ADEQUATE COVERAGE ON THIS SUBJECT. WE ALSO PROPOSE TO REVIEW AC 91-6A TO INCLUDE INFORMATION ABOUT LANDING WITH LOW BRAKING COEFFICIENTS AS A RESULT OF WET OR ICY RUNWAYS. THIS REVISION WILL INCLUDE SAMPLES OF SMALLER TURBOJECT AIRCRAFT (CITATION, LEAR, ETC.) IN ADDITION TO THE LARGER TURBOJET AIRCRAFT NOW DEPICTED.