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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-81-066
Details
Synopsis: ON JANUARY 21, 1981, A GEORGIA-PACIFIC CORPORATION CESSNA CITATION, N501GP, WITH THE PILOT, THE COPILOT, AND THREE PASSENGERS ABOARD, OVERRAN THE END OF RUNWAY 23 FOLLOWING AN INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM (ILS) APPROACH, CRASHED, AND BURNED AT THE MERCER COUNTY AIRPORT, BLUEFIELD, WEST VIRGINIA. THE AIRCRAFT TOUCHED DOWN BETWEEN 500 AND 2,000 FEET ON THE RUNWAY WHICH WAS COVERED WITH WET SNOW, AND IT DID NOT DECELERATE NORMALLY. ABOUT 1,200 FEET FROM THE DEPARTURE END OF THE RUNWAY, THE PILOT ADDED ENGINE THRUST AND ROTATED THE AIRCRAFT FOR LIFTOFF; HOWEVER, IT DID NOT GET AIRBORNE BECAUSE OF INSUFFICIENT FLYING SPEED. THE AIRCRAFT OVERRAN THE END OF THE RUNWAY AND STRUCK THREE LOCALIZER ANTENNAS AND A 10-FOOT EMBANKMENT BEFORE IT PLUNGED DOWN A STEEP, DENSELY WOODED HILLSIDE. ALL FIVE OCCUPANTS WERE KILLED, AND THE AIRCRAFT WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT FORCES AND POSTCRASH FIRE.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: REQUIRE CESSNA TO INCLUDE IN THE APPROPRIATE SECTIONS OF ALL CITATION AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUALS A WARNING THAT SOLID ICE, SNOW, OR SLUSH CORRECTED LANDING DISTANCES MAY NOT BE ADEQUATE IN OPERATIONS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Bluefield, WV, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA81AA007
Accident Reports: Georgia Pacific Corporation Cessna 500 Citation, N501GP
Report #: AAR-81-09
Accident Date: 1/21/1981
Issue Date: 6/23/1981
Date Closed: 4/4/1986
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Icing, Weather

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 4/4/1986
Response: The Safety Board has reviewed the revision to the Cessna Citation flight manuals which accompanied your letter. The inclusion of advisory data for operations on slippery runways along with a warning that the correction factors are minimum values and may be inadequate if surface conditions are worse than stated in the flight manual, complies with the intent of this recommendation. Safety Recommendation A- 81-66 has been classified as "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 2/27/1986
Response: CESSNA AIRCRAFT CORPORATION HAS REVISED THE AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUALS FOR THE MODEL 500 AND 550 SERIES TO INCLUDE, AS ADVISORY INFORMATION, DATA FOR SLIPPERY RUNWAYS. ALSO INCLUDED IS A WARNING THAT THE CORRECTION FACTORS ARE MINIMUM VALUES AND MAY BE INADEQUATE IF RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITIONS ARE WORSE THAN STATED IN THE FLIGHT MANUAL EXAMPLES. ENCLOSED FOR THE BOARD'S INFORMATION AND FILE IS A REPRESENTATIVE COPY OF THE APPROPRIATE SECTION OF THE MODEL 550 CESSNA CITATION FLIGHT MANUAL. THE APPROPRIATE SECTION OF THE MODEL 500 CESSNA CITATION FLIGHT MANUAL HAS SIMILARLY BEEN CHANGED.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 11/16/1981
Response: We are informed that the FAA plans to evaluate this recommendation in greater depth and will advise the Safety Board of its findings. This recommendation is classified "Open--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 9/10/1981
Response: FAA LTR: WE FIND MERIT IN THE RECOMMENDATION THAT A CAUTION OR WARNING BE PROVIDED IN THE APPROVED FLIGHT MANUAL THAT ADVISES THE PILOT THAT COMPUTED LANDING FIELD LENGTHS MAY NOT BE SATISFACTORY FOR OPERATION ON SOLID ICE, SNOW, OR SLUSH COVERED RUNWAYS. WE PLAN TO EVALUATE THIS RECOMMENDATION IN GREATER DEPTH, AND THE BOARD WILL BE INFORMED OF OUR FINDINGS.