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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-81-065
Details
Synopsis: ON JANUARY 21, 1981, A GEORGIA-PACIFIC CORPORATION CESSNA CITATION, N501GP, WITH THE PILOT, THE COPILOT, AND THREE PASSENGERS ABOARD, OVERRAN THE END OF RUNWAY 23 FOLLOWING AN INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM (ILS) APPROACH, CRASHED, AND BURNED AT THE MERCER COUNTY AIRPORT, BLUEFIELD, WEST VIRGINIA. THE AIRCRAFT TOUCHED DOWN BETWEEN 500 AND 2,000 FEET ON THE RUNWAY WHICH WAS COVERED WITH WET SNOW, AND IT DID NOT DECELERATE NORMALLY. ABOUT 1,200 FEET FROM THE DEPARTURE END OF THE RUNWAY, THE PILOT ADDED ENGINE THRUST AND ROTATED THE AIRCRAFT FOR LIFTOFF; HOWEVER, IT DID NOT GET AIRBORNE BECAUSE OF INSUFFICIENT FLYING SPEED. THE AIRCRAFT OVERRAN THE END OF THE RUNWAY AND STRUCK THREE LOCALIZER ANTENNAS AND A 10-FOOT EMBANKMENT BEFORE IT PLUNGED DOWN A STEEP, DENSELY WOODED HILLSIDE. ALL FIVE OCCUPANTS WERE KILLED, AND THE AIRCRAFT WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT FORCES AND POSTCRASH FIRE.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: REQUIRE CESSNA TO INCLUDE IN THE APPROPRIATE SECTIONS OF ALL CITATION AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUALS THE PORTION OF PAGE IV-3 OF THE MANUFACTURER'S AIRCRAFT OPERATING MANUAL WHICH PERTAINS TO LANDING ON SLIPPERY RUNWAYS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Unacceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Bluefield, WV, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA81AA007
Accident Reports: Georgia Pacific Corporation Cessna 500 Citation, N501GP
Report #: AAR-81-09
Accident Date: 1/21/1981
Issue Date: 6/23/1981
Date Closed: 11/16/1981
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Unacceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 11/16/1981
Response: We note that the FAA considers the data affecting wet runway landing performance as estimates only and will not, therefore, support the inclusion of such information in an FAA approved flight manual (AFM) or in a FAA approved section of a manual. We do not agree with this rationale and have, therefore, classified A-81-65 as "Closed-- Unacceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 9/10/1981
Response: FAA LTR: FACTORS PRESENTLY AVAILABLE ARE APPROXIMATIONS ONLY AND MAY OR MAY NOT BE CONSERVATIVE FOR SOME CONDITIONS. WE THEREFORE CANNOT SUPPORT INCLUSION OF THESE FACTORS IN AN FAA APPROVED FLIGHT MANUAL OR IN AN FAA APPROVED SECTION OF A MANUAL. ACCORDINGLY, THE FAA DOES NOT CONCUR IN SAFETY RECOMMENDATION A-81-65, AND WE PLAN NO FURTHER ACTION.