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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-80-014
Details
Synopsis: ON MARCH 1, 1979, A BEECH 70 EXCALIBUR CONVERSION (QUEEN AIR), N777AE, CRASHED JUST AFTER TAKEOFF FROM THE GULFPORT-BILOXI REGIONAL AIRPORT, GULFPORT, MISSISSIPPI. THE AIRCRAFT WAS BEING OPERATED BY UNIVERSAL AIRWAYS, INC., UNDER 14 CFR 135. THE INVESTIGATION REVEALED THAT THE NOSE BAGGAGE DOOR CAME OPEN ON TAKEOFF AND STRUCK THE LEFT PROPELLER. THE DOOR APPARENTLY HAD NOT BEEN SECURED PROPERLY. IN A SIMILAR ACCIDENT INVOLVING A ROSS AVIATION BEECH 65-80 (QUEEN AIR) AT ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO, ON MAY 19, 1972, NINE PERSONS WERE KILLED. AS A RESULT OF THAT ACCIDENT AND A SIMILAR ACCIDENT INVOLVING A BEECH 99, THE SAFETY BOARD ISSUED SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS A-72-78 THROUGH -81 DIRECTED TO THE ADMINISTRATOR. IN VIEW OF THE UNACCEPTABLE RESPONSE TO OUR PREVIOUS RECOMMENDATIONS AND THE GULFPORT ACCIDENT, THE SAFETY BOARD CONCLUDES THAT ACTION IS STILL REQUIRED TO PREVENT INADVERTENT OPENING OF NOSE BAGGAGE DOORS IN FLIGHT.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: REQUIRE THAT THE NOSE BAGGAGE DOOR INTERRUPTER SYSTEM ON ALL BEECH AIRCRAFT MODELS SO EQUIPPED BE OPERATIONAL BEFORE FLIGHT.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Gulfport, MS, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA79AA001
Accident Reports: Universal Airways, Inc., Beech 70 Excaliber Conversion N777AE
Report #: AAR-79-16
Accident Date: 3/1/1979
Issue Date: 2/11/1980
Date Closed: 6/3/1980
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 2/27/1981
Response:

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 6/3/1980
Response: In a-80-14, we recommended that the faa require that the nose baggage door interrupter system on all beech models be operational before flight. We note that the faa concurs with this requirement and is enforcing such action. The status of this recommendation is classified as closed--acceptable action.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/13/1980
Response: FAA LTR: WE CONCUR IN THE REQUIREMENT THAT BAGGAGE DOOR INTERRUPTER SYSTEMS SHOULD BE OPERATIONAL BEFORE FLIGHT. APPROVED MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LISTS THAT ARE RELATED TO FAR 135.179 DO NOT MENTION THE INTERRUPTER SYSTEM, HOWEVER, THIS SYSTEM IS SPECIFIED BY THE TYPE DESIGNS FOR THE AIRPLANES THAT ARE UNDER CONSIDERATION. CONSEQUENTLY, FAR 135.143 REQUIRES THE INTERRUPTER SYSTEM TO BE OPERATIONAL BEFORE FLIGHT FOR AIR TAXI OPERATIONS. FOR GENERAL OPERATIONS, THE SAME REQUIREMENTS ARE IMPOSED BY FARS 91.29 AND 91.165. NONCOMPLIANCE WITH THE ABOVE REQUIREMENTS, RATHER THAN THE ABSENCE OF REQUIREMENTS, CAUSED THE SERVICE DIFFICULTIES CITED BY THE BOARD. IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE COMPLIANCE, ORDER 8440.5A WAS REVISED ON APRIL 9, 1979, TO INCORPORATE REVISED OPERATIONS BULLETIN NUMBER 75-1. WE ALSO ISSUED A MAINTENANCE NOTE ON PAGE 12 OF GENERAL AIRWORTHINESS ALERT NUMBER 10 DURING MAY 1979.