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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-79-033
Details
Synopsis: ON DECEMBER 28, 1978, A UNITED AIRLINES DC-8 CRASHED NEAR PORTLAND, OREGON, AFTER FUEL EXHAUSTION. AS A RESULT OF ITS INVESTIGATON, THE SAFETY BOARD BELIEVES THAT SAFETY-RELATED FINDINGS MERIT CORRECTIVE ACTION.
Recommendation: EMPHASIZE TO ENGINEERING PERSONNEL WHO APPROVE AIRCRAFT ENGINEERING CHANGES OR ISSUANCE OF SUPPLEMENTAL TYPE CERTIFICATES THE NEED TO CONSIDER COCKPIT CONFIGURATION AND INSTRUMENTATION FACTORS WHICH CAN CONTRIBUTE TO PILOT CONFUSION, SUCH AS THE USE OF SIMILAR-APPEARING INSTRUMENTS WITH DIFFERENT SCALE FACTORS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Portland, OR, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA79AA005
Accident Reports: United Airlines, Inc., McDonnell- Douglas, DC-8-61, N8082U
Report #: AAR-79-07
Accident Date: 12/28/1978
Issue Date: 5/8/1979
Date Closed: 5/18/1981
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 5/18/1981
Response: We are pleased that the faa's western region aircraft engineering division issued a letter dated 9/9/80, to emphasize to engineering personnel who evaluate crew station design the need to consider cockpit configuration and instrument factors that contribute to pilot confusion. We are also pleased to note that the faa is issuing an ac to enhance the public awareness on this subject. A-79-33 is now classified in a closed--acceptable action status.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 4/1/1981
Response: FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION LTR: THE FAA WESTERN REGION AIRCRAFT ENGINEERING DIVISION HAS ISSUED A LETTER DATED SEPTEMBER 9, 1980, TITLED "FINDINGS OF COMPLIANCE INVOLVING CREW STATION DESIGN." THIS LETTER HAS BEEN DISTRIBUTED TO ALL WESTERN REGION ENGINEERING PERSONNEL INVOLVED IN CREW STATION DESIGN APPROVALS. THE DOCUMENT REEMPHASIZES THE NEED TO CONSIDER COCKPIT CONFIGURATION AND INSTRUMENTATION FACTORS WHEN APPROVING ENGINEERING CHANGES OR ISSUING STC'S. ON THE BASIS OF THIS LETTER, WE ARE ISSUING AN AC FOR NATIONAL APPLICATION IN ORDER TO ENHANCE PUBLIC AWARENESS, PARTICULARLY TO THOSE HAVING RESPONSIBILITY FOR DESIGN.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/15/1980
Response: In order to evaluate the progress of these recommendations and update the public docket, we would appreciate an updated status report.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 7/23/1979
Response: FAA LTR: THE FAA DOES CONDUCT A COCKPIT EVALUATION WHEN THERE IS A CHANGE TO EXISTING INSTRUMENTS BY A CHANGE ORDER TO EXISTING TYPE DESIGN DATA OR BY A SUPPLEMENTAL TYPE CERTIFICATE. WITHIN THE NEXT 90 DAYS WE WILL ISSUE A NOTICE TO APPROPRIATE FAA ENGINEERING PERSONNEL REEMPHASIZING THE IMPORTANCE OF CONSIDERING COCKPIT CONFIGURATION AND INSTRUMENTATION FACTORS WHEN APPROVING ENGINEERING CHANGES OR ISSUING SUPPLEMENTAL TYPE CERTIFICATES.