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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-77-035
Details
Synopsis: THE NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD IS CURRENTLY INVESTIGATING AN ACCIDENT WHICH INVOLVED A JAPAN AIR LINES COMPANY, DOUGLAS DC8-62F (JA 8054) AT THE ANCHORAGE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, ANCHORAGE,ALASKA, ON JANUARY 13, 1977. THE AIRCRAFT WAS A CHARTER FLIGHT, TRANSPORTING A BULK CARGO OF CATTLE. IMMEDIATELY AFTER TAKEOFF, WITNESSES SAW THE AIRCRAFT REACH A MAXIMUM ALTITUDE OF ABOUT 100 FEET BEFORE IT YAWED AND DESCENDED TO THE GROUND. ANOTHER ACCIDENT, IN WHICH THE AIRCRAFT WAS CARRYING BULK CATTLE, INVOLVED A CONVAIR 880 (N5865), OPERATED BY AIR TRINE CORPORATION, AT THE MIAMI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, MIAMI, FLORIDA, ON DECEMBER 16, 1976. IN THAT ACCIDENT, THE AIRCRAFT FAILED TO LIFT OFF THE GROUND DURING THE TAKEOFF RUN. POST-ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION DISCLOSED THAT THE PITCH TRIM WAS NOT WITHIN THE TAKEOFF RANGE AND THAT THE AIRCRAFT GROSS WEIGHT WAS CALCULATED INCORRECTLY. BOTH OF THESE ACCIDENTS ARE STILL BEING INVESTIGATED.
Recommendation: CONDUCT AN ENGINEERING ANALYSIS TO DETERMINE THE ADEQUACY OF LIVESTOCK RESTRAINING SYSTEMS WHICH ARE CURRENTLY APPROVED FOR USE. THE ANALYSIS SHOULD DETERMINE THE LOAD DISTRIBUTION AND MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF LOAD SHIFT THAT CAN BE PERMITTED WITHOUT CAUSING AN INTOLERABLE SHIFT OF THE AIRPLANE'S CENTER OF GRAVITY AND ALSO SHOULD DETERMINE THAT THE PERMISSIBLE LIMITS WILL NOT ADVERSELY AFFECT THE AIRPLANE'S STABILITY AND CONTROL CHARACTERISTICS OR INTRODUCE PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS WHICH COULD AFFECT CREW PERFORMANCE.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Anchorage, AK, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: 79701
Accident Reports: Japan Airlines, Company, Ltd., McDonnel-Douglas DC-8-62F, JA 8054
Report #: AAR-78-07
Accident Date: 1/13/1977
Issue Date: 5/26/1977
Date Closed: 12/22/1978
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 12/22/1978
Response: The safety board is pleased to note that the faa has completed its audit of livestock restraining systems and has issued faa order 8110.29, dated july 25, 1977, on the subject of cargo compartment requirements for air shipment of livestock. The status of this recommendation has now been classified as closed--acceptable action.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 11/20/1978
Response: FAA RESPONSE: WE HAVE COMPLETED OUR AUDIT OF ENGINEERING APPROVALS OF LIVESTOCK RESTRAINT SYSTEMS AND CONSIDER THEM ACCEPTABLE. WE BELIEVE THAT THIS ACTION AND THE ISSUANCE OF ORDER 8110.29, CARGO COMPARTMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR AIR SHIPMENT OF LIVESTOCK, CONFORMS TO THE FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS COMPLIANCE OF PREVIOUS CERTIFICATIONS AND ASSURES UNIFORM POLICY FOR CERTIFICATION IN THE FUTURE.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 7/6/1977
Response: FAA LTR: WE ARE PRESENTLY AUDITING ENGINEERING APPROVALS OF LIVESTOCK RESTRAINT SYSTEMS. WE EXPECT THIS AUDIT TO BE COMPLETED BY OCTOBER 1, 1977.