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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-73-037
Details
Synopsis: A GATES LEARJET MODEL 24, N454RN, OPERATED BY THE MACHINERY BUYERS CORP., CRASHED AT 1012 E.S.T. ON FEBRUARY 26, 1973, AFTER TAKEOFF FROM DEKALB-PEACHTREE AIRPORT, ATLANTA, GEORGIA. THE TWO CREWMEMBERS AND FIVE PASSENGERS WERE FATALLY INJURED, ONE PERSON ON THE GROUND SUSTAINED BURNS. THE AIRPLANE DEPARTED FROM RUNWAY 20L ON A FLIGHT PLAN TO MIAMI, FLORIDA. WITNESSES OBSERVED SMOKE TRAILING FROM THE AIRPLANE AS IT CROSSED THE FIELD BOUNDARY. THE TOWER CONTROLLER ADVISED THE CREW OF N454RN THAT THE AIRPLANE'S LEFT ENGINE APPEARED TO BE EMITTING SMOKE; THE CREW OF N454RN RESPONDED THAT THEY HAD "HIT SOME BIRDS." THE TOWER CONTROLLER INQUIRED WHETHER N454RN WAS RETURNING TO LAND, AND N454RN RESPONDED "DON'T BELIEVE WE'RE GONNA MAKE IT." AFTER THE CRASH, THE REMAINS OF 15 COWBIRDS WERE FOUND WITHIN 150 FEET OF THE RUNWAY 2R THRESHOLD. A MUNICIPAL DUMP IS LOCATED ADJACENT TO THE AIRPORT JUST EAST OF RUNWAY 2R/20L. THE NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD DETERMINES THAT THE PROBABLE CAUSE OF THIS ACCIDENT WAS THE LOSS OF ENGINE THRUST DURING TAKEOFF DUE TO INGESTION OF BIRDS BY THE ENGINES, RESULTING IN LOSS OF CONTROL OF THE AIRPLANE. THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION AND THE AIRPORT AUTHORITY WERE AWARE OF THE BIRD HAZARD AT THE AIRPORT; HOWEVER, CONTRARY TO PREVIOUS COMMITMENTS, THE AIRPORT MANAGEMENT DID NOT TAKE POSITIVE ACTION TO REMOVE THE BIRD HAZARD FROM THE AIRPORT ENVIRONMENT.
Recommendation: DISSEMINATE BY THE WIDEST POSSIBLE DISTRIBUTION OF FAA ADVISORY CIRCULAR 150/5200-3A DATED MARCH 2, 1972, SUBJECT "BIRD HAZARDS TO AIRCRAFT," TO ENSURE THAT ALL AIRPORT OPERATORS, AIR CARRIERS, AIR TAXI OPERATORS, FLYING SCHOOLS, FIXED-BASE OPERATORS, AND AIRLINE TRANSPORT, COMMERCIAL, AND PRIVATE PILOTS, AND FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS ARE FULLY AWARE OF THE HAZARDS TO AVIATION ASSOCIATED WITH BIRD STRIKES.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Atlanta, GA, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: MIA73AM087
Accident Reports: Michinery Buyers Corp., Learjet Model 24, N454RN
Report #: AAR-73-12
Accident Date: 2/26/1973
Issue Date: 6/5/1973
Date Closed: 9/14/1974
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): General Aviation, Wildlife

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 9/14/1974
Response: Closed--acceptable action.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 7/16/1973
Response: ACTION HAS BEEN TAKEN TO INSURE THE WIDEST POSSIBLE DISTRIBUTION OF AC 150/5200-3A, BIRD HAZARDS TO AIRCRAFT. IN ADDITION TO THE NORMAL DISTRIBUTION OF 19,000 COPIES, THIS CIRCULAR HAS BEEN MADE PART OF INSPECTORS HANDBOOK FOR GENERAL AVIATION, SCHEDULED AIR CARRIER OPERATIONS, AIR TAXI OPERATIONS, AND ACCIDENT PRESENTATION SPECIALISTS.