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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-72-045
Details
Synopsis: WHILE IN THE PROCESS OF EXECUTING A PRECISION RADAR GCA, FLYING TIGER LINES, INC., FLIGHT 45, A DC-8-63F CARGO AIRCRAFT, CRASHED ABOUT 2,200 FEET SHORT OF THE THRESHOLD OF RUNWAY 18 AT NAHA AIR BASE AT 1136 LOCAL TIME, JULY 27, 1970. THE FOUR CREWMEMBERS AND ONLY OCCUPANTS DIED AS A RESULT OF THE ACCIDENT. THE WEATHER CONDITIONS AT NAHA WERE GOOD WITH SCATTERED RAIN SHOWERS, ONE OF WHICH WAS LOCATED IN THE VICINITY OF THE GCA MINIMUM ALTITUDE POSITION. BRIGHT AREAS OF SUNLIGHT EXISTED WHERE CLOUD COVER WAS ABSENT. THE NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD DETERMINES THAT THE PROBABLE CAUSE OF THIS ACCIDENT WAS AN UNARRESTED RATE OF DESCENT DUE TO INATTENTION OF THE CREW TO INSTRUMENT ALTITUDE REFERENCES WHILE THE PILOT WAS ATTEMPTING TO ESTABLISH OUTSIDE VISUAL CONTACT IN METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS WHICH PRECLUDED SUCH CONTACT DURING THAT SEGMENT OF A PRECISION RADAR APPROACH INBOUND FROM THE DECISIONHEIGHT.
Recommendation: FLYING TIGER LINE, INC., AMEND ITS FLIGHT OPERATIONS PROCEDURES TO SET FORTH SPECIFICALLY THE RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES, PARTICULARLY WITH REGARD TO ALTITUDE CALLOUTS, OF BOTH CAPTAIN AND FIRST OFFICER WHEN THE LATTER IS FLYING THE AIRCRAFT ON AN INSTRUMENT APPROACH.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Okinawa, Japan
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA71AZ002
Accident Reports: Flying Tiger Line, Inc., Douglas DC-8-63F, N785FT
Report #: AAR-72-10
Accident Date: 7/27/1970
Issue Date: 9/16/1970
Date Closed: 6/8/1972
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/4/1972
Response: THE FAA STATED THAT THEIR INTERVIEWS WITH FLYING TIGER FLIGHTCREWS AND OBSERVATIONS OF FLYING TIGER FLIGHT OPERATIONS BY THEIR INSPECTORS REVEALS THAT THE PILOT NOT FLYING MAKES THE ALTITUDE CALLOUTS. TO MAKE THIS CRYSTAL CLEAR, THE COMPANY MODIFIED THEIR INSTRUCTIONS, EFFECTIVE MAY 1, 1972, TO INCLUDE MORE EXPLICIT INFORMATION. THE FAA ARE ASKING THEIR FIELD INSPECTORS TO AGAIN REVIEW ALL AIR CARRIER, COMMERCIAL, AIR TAXI OPERATORS, AND AIR TRAVEL CLUB OPERATIONS MANUALS TO ASSURE THAT ADEQUATE INSTRUCTIONS ARE INCLUDED COVERING HOW THE AIRPLANE WILL BE FLOWN AND THE DUTIES OF THE CAPTAIN WHEN THE COPILOT IS FLYING.