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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-72-044
Details
Synopsis: WHILE IN THE PROCESS OF EXECUTING A PRECISION RADAR GCA, FLYING TIGER LINES, INC., FLIGHT 45, A DC-8-63F CARGO AIRCRAFT, CRASHED ABOUT 2,200 FEET SHORT OF THE THRESHOLD OF RUNWAY 18 AT NAHA AIR BASE AT 1136 LOCAL TIME, JULY 27, 1970. THE FOUR CREWMEMBERS AND ONLY OCCUPANTS DIED AS A RESULT OF THE ACCIDENT. THE WEATHER CONDITIONS AT NAHA WERE GOOD WITH SCATTERED RAIN SHOWERS, ONE OF WHICH WAS LOCATED IN THE VICINITY OF THE GCA MINIMUM ALTITUDE POSITION. BRIGHT AREAS OF SUNLIGHT EXISTED WHERE CLOUD COVER WAS ABSENT. THE NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD DETERMINES THAT THE PROBABLE CAUSE OF THIS ACCIDENT WAS AN UNARRESTED RATE OF DESCENT DUE TO INATTENTION OF THE CREW TO INSTRUMENT ALTITUDE REFERENCES WHILE THE PILOT WAS ATTEMPTING TO ESTABLISH OUTSIDE VISUAL CONTACT IN METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS WHICH PRECLUDED SUCH CONTACT DURING THAT SEGMENT OF A PRECISION RADAR APPROACH INBOUND FROM THE DECISIONHEIGHT.
Recommendation: THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION DETERMINE THAT THE OPERATIONS MANUALS OF ALL AIR CARRIERS, COMMERCIAL OPERATORS, AND AIR TAXI OPERATORS ARE EXPLICIT, PARTICULARLY WITH REGARD TO ALTITUDE CALLOUTS WHEN THE COPILOT IS FLYING THE AIRPLANE DURING AN INSTRUMENT APPROACH.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Okinawa, Japan
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA71AZ002
Accident Reports: Flying Tiger Line, Inc., Douglas DC-8-63F, N785FT
Report #: AAR-72-10
Accident Date: 7/27/1970
Issue Date: 9/16/1970
Date Closed: 6/8/1972
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/4/1972
Response: IN RESPONSE TO THE THIRD RECOMMENDATION, THE FAA STATED THAT: "... INTERVIEWS WITH FLYING TIGER FLIGHTCREWS AND OBSERVATION OF FLYING TIGER FLIGHT OPERATIONS BY FAA INSPECTORS REVEALS THAT THE PILOT NOT FLYING MAKES THE ALTITUDE CALLOUTS. NEVERTHELESS, TO MAKE THIS CRYSTAL CLEAR, THE COMPANY MODIFIED THEIR INSTRUCTIONS, EFFECTIVE MAY 1, 1972, TO INCLUDE MORE EXPLICIT INFORMATION. WE ARE ALSO ASKING OUR FIELD INSPECTORS TO AGAIN REVIEW ALL AIR CARRIER, COMMERCIAL, AIR TAXI OPERATORS, AND AIR TRAVEL CLUB OPERATIONS MANUALS.... AS A GENERAL RULE, IT IS RATHER BASIC TO ASSUME THAT THE PILOT-IN-COMMAND MUST PERFORM COPILOT DUTIES WHEN THE COPILOT IS MANIPULATING THE CONTROLS. WE DO NOT BELIEVE THAT VOLUMINOUS DATA AND INFORMATION IN AN OPERATIONS MANUAL IS A SUBSTITUTE FOR GOOD JUDGEMENT."