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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-72-042
Details
Synopsis: WHILE IN THE PROCESS OF EXECUTING A PRECISION RADAR GCA, FLYING TIGER LINES, INC., FLIGHT 45, A DC-8-63F CARGO AIRCRAFT, CRASHED ABOUT 2,200 FEET SHORT OF THE THRESHOLD OF RUNWAY 18 AT NAHA AIR BASE AT 1136 LOCAL TIME, JULY 27, 1970. THE FOUR CREWMEMBERS AND ONLY OCCUPANTS DIED AS A RESULT OF THE ACCIDENT. THE WEATHER CONDITIONS AT NAHA WERE GOOD WITH SCATTERED RAIN SHOWERS, ONE OF WHICH WAS LOCATED IN THE VICINITY OF THE GCA MINIMUM ALTITUDE POSITION. BRIGHT AREAS OF SUNLIGHT EXISTED WHERE CLOUD COVER WAS ABSENT. THE NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD DETERMINES THAT THE PROBABLE CAUSE OF THIS ACCIDENT WAS AN UNARRESTED RATE OF DESCENT DUE TO INATTENTION OF THE CREW TO INSTRUMENT ALTITUDE REFERENCES WHILE THE PILOT WAS ATTEMPTING TO ESTABLISH OUTSIDE VISUAL CONTACT IN METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS WHICH PRECLUDED SUCH CONTACT DURING THAT SEGMENT OF A PRECISION RADAR APPROACH INBOUND FROM THE DECISIONHEIGHT.
Recommendation: THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION REEMPHASIZE TO AIR CARRIER FLIGHT-SUPERVISORY AND PILOT PERSONNEL THE PERTINENT ALTITUDE AWARENESS RECOMMENDATIONS SET FORTH IN THE ABOVE-MENTIONED LETTER. (SEE APPENDIX H.)
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Okinawa, Japan
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA71AZ002
Accident Reports: Flying Tiger Line, Inc., Douglas DC-8-63F, N785FT
Report #: AAR-72-10
Accident Date: 7/27/1970
Issue Date: 9/16/1970
Date Closed: 6/8/1972
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/4/1972
Response: THE FIRST RECOMMENDATION REFERRED TO CHAIRMAN O'CONNELL'S LETTER DATED JANUARY 17, 1969, WHICH ALSO RELATED TO THE SUBJECT OF APPROACH AND LANDING ACCIDENTS. THE FAA RESPONDED STATING:"... AS INDICATED IN MR. D. D. THOMAS' LETTER TO THE HONORABLE JOSEPH J. O'CONNELL, JR., DATED FEBRUARY 6, 1969, WE HAVE MADE ALTITUDE AWARENESS A CONTINUOUS EMPHASIS ITEM SINCE MAY 12, 1966. ADDITIONALLY, IN MAY 1969, WE MADE ALTITUDE AWARENESS A SPECIFIC ITEM ON FAA 8430-5, AIR CARRIER ENROUTE INSPECTION REPORT OPERATIONS. ACCORDINGLY, IN ADDITION TO CERTIFICATION AND PROFICIENCY FLIGHT CHECKS, COMPLIANCE WITH ALTITUDE AWARENESS PROCEDURES IS A SPECIFIC ITEM TO BE OBSERVED AND REPORTED ON BY FAA AIR CARRIER OPERATIONS INSPECTORS DURING EACH AIR CARRIER ENROUTE INSPECTION."